History of Cape Town

history CapetownEstablishment of Cape TownKaapstad / Cape Townthe oldest urban area in South AfricaVOC Cape Town
This article is about the history of Cape Town; for the modern-day city, see Cape Town.wikipedia
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Cape Town

Cape Town, South AfricaCapeCape Town, Western Cape
The area known today as Cape Town has no written history before it was first mentioned by Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias in 1488.
Located on the shore of Table Bay, Cape Town, as the oldest urban area in South Africa, was developed by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as a supply station for Dutch ships sailing to East Africa, India, and the Far East.

Dutch East India Company

VOCDutchDutch VOC
The area fell out of regular contact with Europeans until 1652, when Jan van Riebeeck and other employees of the Dutch East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, or simply VOC) were sent to the Cape to establish a halfway station to provide fresh water, vegetables, and meat for passing ships travelling to and from Asia.
Kaapstad / Cape Town (South Africa)

Timeline of Cape Town

Cape Towntimeline
Timeline of Cape Town history
The following is a of the history of Cape Town, in the Western Cape province of South Africa.

Trams in Cape Town

Camps Bay tramwayHorsecar trams
Trams in Cape Town
History of Cape Town

Trolleybuses in Cape Town

Cape Town TramwaysTrolleybuses
Trolleybuses in Cape Town
*History of Cape Town

Recorded history

written historyhistorical recordhistorical records
The area known today as Cape Town has no written history before it was first mentioned by Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias in 1488.

Bartolomeu Dias

DiasBartholomew DiasBarthoulomeu Dias
The area known today as Cape Town has no written history before it was first mentioned by Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias in 1488.

Toponymy

toponymtoponymsplace name
The German anthropologist Theophilus Hahn recorded that the original name of the area was '||Hui !Gais' – a toponym in the indigenous Khoe language meaning "where clouds gather."

Fossil

fossilsfossil recordfossilized
All knowledge of the previous inhabitants of the region was derived from fossil evidence and from rock art in the area.

Rock art

rock paintingrock paintingspetrograph
All knowledge of the previous inhabitants of the region was derived from fossil evidence and from rock art in the area.

Portugal

Portuguese🇵🇹POR
The first Europeans to discover the Cape were the Portuguese.

Vasco da Gama

Vasco de GamaCaravel ''BérrioCR Vasco da Gama
The next recorded European sighting of the Cape was by Vasco da Gama in 1497 while he was searching for a route that would lead directly from Europe to Asia.

Table Mountain

Tafelberghiking trailsTable
Table Mountain was given its name in 1503 by António de Saldanha, a Portuguese admiral and explorer. Forests in Hout Bay and the southern and eastern flanks of Table Mountain provided timber for ships and houses.

António de Saldanha

Table Mountain was given its name in 1503 by António de Saldanha, a Portuguese admiral and explorer.

Jan van Riebeeck

Van RiebeeckGeneral van RiebeeckJan Anthonisz van Riebeeck
The area fell out of regular contact with Europeans until 1652, when Jan van Riebeeck and other employees of the Dutch East India Company (Dutch: Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, or simply VOC) were sent to the Cape to establish a halfway station to provide fresh water, vegetables, and meat for passing ships travelling to and from Asia.

Company's Garden

Company GardensCape Town Botanical Gardensgarden
The group quickly erected shelters and laid out vegetable gardens and orchards, and are preserved in the Company Gardens.

Khoisan

KhoiCapoidCapoids
The settlers bartered with the native Khoisan for their sheep and cattle.

Hout Bay

DungeonsRepublic of Hout Bay
Forests in Hout Bay and the southern and eastern flanks of Table Mountain provided timber for ships and houses.

Hottentot (racial term)

HottentotsHottentot
The Dutch gave their own names to the native inhabitants that they encountered, calling the pastoralists "Hottentots", those that lived on the coast and subsisted on shellfishing "Strandlopers", and those who were hunter-gatherers were named "Bushmen".

Strandloper peoples

StrandlopersStrandloper
The Dutch gave their own names to the native inhabitants that they encountered, calling the pastoralists "Hottentots", those that lived on the coast and subsisted on shellfishing "Strandlopers", and those who were hunter-gatherers were named "Bushmen".

San people

SanBushmanbushmen
The Dutch gave their own names to the native inhabitants that they encountered, calling the pastoralists "Hottentots", those that lived on the coast and subsisted on shellfishing "Strandlopers", and those who were hunter-gatherers were named "Bushmen".

Cape Coloureds

Cape ColouredColouredCape Coloured People
These Asians helped to form the foundation of the Cape Coloured and Cape Malay populations, as well as bringing Islam to the Cape.

Cape Malays

Cape MalayMalayCape Muslim
These Asians helped to form the foundation of the Cape Coloured and Cape Malay populations, as well as bringing Islam to the Cape.