History of Springfield, Massachusetts

many innovations developed thereSpringfield history
Springfield, Massachusetts, was founded in 1636 as Agawam Plantation, after a nearby village of Algonkian-speaking Native Americans.wikipedia
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Springfield, Massachusetts

SpringfieldSpringfield, MASpringfield, Mass
Springfield, Massachusetts, was founded in 1636 as Agawam Plantation, after a nearby village of Algonkian-speaking Native Americans.
Springfield has several nicknames – "The City of Firsts", due to the many innovations developed there, such as the first American dictionary, the first American gas-powered automobile, and the first machining lathe for interchangeable parts; "The City of Homes", due to its Victorian residential architecture; and "Hoop City", as basketball – one of the world's most popular sports – was invented in Springfield in 1891 by James Naismith.

Connecticut Colony

ConnecticutColony of ConnecticutProvince of Connecticut
It was the northernmost settlement of the Connecticut Colony.

Massachusetts Bay Colony

MassachusettsMassachusetts Bay CompanyMassachusetts Bay
The settlement defected from Connecticut after four years, however, later joining forces with the coastal Massachusetts Bay Colony.

New England

Southern New EnglandNorthern New EnglandNew England region
The town changed its name to Springfield, and changed the political boundaries among what later became New England states.

Boston

Boston, MassachusettsBoston, MABoston, United States
It was a Native American crossroad for two major trade routes: Boston-to-Albany and New York City-to-Montreal.

Albany, New York

AlbanyAlbany, NYCity
It was a Native American crossroad for two major trade routes: Boston-to-Albany and New York City-to-Montreal.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
It was a Native American crossroad for two major trade routes: Boston-to-Albany and New York City-to-Montreal.

Montreal

Montreal, QuebecMontréalMontreal, Canada
It was a Native American crossroad for two major trade routes: Boston-to-Albany and New York City-to-Montreal.

King Philip's War

King Phillips WarKing Philip’s WarKing Philips War
During 1675's King Philip's War, the English attempted to disarm and intimidate their Native neighbors, igniting a network of resistance that culminated in a massive attack against the city of Springfield that destroyed much of the city.

American Revolutionary War

Revolutionary WarAmerican War of IndependenceAmerican Revolution
Its prosperity waned for the next hundred years but, in 1777, Revolutionary War leaders made it a National Armory to store weapons, and in 1795 it began manufacturing muskets.

Firearm

small armsfirearmssmall-arms
Until 1968, the Armory made small arms.

M1 Garand

M1 Garand rifleM1 rifleM-1 rifle
Its first American muskets (1794) were followed by the famous Springfield rifle and the revolutionary M1 Garand and M14s.

M14 rifle

M14M-14M14A1
Its first American muskets (1794) were followed by the famous Springfield rifle and the revolutionary M1 Garand and M14s.

Precision engineering

precisionprecision engineerPrecision National Corporation
The Springfield Armory attracted generations of skilled laborers to the city, making it the United States' longtime center for precision manufacturing (comparable to a Silicon Valley of the Industrial Revolution).

Silicon Valley

Silicon Valley, CaliforniaSan JoseSan Francisco Bay Area technology industry
The Springfield Armory attracted generations of skilled laborers to the city, making it the United States' longtime center for precision manufacturing (comparable to a Silicon Valley of the Industrial Revolution).

Industrial Revolution

industrialindustrialismindustrial era
The Springfield Armory attracted generations of skilled laborers to the city, making it the United States' longtime center for precision manufacturing (comparable to a Silicon Valley of the Industrial Revolution).

Noah Webster

WebsterNoah Webster, Jr.American Spelling Book
Innovations in the 19th and 20th centuries include the first American English dictionary (1805, Noah Webster), the first use of interchangeable parts and the assembly line in manufacturing (1819, Thomas Blanchard), the first American horseless car (1825, again Thomas Blanchard), vulcanized rubber (1844, Charles Goodyear), the first American gasoline-powered car (1893, Duryea Brothers), the first American motorcycle company (1901, "Indian"), an early commercial radio station (1921, WBZ), and most famously, the world's third-most-popular sport of basketball (1891, Dr. James Naismith).

