History of Greece

Greek historyGreekhistoryGreeceGreek city-statesTimeline of Greek historyEstablishment historyGreeksPrehistoric Greece Greek history
This article covers the Greek civilization as a whole.wikipedia
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Ancient Greece

Greekancient Greekancient Greeks
Mycenaean Greece is the Late Helladic Bronze Age civilization of Ancient Greece and it is the historical setting of the epics of Homer and most of Greek mythology and religion.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c.

Archaic Greece

ArchaicArchaic periodArchaic Greek
Archaic Greece was the period in Greek history lasting from the eighth century BC to the second Persian invasion of Greece in 480 BC, following the Greek Dark Ages and succeeded by the Classical period.

Greece in the Roman era

RomanGreeceRoman Greece
Greece in the Roman era describes the period of Greek history when Ancient Greece was dominated by the Roman Republic (509 – 27 BC), the Roman Empire (27 BC – AD 395), and the Byzantine Empire (AD 395 – 1453).

Greek Dark Ages

Greek Dark AgeDark AgeDark Ages
Numerous cities were sacked and the region entered what historians see as a "dark age".
is the period of Greek history from the end of the Mycenaean palatial civilization around 1100 BC to the first signs of the Greek poleis (city-states) in the 9th century BC.

Classical Greece

ClassicalClassical periodClassical Greek
Much of modern Western politics, artistic thought (architecture, sculpture), scientific thought, theatre, literature and philosophy derives from this period of Greek history.

Frankokratia

FrankishFrankish GreeceLatin
The Frankokratia (Φραγκοκρατία, sometimes anglicized as Francocracy, lit. "rule of the Franks"), also known as Latinokratia (Λατινοκρατία, "rule of the Latins") and, for the Venetian domains, Venetokratia or Enetokratia (Βενετοκρατία or Ενετοκρατία, "rule of the Venetians"), was the period in Greek history after the Fourth Crusade (1204), when a number of primarily French and Italian Crusader states were established on the territory of the dissolved Byzantine Empire (see Partitio terrarum imperii Romaniae).

Mycenae

MyceneansMyceneMycenaean
The Mycenaean period takes its name from the archaeological site Mycenae in the northeastern Argolid, in the Peloponnesos of southern Greece.
The period of Greek history from about 1600 BC to about 1100 BC is called Mycenaean in reference to Mycenae.

Corfu

CorcyraKerkyraKorfu
The war began over a dispute between Corcyra and Epidamnus.
The island is bound up with the history of Greece from the beginnings of Greek mythology.

Battle of Plataea

PlataeaBattle of Plateaat Plataea in 479 BCE
The notable battles of the Greco-Persian Wars include Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea.
A congress of city states met at Corinth in the late autumn of 481 BC, and a confederate alliance of Greek city-states was formed (hereafter referred to as "the Allies").

Battle of Thermopylae

Thermopylae300 SpartansEpitaph of Simonides
The notable battles of the Greco-Persian Wars include Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea.
A congress of city-states met at Corinth in late autumn of 481 BC, and a confederate alliance of Greek city-states was formed.

Battle of Salamis

SalamisBattle of Salaminadefeat at Salamis
The notable battles of the Greco-Persian Wars include Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and Plataea.
A congress of city states met at Corinth in late autumn of 481 BC, and a confederate alliance of Greek city-states was formed.

Greece

GreekHellenic RepublicGreeks
The history of Greece encompasses the history of the territory of the modern nation state of Greece as well as that of the Greek people and the areas they inhabited and ruled historically. The first capital of the independent Greece was temporarily Aigina (1828–1829) and later officially Nafplion (1828–1834).

Delos

DelianDeliansAncient Delos
Following military reversals against the Persians, the treasury was moved from Delos to Athens, further strengthening the latter's control over the League.
The Roman destruction of Corinth in 146 BCE allowed Delos to at least partially assume Corinth's role as the premier trading center of Greece.

Greco-Persian Wars

Persian WarsPersian WarGreco-Persian War
The Persian Wars (500–448 BC) are recounted in Herodotus's Histories.
A congress of states met at Corinth in late autumn of 481 BC, and a confederate alliance of Greek city-states was formed.

Helladic chronology

MycenaeanHelladicMiddle Helladic
Mycenaean Greece is the Late Helladic Bronze Age civilization of Ancient Greece and it is the historical setting of the epics of Homer and most of Greek mythology and religion. The Minoan civilization in Crete lasted from about c. 3000 BC (Early Minoan) to c. 1400 BC, and the Helladic culture on the Greek mainland from circa 3200/3100 BC to 2000/1900 BC.

Second Persian invasion of Greece

invasion of Greeceexpedition of the year 480 BCE against GreeceSecond Persian War
Darius's successor, Xerxes I, launched the Second Persian invasion of Greece.
A congress of states met at Corinth in late autumn of 481 BC, and a confederate alliance of Greek city-states was formed.

Battle of Leuctra

Leuctraannihilated Spartan supremacy at LeuctraBattle of Leuktra
Their general, Epaminondas, crushed Sparta at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC, inaugurating a period of Theban dominance in Greece.
The battle is of great significance in Greek history.

Metapolitefsi

restoration of democracyfall of the juntafall
The fall of the junta was followed by the metapolitefsi.
The Metapolitefsi (Μεταπολίτευση, translated as "polity/regime change") was a period in modern Greek history after the fall of the military junta of 1967–74 that includes the transitional period from the fall of the dictatorship to the 1974 legislative elections and the democratic period immediately after these elections.

Aegina

AiginaAeginetansEgina
The first capital of the independent Greece was temporarily Aigina (1828–1829) and later officially Nafplion (1828–1834).
Greek History, sect.

Corinthian War

Corinthian Warsrebellion
Discontent with the Spartan hegemony that followed (including the fact that it ceded Ionia and Cyprus to the Persian Empire at the conclusion of the Corinthian War (395–387 BC); see Treaty of Antalcidas) induced the Thebans to attack.
The reassertion of Spartan hegemony over Greece by abandoning the Greeks of Aeolia, Ionia, and Caria has been called the "most disgraceful event in Greek history".

Crusader states

CrusaderCrusader stateOutremer
Certainly, the Venetians and others were active traders in the ports of the Holy Land, and they made a living out of shipping goods between the Crusader Kingdoms of Outremer and the West while also trading extensively with Byzantium and Egypt.
This period of Greek history is known as the Frankokratia or Latinokratia ("Frankish or Latin rule") and designates a period when Catholic western European nobles, primarily from France and Italy, ruled over the Orthodox Byzantine Greeks on former Byzantine territory.

Byzantine Greeks

Byzantine GreekByzantinesGreek
The Latin Empire, however, lasted only 57 years, when in 1261 Constantinople was reclaimed by the Byzantine Greeks and the Byzantine Empire was restored.

Nafplio

NafplionNaupliaNauplion
The first capital of the independent Greece was temporarily Aigina (1828–1829) and later officially Nafplion (1828–1834).

Macedonia (region)

Macedoniaregion of MacedoniaMacedonian
As a result of the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913, most of Epirus, southern Macedonia, Crete and the northern Aegean islands were incorporated into the Kingdom of Greece.