History of Somalia (1991–2006)

Anarchist SomaliaSomaliaanarchyAnarchy in SomaliaHistory of Somalia (1991-2006)transitioned to anarchy
Between the fall of Siad Barre's government in January 1991 and the establishment of the Transitional National Government in 2006 (succeeded by the Transitional Federal Government), there was no central government in Somalia.wikipedia
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Somali Democratic Republic

SomaliaDemocratic Republic of SomaliaCommunist Somalia
Between the fall of Siad Barre's government in January 1991 and the establishment of the Transitional National Government in 2006 (succeeded by the Transitional Federal Government), there was no central government in Somalia.
Barre's administration ruled Somalia for the next 21 years until Somalia collapsed into anarchy in 1991.

Somali Rebellion

Somali Revolutioncollapseoverthrow
Between the fall of Siad Barre's government in January 1991 and the establishment of the Transitional National Government in 2006 (succeeded by the Transitional Federal Government), there was no central government in Somalia.

Somali Civil War

civil warSomaliaSomalian Civil War
Between the fall of Siad Barre's government in January 1991 and the establishment of the Transitional National Government in 2006 (succeeded by the Transitional Federal Government), there was no central government in Somalia.

Advance of the Islamic Courts Union

Rise of the Islamic Courts UnionSomali Civil WarRise of the Islamic Courts
The intervention of Ethiopian government forces following the rise of the Islamic Courts Union, culminating in the latter's defeat in the Battle of Baidoa, allowed the TFG to expand its control under the protection of Ethiopian troops.

Benjamin Powell

Benjamin Powell argued that statelessness led to more order and less chaos than had the previous state, and economist Alex Tabarrok claimed that Somalia in its stateless period provided a "unique test of the theory of anarchy", in some aspects near of that espoused by anarcho-capitalists David D. Friedman and Murray Rothbard, although this is disputed by various anarchists, of both the capitalist and anti-capitalist varieties, who contend it is not anarchy, but merely chaos, perhaps resulting from unequal distribution of power and meddling by neighbors and developed nations like the United States.
He wrote a journal article along with Ryan Ford and Alex Nowrasteh comparing Somalia before and after it transitioned to anarchy.

Somali Civil War (2006–2009)

War in Somaliasecond phaseEthiopian invasion
The ICU was later overthrown by the Ethiopian military with the support of the United Nations, African Union, and the United States government.

Siad Barre

Mohamed Siad BarreMuhammad Siad BarreBarre
Between the fall of Siad Barre's government in January 1991 and the establishment of the Transitional National Government in 2006 (succeeded by the Transitional Federal Government), there was no central government in Somalia.

Transitional national government, Republic of Somalia

Transitional National GovernmentSomaliaTransitional National Charter
Between the fall of Siad Barre's government in January 1991 and the establishment of the Transitional National Government in 2006 (succeeded by the Transitional Federal Government), there was no central government in Somalia.

Transitional federal government, Republic of Somalia

Transitional Federal GovernmentTFGTFG coalition
Between the fall of Siad Barre's government in January 1991 and the establishment of the Transitional National Government in 2006 (succeeded by the Transitional Federal Government), there was no central government in Somalia.

Central government

national governmentfederalcentral
Between the fall of Siad Barre's government in January 1991 and the establishment of the Transitional National Government in 2006 (succeeded by the Transitional Federal Government), there was no central government in Somalia.

Puntland

Puntland State of SomaliaGeography of PuntlandClimate of Puntland
Large areas of the country such as Puntland and Galmudug were internationally unrecognized and administered as autonomous regions of Somalia, while forces in the northwest declared the Republic of Somaliland.

Galmudug

Galmudug State
Large areas of the country such as Puntland and Galmudug were internationally unrecognized and administered as autonomous regions of Somalia, while forces in the northwest declared the Republic of Somaliland.