Interchangeable parts

interchangeableinterchangeabilityinterchangeability of parts
Innovations in the 19th and 20th centuries include the first American English dictionary (1805, Noah Webster), the first use of interchangeable parts and the assembly line in manufacturing (1819, Thomas Blanchard), the first American horseless car (1825, again Thomas Blanchard), vulcanized rubber (1844, Charles Goodyear), the first American gasoline-powered car (1893, Duryea Brothers), the first American motorcycle company (1901, "Indian"), an early commercial radio station (1921, WBZ), and most famously, the world's third-most-popular sport of basketball (1891, Dr. James Naismith).

Assembly line

assemblyassembly linesassembly-line
Innovations in the 19th and 20th centuries include the first American English dictionary (1805, Noah Webster), the first use of interchangeable parts and the assembly line in manufacturing (1819, Thomas Blanchard), the first American horseless car (1825, again Thomas Blanchard), vulcanized rubber (1844, Charles Goodyear), the first American gasoline-powered car (1893, Duryea Brothers), the first American motorcycle company (1901, "Indian"), an early commercial radio station (1921, WBZ), and most famously, the world's third-most-popular sport of basketball (1891, Dr. James Naismith).

Thomas Blanchard (inventor)

Thomas BlanchardBlanchardBlanchard lathes
Innovations in the 19th and 20th centuries include the first American English dictionary (1805, Noah Webster), the first use of interchangeable parts and the assembly line in manufacturing (1819, Thomas Blanchard), the first American horseless car (1825, again Thomas Blanchard), vulcanized rubber (1844, Charles Goodyear), the first American gasoline-powered car (1893, Duryea Brothers), the first American motorcycle company (1901, "Indian"), an early commercial radio station (1921, WBZ), and most famously, the world's third-most-popular sport of basketball (1891, Dr. James Naismith).

Vulcanization

vulcanizedvulcanized rubbervulcanisation
Innovations in the 19th and 20th centuries include the first American English dictionary (1805, Noah Webster), the first use of interchangeable parts and the assembly line in manufacturing (1819, Thomas Blanchard), the first American horseless car (1825, again Thomas Blanchard), vulcanized rubber (1844, Charles Goodyear), the first American gasoline-powered car (1893, Duryea Brothers), the first American motorcycle company (1901, "Indian"), an early commercial radio station (1921, WBZ), and most famously, the world's third-most-popular sport of basketball (1891, Dr. James Naismith).

Charles Goodyear

GoodyearGoodyear, Charles
Innovations in the 19th and 20th centuries include the first American English dictionary (1805, Noah Webster), the first use of interchangeable parts and the assembly line in manufacturing (1819, Thomas Blanchard), the first American horseless car (1825, again Thomas Blanchard), vulcanized rubber (1844, Charles Goodyear), the first American gasoline-powered car (1893, Duryea Brothers), the first American motorcycle company (1901, "Indian"), an early commercial radio station (1921, WBZ), and most famously, the world's third-most-popular sport of basketball (1891, Dr. James Naismith).

Duryea Brothers

Innovations in the 19th and 20th centuries include the first American English dictionary (1805, Noah Webster), the first use of interchangeable parts and the assembly line in manufacturing (1819, Thomas Blanchard), the first American horseless car (1825, again Thomas Blanchard), vulcanized rubber (1844, Charles Goodyear), the first American gasoline-powered car (1893, Duryea Brothers), the first American motorcycle company (1901, "Indian"), an early commercial radio station (1921, WBZ), and most famously, the world's third-most-popular sport of basketball (1891, Dr. James Naismith).

WBZ (AM)

WBZWBZ radioWBZ-AM
Innovations in the 19th and 20th centuries include the first American English dictionary (1805, Noah Webster), the first use of interchangeable parts and the assembly line in manufacturing (1819, Thomas Blanchard), the first American horseless car (1825, again Thomas Blanchard), vulcanized rubber (1844, Charles Goodyear), the first American gasoline-powered car (1893, Duryea Brothers), the first American motorcycle company (1901, "Indian"), an early commercial radio station (1921, WBZ), and most famously, the world's third-most-popular sport of basketball (1891, Dr. James Naismith).

Basketball

basketball playermen's basketballhigh school basketball
Innovations in the 19th and 20th centuries include the first American English dictionary (1805, Noah Webster), the first use of interchangeable parts and the assembly line in manufacturing (1819, Thomas Blanchard), the first American horseless car (1825, again Thomas Blanchard), vulcanized rubber (1844, Charles Goodyear), the first American gasoline-powered car (1893, Duryea Brothers), the first American motorcycle company (1901, "Indian"), an early commercial radio station (1921, WBZ), and most famously, the world's third-most-popular sport of basketball (1891, Dr. James Naismith).