History of Europe

European historyModern European historyEuropeEuropeanhistoryModern Europecontinent European history19th century20th-century Europe
The history of Europe covers the people inhabiting Europe from prehistory to the present.wikipedia
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Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
The fall of the Roman Empire in AD 476 traditionally marks the start of the Middle Ages.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or medieval period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.


the RenaissanceEarly RenaissanceEuropean Renaissance
Beginning in the 14th century a Renaissance of knowledge challenged traditional doctrines in science and theology.
The Renaissance was a period in European history marking the transition from the Middle Ages to Modernity and covering the 15th and 16th centuries.

High Middle Ages

high medievalHighhigh medieval period
Eastern Europe in the High Middle Ages was dominated by the rise and fall of the Mongol Empire.
The High Middle Ages, or High Medieval Period, was the period of European history that commenced around 1000 and lasted until around 1300.

Late Middle Ages

late medievallate medieval periodlate mediaeval
As Mongol power waned towards the Late Middle Ages, the Grand Duchy of Moscow rose to become the strongest of the numerous Russian principalities and republics and would grow into the Tsardom of Russia in 1547.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.

Black Death

plagueBlack PlagueGreat Plague
The epidemic known as the Black Death and an associated famine caused demographic catastrophe in Europe as the population plummeted.
The plague created a number of religious, social and economic upheavals, with profound effects on the course of European history.

Hundred Years' War

Hundred Years WarHundred Years’ WarHundred Year's War
In Scandinavia, the Kalmar Union dominated the political landscape, while England fought with Scotland in the Wars of Scottish Independence and with France in the Hundred Years' War.
Later historians adopted the term "Hundred Years' War" as a historiographical periodisation to encompass all of these events, thus constructing the longest military conflict in European history.

Early Middle Ages

early medievalEarlyearly medieval period
The slumber of the Dark Ages was shaken by a renewed crisis in the Church.
They marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history.

Classical antiquity

The period known as classical antiquity began with the emergence of the city-states of ancient Greece.
Ultimately, it was a slow, complex, and graduated change in the socioeconomic structure in European history that led to the changeover between Classical Antiquity and Medieval society and no specific date can truly exemplify that.

Plague of Justinian

Justinian plagueplaguegreat plague
The Plague of Justinian was a pandemic that afflicted the Byzantine Empire, including its capital Constantinople, in the years 541–542.
The waves of disease had a major effect on the subsequent course of European history.

Commercial Revolution

Commercialcash-starved Europedeficit in silver and gold
The expanding colonial frontiers resulted in a Commercial Revolution.
In his best-known book, The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages (1971, with numerous reprints), Lopez argued that the key contribution of the medieval period to European history was the creation of a commercial economy between the 11th and the 14th century, centered at first in the Italo-Byzantine eastern Mediterranean, but eventually extending to the Italian city-states and over the rest of Europe.

Atlantic World

Atlantic coastal regionsAtlantic Rim
The French Revolution (1789–1804) was a product of the same democratic forces in the Atlantic World and had an even greater impact.
The Atlantic World comprises the histories of Europe, Africa, and the Americas.

History of the Balkans

BalkansBalkan historyancient
Greece and the other Balkan nations began a long slow road to independence from the Ottoman Empire, starting in the 1820s.


The Normans, descendants of the Vikings who settled in Northern France, had a significant impact on many parts of Europe, from the Norman conquest of England to Sicily.
The 200-year Viking influence on European history is filled with tales of plunder and colonisation, and the majority of these chronicles came from western witnesses and their descendants.

Revolutions of 1848

Spring of Nations1848 Revolution1848 revolutions
It remains the most widespread revolutionary wave in European history.

House of European History

Museum of Europe
The House of European History (HEH) (Maison de l'Histoire européenne, Huis van de Europese geschiedenis) is a museum in Brussels, Belgium that focuses on the history of Europe since 1789.

Nicholas V. Riasanovsky

RiasanovskyRiasanovsky, NicholasRiasanovsky, Nicholas V
Nicholas Valentine Riasanovsky (December 21, 1923 – May 14, 2011 ) was a professor at the University of California, Berkeley and the author of numerous books on Russian history and European intellectual history.

History of Switzerland

JoinedSwiss historySwitzerland
Likewise in Switzerland the long-term impact of the French Revolution has been assessed by Martin:

Bulgarian Empire

BulgariaBulgarianmedieval Bulgaria
The powerful and long lived Bulgarian Empire was its main competitor in the region.


EuropeanEUEuropean continent
The history of Europe covers the people inhabiting Europe from prehistory to the present.


prehistoricprehistoric timesprehistorian
The history of Europe covers the people inhabiting Europe from prehistory to the present.

Neolithic Europe

NeolithicEuropean NeolithicPre-Indo-European
During the Neolithic era and the time of the Indo-European migrations Europe saw human inflows from east and southeast and subsequent important cultural and material exchange.

Indo-European migrations

Indo-EuropeanIndo-European expansionIndo-Europeans
During the Neolithic era and the time of the Indo-European migrations Europe saw human inflows from east and southeast and subsequent important cultural and material exchange.

Roman Empire

Later, the Roman Empire came to dominate the entire Mediterranean basin.