Historical school of economics

Historical SchoolGerman Historical Schoolhistorical school of economic historySozialpolitikerHistoricalhistorical school of political economyKathedersozialistFrench Historical School of economicsGermanGerman counterpart
The historical school of economics was an approach to academic economics and to public administration that emerged in the 19th century in Germany, and held sway there until well into the 20th century.wikipedia
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Gustav von Schmoller

Gustav SchmollerSchmoller
Prominent leaders included Gustav von Schmoller (1838–1917), and Max Weber (1864–1920) in Germany, and Joseph Schumpeter (1883–1950) in Austria and the United States.
Gustav Friedrich (after 1908: von) Schmoller (24 June 1838 – 27 June 1917) was the leader of the "younger" German historical school of economics.

Max Weber

WeberWeberianWeber, Max
Prominent leaders included Gustav von Schmoller (1838–1917), and Max Weber (1864–1920) in Germany, and Joseph Schumpeter (1883–1950) in Austria and the United States.
In 1888 he joined the Verein für Socialpolitik, a new professional association of German economists affiliated with the historical school, who saw the role of economics primarily as finding solutions to the social problems of the age and who pioneered large scale statistical studies of economic issues.

Friedrich List

List, FriedrichWikiquote - Quotations From List
Predecessors included Friedrich List.
He was a forefather of the German historical school of economics, and argued for the German Customs Union from a Nationalist standpoint.

Joseph Schumpeter

SchumpeterJoseph A. SchumpeterJoseph Alois Schumpeter
Prominent leaders included Gustav von Schmoller (1838–1917), and Max Weber (1864–1920) in Germany, and Joseph Schumpeter (1883–1950) in Austria and the United States.
The source of Joseph Schumpeter's dynamic, change-oriented, and innovation-based economics was the Historical School of economics.

Austrian School

Austrian School of EconomicsAustrian economicsAustrian
The historical school was involved in the Methodenstreit ("strife over method") with the Austrian school, whose orientation was more theoretical and aprioristic.
It was methodologically opposed to the Prussian Historical School (in a dispute known as Methodenstreit).

Methodenstreit

The historical school was involved in the Methodenstreit ("strife over method") with the Austrian school, whose orientation was more theoretical and aprioristic.
Methodenstreit (German for "method dispute"), in intellectual history beyond German-language discourse, was an economics controversy commenced in the 1880s and persisting for more than a decade, between that field's Austrian School and the (German) Historical School.

Bruno Hildebrand

Bruno Hildebrand (6 March 1812 – 29 January 1878) was a German economist representing the "older" historical school of economics.

Karl Knies

Karl Gustav Adolf Knies
Karl Gustav Adolf Knies (29 March 1821 – 3 August 1898) was a German economist of the historical school of economics, best known as the author of Political Economy from the Standpoint of the Historical Method (1853).

Werner Sombart

SombartSombart, Werner
Werner Sombart (19 January 1863 – 18 May 1941) was a German economist and sociologist, the head of the "Youngest Historical School" and one of the leading Continental European social scientists during the first quarter of the 20th century.

Wilhelm Georg Friedrich Roscher

Wilhelm RoscherRoscherG. F. Roscher
The main origins of the historical school of political economy may be traced to Roscher.

William Ashley (economic historian)

William AshleySir William AshleyW. J. Ashley
William Ashley (1860–1927) introduced British scholars to the historical school as developed in Germany.
His major intellectual influence was in organizing economic history in Great Britain and introducing the ideas of the leading German economic historians, especially Gustav von Schmoller and the historical school of economic history.

John Bates Clark

John B. ClarkJ. B. ClarkJ.B. Clark
More importantly, numerous aspiring economists undertook graduate studies at German universities, including John Bates Clark, Richard T. Ely, Jeremiah Jenks, Simon Patten, and Frank William Taussig.
From 1872 to 1875, he attended the University of Zurich and the University of Heidelberg where he studied under Karl Knies (a leader of the German Historical School).

English historical school of economics

English historical schoolBritish economics school of thoughthistorical
Although not nearly as famous as its German counterpart, there was also an English historical school, whose figures included Francis Bacon and Herbert Spencer.
The English historical school of economics, although not nearly as famous as its German counterpart, sought a return of inductive methods in economics, following the triumph of the deductive approach of David Ricardo in the early 19th century.

Richard T. Ely

Richard ElyRichard Theodore Ely
More importantly, numerous aspiring economists undertook graduate studies at German universities, including John Bates Clark, Richard T. Ely, Jeremiah Jenks, Simon Patten, and Frank William Taussig.
He received a Doctor of Philosophy degree in economics from the University of Heidelberg in that same year, where he had studied with Karl Knies, who belonged to the historical school of economics, and Johann Kaspar Bluntschli.

Lujo Brentano

L. BrentanoLudwig Joseph Brentano
Brentano was a Kathedersozialist (reform-minded) and a founding member of the Verein für Socialpolitik.

Thorstein Veblen

Thorstein Bunde VeblenThorsten VeblenVeblen
In the United States the school influenced the institutional economists, such as Thorstein Veblen (1857–1929) and especially the Wisconsin school of labor history led by John R. Commons (1862–1945).
Veblen and other American institutionalists were indebted to the German Historical School, especially Gustav von Schmoller, for the emphasis on historical fact, their empiricism and especially a broad, evolutionary framework of study.

Adolph Wagner

(Albert Schäffle (1831–1903), Lujo Brentano (1844–1931), Gustav von Schmoller (1838–1917) and Karl Rodbertus(-Jagetzow) (1805–1875) were important protagonists of that thought as well.) He was a member of the Historical school of economics, as his general review essay on Marshall's Principles of Economics so clearly demonstrates.

Freiburg school

Freiburg School of EconomicsFreiburg School of economics and lawFreiburger Schule
It builds somewhat on the earlier historical school of economics but stresses that only some forms of competition are good, while others may require oversight.

German Historical School

German Historical School of LawHistorical School of Lawhistorical school of jurisprudence
For economics, see historical school of economics.''

Productivity improving technologies

Productivity improving technologies (historical)productivityachievements in technological consumption of labour and energy

Economic methodology

methodologicalmethodology of economicsMethodology
The historical school of economics was an approach to academic economics and to public administration that emerged in the 19th century in Germany, and held sway there until well into the 20th century.

Economics

economiceconomisteconomic theory
The historical school of economics was an approach to academic economics and to public administration that emerged in the 19th century in Germany, and held sway there until well into the 20th century.