History of agriculture

agricultureagricultural historydevelopment of agricultureplayed a key role in the history of world civilizationsrise of agricultureagricultural way of lifeagricultural landsinvention of agricultureagrarian historyfarmed
The history of agriculture records the domestication of plants and animals and the development and dissemination of techniques for raising them productively.wikipedia
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Agriculture

farmingagriculturalagriculturist
Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa.
The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years; people gathered wild grains at least 105,000 years ago and began to plant them around 11,500 years ago before they became domesticated.

Fertile Crescent

fertileMesopotamiathe Fertile Crescent
An example is the semi-tough rachis and larger seeds of cereals from just after the Younger Dryas (about 9500 BC) in the early Holocene in the Levant region of the Fertile Crescent.
The Fertile Crescent is a crescent-shaped region in the Middle East where agriculture and early human civilizations such as Sumer flourished.

Domestication

domesticateddomesticdomesticate
The history of agriculture records the domestication of plants and animals and the development and dissemination of techniques for raising them productively.
Agriculture developed in at least 11 different centres around the world, domesticating different crops and animals.

Mechanised agriculture

mechanical harvestingmechanization of agriculturemechanisation of agriculture
Since 1900, agriculture in the developed nations, and to a lesser extent in the developing world, has seen large rises in productivity as human labour has been replaced by mechanization, and assisted by synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and selective breeding.
The entire history of agriculture contains many examples of the use of tools, such as the hoe and the plough.

Rural history

rural and agricultural history
Rural history
Rural history emerged as a distinct discipline from Agricultural history in the 1980s and was inspired by the French Annales school which favoured integrating economic, social and political history.

Rachis

rachidesaxisrachidian
An example is the semi-tough rachis and larger seeds of cereals from just after the Younger Dryas (about 9500 BC) in the early Holocene in the Levant region of the Fertile Crescent.
This is significant in the history of agriculture, and referred to by archaeologists as a "brittle rachis", one type of shattering in crop plants.

Musa acuminata

M. acuminataappledessert banana
Banana cultivation of Musa acuminata, including hybridization, dates back to 5000 BC, and possibly to 8000 BC, in Papua New Guinea.
History of agriculture

Agriculture in China

agricultureagriculturalChina
Records from the Warring States, Qin Dynasty, and Han Dynasty provide a picture of early Chinese agriculture from the 5th century to 2nd century which included a nationwide granary system and widespread use of sericulture.
History of agriculture

Wang Zhen (inventor)

Wang ZhenNong Shu
The work and the style in which it was written proved influential on later Chinese agronomists, such as Wang Zhen and his groundbreaking Nong Shu of 1313.
History of Agriculture

Agriculture in ancient Greece

agricultureIn ancient GreeceAncient Greek agriculture
Agriculture in ancient Greece was hindered by the topography of mainland Greece that only allowed for roughly 10% of the land to be cultivated properly, necessitating the specialized exportation of oil and wine and importation of grains from Thrace (centered in what is now Bulgaria) and the Greek colonies of southern Russia.
History of agriculture

Agriculture in ancient Rome

agriculturefarmingRomans
In the Greco-Roman world of Classical antiquity, Roman agriculture was built on techniques originally pioneered by the Sumerians, transmitted to them by subsequent cultures, with a specific emphasis on the cultivation of crops for trade and export.
History of agriculture

Plough

plowploughingplowing
Archeological evidence of an animal-drawn plough dates back to 2500 BC in the Indus Valley Civilization.
History of agriculture

History of cotton

cottoncotton productionHistory of cotton (section Civil War)
History of cotton
History of agriculture

History of the potato

between 8000 and 5000 BCincorporation of the potatofirst cultivated
History of the potato
History of agriculture

Economic history of China before 1912

China tradetradeeconomy of China shrank drastically
Neolithic agriculture had developed in China by roughly 8,000.

Intensive farming

intensive agricultureintensivecommercial agriculture
This contrasts with traditional agriculture, in which the inputs per unit land are lower.

History of agricultural science

The history of agricultural science is a sub-field of the history of agriculture which looks at the scientific advancement of techniques and understanding of agriculture.

Vegetable farming

vegetable growingvegetable farmvegetable
Originally, vegetables were collected from the wild by hunter-gatherers and entered cultivation in several parts of the world, probably during the period 10,000 BC to 7,000 BC, when a new agricultural way of life developed.

Ancient Egyptian agriculture

Nile River valley for agriculturefertile banksagriculture
Egyptians are credited as being one of the first groups of people to practice agriculture on a large scale.

François Chevalier

Chevalier, François
It is a classic and pioneering work on agrarian history in colonial Mexico, a point of departure for later studies of Mexican haciendas sparking a discussion on whether they were fundamentally feudal or capitalist.

Vegetable

vegetablessalad vegetablewild vegetables
Originally, vegetables were collected from the wild by hunter-gatherers and entered cultivation in several parts of the world, probably during the period 10,000 BC to 7,000 BC, when a new agricultural way of life developed.

Brzeg

BriegBrzeg (Brieg)Brieg (Brzeg)
The earliest signs of agriculture come around during the Neolithic Era (4200–1700 BC).