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National Register of Historic Places

National Registermultiple property submissionRegistered Historic Places
Federally designated historic districts are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, but listing usually imposes no restrictions on what property owners may do with a designated property.
The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance.

Historic district

districthistoric districtslocal historic district
Historic districts in the United States are designated historic districts recognizing a group of buildings, properties, or sites by one of several entities on different levels as historically or architecturally significant.

Property

propertiespatrimonyproprietary
Historic districts in the United States are designated historic districts recognizing a group of buildings, properties, or sites by one of several entities on different levels as historically or architecturally significant.

Contributing property

contributing buildingscontributing propertiescontributing building
Buildings, structures, objects and sites within a historic district are normally divided into two categories, contributing and non-contributing.

National Park Service

NPSNational ParksU.S. National Park Service
The U.S. federal government designates historic districts through the United States Department of Interior under the auspices of the National Park Service.

U.S. state

Statestatesstatehood
State-level historic districts may follow similar criteria (no restrictions) or may require adherence to certain historic rehabilitation standards.

Charleston, South Carolina

CharlestonCharleston, SCCharles Town
The first U.S. historic district was established in Charleston, South Carolina in 1931, predating the U.S. federal government designation by more than three decades.

New Orleans

New Orleans, LouisianaNew Orleans, LAOrleans Parish
Charleston city government designated an "Old and Historic District" by local ordinance and created a board of architectural review to oversee it. New Orleans followed in 1937, establishing the Vieux Carré Commission and authorizing it to act to maintain the historic character of the city's French Quarter.

French Quarter

Vieux CarréVieux CarreNew Orleans
Charleston city government designated an "Old and Historic District" by local ordinance and created a board of architectural review to oversee it. New Orleans followed in 1937, establishing the Vieux Carré Commission and authorizing it to act to maintain the historic character of the city's French Quarter.

Philadelphia

Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia, PACity of Philadelphia
Other localities picked up on the concept, with the city of Philadelphia enacting its historic preservation ordinance in 1955.

United States Conference of Mayors

U.S. Conference of MayorsUS Conference of Mayors84th Annual US Conference of Mayors
In 1966 the federal government created the National Register of Historic Places, soon after a report from the U.S. Conference of Mayors had stated Americans suffered from "rootlessness."

2006 Arizona Proposition 207

207Prop. 207Proposition 207
Some states, such as Arizona, have passed referendums defending property rights that have stopped private property being designated historic without the property owner's consent or compensation for the historic overlay.

National Historic Preservation Act of 1966

National Historic Preservation ActHistoric Preservation ActSection 106
The National Register of Historic Places defines a historic district per U.S. federal law, last revised in 2004.

Cultural resources management

cultural resource managementarchaeological resource managementC'''ultural '''R'''esource '''M'''anagement (CRM) firm reports
The National Register is the official recognition by the U.S. government of cultural resources worthy of preservation.

Federal government of the United States

federal governmentfederalU.S. government
In 1966 the federal government created the National Register of Historic Places, soon after a report from the U.S. Conference of Mayors had stated Americans suffered from "rootlessness."

National Register of Historic Places property types

contributing buildingsbuildingsNational Historic District
If the federal government is not involved, then the listing on the National Register provides the site, property or district no protections.

State historic preservation office

Historic Preservation OfficerNew Jersey State Historical Preservation OrganizationNew York State Historic Preservation Office
A state listing of a historic district on a "State Register of Historic Places," usually by the State Historic Preservation Office, can be an "honorary status," much like the National Register.

Nevada

NVState of NevadaNevada, USA
For example, in Nevada, listing in the State Register places no limits on property owners.

Tennessee

TNState of TennesseeTenn.
In contrast, state law in Tennessee requires that property owners within historic districts follow a strict set of guidelines, from the U.S. Department of Interior, when altering their properties.

United States Department of the Interior

Department of the InteriorU.S. Department of the InteriorInterior Department
In contrast, state law in Tennessee requires that property owners within historic districts follow a strict set of guidelines, from the U.S. Department of Interior, when altering their properties.

North Carolina

NCNorthN.C.
As of 2004, for example, the state of North Carolina had no such designation.

County (United States)

countycountiescounty-equivalent
Local historic districts can be administered at the county or the municipal level; both entities are involved in land use decisions.

Municipality

municipalitiesmunicipalmunicipal division
Local historic districts can be administered at the county or the municipal level; both entities are involved in land use decisions.

Due process

due process of lawDue Process Clausejudicial procedure
Local historic districts are identified by surveying historic resources and delineating appropriate boundaries that comply with all aspects of due process.

Local ordinance

ordinanceordinancescity ordinance
In 1931 Charleston enacted an ordinance which designated an "Old and Historic District" administered by a Board of Architectural Review.