States and regions of Somalia

autonomous regionRegional StateState
Large areas of the country such as Puntland and Galmudug were internationally unrecognized and administered as autonomous regions of Somalia, while forces in the northwest declared the Republic of Somaliland.

Mogadishu

Mogadishu, SomaliaMogadiscioMuqdisho
The remaining areas, including the capital Mogadishu, were divided into smaller territories ruled by competing faction leaders.

Rebellion

insurrectionrebeluprising
The remaining areas, including the capital Mogadishu, were divided into smaller territories ruled by competing faction leaders.

Somalia

SomaliFederal Republic of SomaliaSOM
Somalia has been cited as a real-world example of an anarchist stateless society and a country with no formal legal system.

Anarchism

anarchistanarchistsanarchistic
Somalia has been cited as a real-world example of an anarchist stateless society and a country with no formal legal system.

Stateless society

statelessstateless societiesfreedom from government
Somalia has been cited as a real-world example of an anarchist stateless society and a country with no formal legal system.

Baidoa

BaidoraBaydhabo
Before December 2006, the TFG controlled only the town of Baidoa, the sixth largest city.

Ethiopia

EthiopianAbyssiniaFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
The intervention of Ethiopian government forces following the rise of the Islamic Courts Union, culminating in the latter's defeat in the Battle of Baidoa, allowed the TFG to expand its control under the protection of Ethiopian troops. The ICU was later overthrown by the Ethiopian military with the support of the United Nations, African Union, and the United States government.

Battle of Baidoa

Baidoaoffensive
The intervention of Ethiopian government forces following the rise of the Islamic Courts Union, culminating in the latter's defeat in the Battle of Baidoa, allowed the TFG to expand its control under the protection of Ethiopian troops.

Alex Tabarrok

Alexander TabarrokTabarrok, Alexander
Benjamin Powell argued that statelessness led to more order and less chaos than had the previous state, and economist Alex Tabarrok claimed that Somalia in its stateless period provided a "unique test of the theory of anarchy", in some aspects near of that espoused by anarcho-capitalists David D. Friedman and Murray Rothbard, although this is disputed by various anarchists, of both the capitalist and anti-capitalist varieties, who contend it is not anarchy, but merely chaos, perhaps resulting from unequal distribution of power and meddling by neighbors and developed nations like the United States.

Anarchy

anarchicanarchistanarchists
Benjamin Powell argued that statelessness led to more order and less chaos than had the previous state, and economist Alex Tabarrok claimed that Somalia in its stateless period provided a "unique test of the theory of anarchy", in some aspects near of that espoused by anarcho-capitalists David D. Friedman and Murray Rothbard, although this is disputed by various anarchists, of both the capitalist and anti-capitalist varieties, who contend it is not anarchy, but merely chaos, perhaps resulting from unequal distribution of power and meddling by neighbors and developed nations like the United States.

Anarcho-capitalism

anarcho-capitalistanarcho-capitalistsAnarcho-capitalist literature
Benjamin Powell argued that statelessness led to more order and less chaos than had the previous state, and economist Alex Tabarrok claimed that Somalia in its stateless period provided a "unique test of the theory of anarchy", in some aspects near of that espoused by anarcho-capitalists David D. Friedman and Murray Rothbard, although this is disputed by various anarchists, of both the capitalist and anti-capitalist varieties, who contend it is not anarchy, but merely chaos, perhaps resulting from unequal distribution of power and meddling by neighbors and developed nations like the United States.

David D. Friedman

David FriedmanCariadoc of the BowDavid
Benjamin Powell argued that statelessness led to more order and less chaos than had the previous state, and economist Alex Tabarrok claimed that Somalia in its stateless period provided a "unique test of the theory of anarchy", in some aspects near of that espoused by anarcho-capitalists David D. Friedman and Murray Rothbard, although this is disputed by various anarchists, of both the capitalist and anti-capitalist varieties, who contend it is not anarchy, but merely chaos, perhaps resulting from unequal distribution of power and meddling by neighbors and developed nations like the United States.