History of IBM

IBMIBM Federal Systems Divisionunbundling of software and servicesUnited States v. IBMantitrust lawsuitdevelop chargeable versions of several applications, mostly language processorsElectrical Till Corp.General Systems DivisionHistory of IBM § 1969: Antitrust, the Unbundling of software and servicesIBM antitrust battles
International Business Machines, or IBM, nicknamed "Big Blue", is a multinational computer technology and IT consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States.wikipedia
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Herman Hollerith

HollerithHollerith, HermanHermann Hollerith
Of the companies amalgamated to form CTR, the most technologically significant was The Tabulating Machine Company, founded by Herman Hollerith, and specialized in the development of punched card data processing equipment.

Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company

Tabulating Machine CompanyInternational Time Recording CompanyThe Tabulating Machine Company
Of the companies amalgamated to form CTR, the most technologically significant was The Tabulating Machine Company, founded by Herman Hollerith, and specialized in the development of punched card data processing equipment. In 1911, these companies were amalgamated into the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR).

Dehomag

an IBM subsidiaryDeutsche Hollerith Maschinen GesellschaftDeutsche Hollerith-Maschinen Gesellschaft mbH
CTR acquires majority ownership of the German tabulating firm Deutsche Hollerith Maschinen Groupe (Dehomag).

Wallace John Eckert

Wallace EckertWallace J. EckertW J Eckert
IBM begins its collaboration with Benjamin Wood, Wallace John Eckert and the Statistical Bureau at Columbia University.

IBM SSEC

Selective Sequence Electronic CalculatorIBM Selective Sequence Electronic CalculatorSSEC
1948: IBM SSEC

IBM PCjr

PCjrIBM PC JrChiclet rule
1983: IBM PCjr
No longer facing a long-running antitrust suit by the United States government, IBM and dealers boasted that "we are going to sell as many of these things as we can possibly make".

IBM 650

650Symbolic Optimal Assembly ProgramIBM model 650
1953: IBM 650

OS/VS2 (SVS)

SVSOS/VS2 SVSOS/VS2
In the wake of the Applied Data Research lawsuit IBM decided to develop chargeable versions of several applications, mostly language processors, although it's not clear whether the lawsuit was actually the deciding factor.

Jacques Maisonrouge

Maisonrouge, Jacques
His career with IBM, which spanned 36 years from 1948 to 1984, included four postings to the USA.

History of CP/CMS

time-sharing operating systems
At the time of the S/360-67, software was "bundled" into computer hardware purchases; see "IBM's unbundling of software and services".

William W. Simmons (executive)

consensorWilliam W. (Bill) SimmonsWilliam W. Simmons#Selected publications
He published several books and articles in the 1970s and in the 1980s he wrote his autobiography about his years at IBM, entitled "Inside IBM: the Watson years : a personal memoir", which shares insides about the History of IBM.

CP/CMS

CP-40 CP[-67]/CMSCMS
Before IBM unbundled software from hardware in 1969, the OS (and most other software) was included in the cost of the hardware.

IBM System/360

System/360IBM 360IBM/360
Its great breakthrough came in the 1960s with its System/360 family of mainframe computers.

Thomas Watson Jr.

Thomas J. Watson, Jr.Thomas Watson, Jr.Thomas J. Watson Jr.
The mantle of chief executive fell to his eldest son, Thomas J. Watson, Jr., IBM's president since 1952.

IBM

International Business MachinesIBM CorporationInternational Business Machines Corporation
International Business Machines, or IBM, nicknamed "Big Blue", is a multinational computer technology and IT consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States.

Armonk, New York

ArmonkArmonk, NYArmonk, New York, US
International Business Machines, or IBM, nicknamed "Big Blue", is a multinational computer technology and IT consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States.

Unit record equipment

Hollerithpunched card machinesunit record machines
IBM originated from the bringing together of several companies that worked to automate routine business transactions, including the first companies to build punched card based data tabulating machines and to build time clocks.

Time clock

Bundy clockclocking inpunch clock
IBM originated from the bringing together of several companies that worked to automate routine business transactions, including the first companies to build punched card based data tabulating machines and to build time clocks.

Mainframe computer

mainframemainframesmainframe computers
Its great breakthrough came in the 1960s with its System/360 family of mainframe computers.

Intel

Intel CorporationIntel Corp.Intel Inside
Clone makers undersold IBM, while the profits went to chip makers like Intel or software houses like Microsoft.

Microsoft

Microsoft CorporationMicrosoft Corp.MS
Clone makers undersold IBM, while the profits went to chip makers like Intel or software houses like Microsoft.

Nobel Prize

NobelNobel laureateNobel Prizes
IBM employees have earned five Nobel Prizes, four Turing Awards, five National Medals of Technology, and five National Medals of Science.

Turing Award

ACM Turing AwardA.M. Turing AwardA. M. Turing Award
IBM employees have earned five Nobel Prizes, four Turing Awards, five National Medals of Technology, and five National Medals of Science.

National Medal of Technology and Innovation

National Medal of TechnologyNational Medals of TechnologyNational Medals of Technology and Innovation
IBM employees have earned five Nobel Prizes, four Turing Awards, five National Medals of Technology, and five National Medals of Science.

National Medal of Science

National Medals of ScienceU.S. National Medal of Science1976 President's National Medal of Science
IBM employees have earned five Nobel Prizes, four Turing Awards, five National Medals of Technology, and five National Medals of Science.