History of baseball in the United States

steroid eramodern erawhere the modern version developedbaseball historyBaseball in the United Stateshistorianof the modern eraAmerican baseballAmerican professional baseball historybaseball
The history of baseball in the United States can be traced to the 19th century, when amateurs played a baseball-like game by their own informal rules using homemade equipment.wikipedia
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Baseball

playerbaseball playerbaseball team
The history of baseball in the United States can be traced to the 19th century, when amateurs played a baseball-like game by their own informal rules using homemade equipment.
This game was brought by immigrants to North America, where the modern version developed.

Commissioner of Baseball

CommissionerBaseball Commissionerorganized baseball
However, the damage to the reputation of the sport of baseball led the team owners to appoint Federal judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis to be the first Commissioner of Baseball.
The National Commission was the ruling body of professional baseball starting with the National Agreement of 1903, which made peace between the National League and the American League (see History of baseball in the United States).

Major League Baseball

MLBMajor LeagueMajor Leagues
In the late 1990s, functions that had been administered separately by the two major leagues' administrations were united under the rubric of Major League Baseball.
In the 1860s, aided by soldiers playing the game in camp during the Civil War, "New York"-style baseball expanded into a national game and spawned baseball's first governing body, The National Association of Base Ball Players.

Baseball color line

color linecolor barrierintegration
At the same time, a gentlemen's agreement was struck between the clubs to exclude non-white players from professional baseball, a bar that remained until 1947.

National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

Baseball Hall of FameNational Baseball Hall of FameHall of Fame
In 1936 the Baseball Hall of Fame was instituted and five players elected: Ty Cobb, Walter Johnson, Christy Mathewson, Babe Ruth and Honus Wagner.
It serves as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, displays baseball-related artifacts and exhibits, and honors those who have excelled in playing, managing, and serving the sport.

Bunt (baseball)

buntbuntingbunter
As a consequence, home runs were rare, and the "inside game" dominated—singles, bunts, stolen bases, the hit-and-run play, and other tactics dominated the strategies of the time.
The bunt has enjoyed periodic waves of popularity throughout baseball history, coinciding with the periodic shifts of dominance between pitching and hitting over the decades.

San Francisco Giants

GiantsNew York GiantsSan Francisco
McGwire's record of 70 would last a mere three years following the meteoric rise of veteran San Francisco Giants left fielder Barry Bonds in 2001.
As one of the longest-established and most successful professional baseball teams, the franchise has won the most games of any team in the history of American baseball.

Pitch count

pitchescountednumber of pitches thrown
Another major change that had been occurring during this time was the adoption of the pitch count.
Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Dennis Eckersley said hitters are "bigger, stronger, better, and they hit better. And parks are smaller now, let alone the steroid era."

1998 Major League Baseball home run record chase

1998broke Roger Maris' single-season home run recordchase
In 1998, St. Louis Cardinals first baseman Mark McGwire and Chicago Cubs outfielder Sammy Sosa engaged in a home run race for the ages.
The Sosa-McGwire home run chase occurred during the steroid era.

Pedro Martínez

MartínezPedro MartinezPedro
Since the 1990s, the changeup has made a resurgence, being thrown masterfully by pitchers such as Tim Lincecum, Pedro Martínez, Trevor Hoffman, Greg Maddux, Matt Cain, Tom Glavine, Johan Santana, Marco Estrada, Justin Verlander and Cole Hamels.
He dominated while pitching most often in a hitter-friendly ballpark and facing some of the toughest competition during the steroid era, which is generally thought to have favored batters.

Juiced ball theory

juicedJuiced balljuiced balls" theory
The factors cited are: smaller sized ballparks than in the past, the "juiced balls" theory claiming that the balls are wound tighter thus travel further following contact with the bat, "watered down pitching" implying that lesser quality pitchers are up in the Major Leagues due to too many teams.
During the 2017 MLB season, a record-breaking 6,105 home runs were hit by the league, surpassing the record of 5,693 set in 2000, during the height of the steroid era.

Semi-professional sports

semi-professionalsemi-prosemipro
The popularity of the sport inspired the semi-professional national baseball clubs in the 1860s.

Pittsfield, Massachusetts

PittsfieldPittsfield, MAPittsfield, Mass
The earliest mention of baseball in the U.S was a 1791 Pittsfield, Massachusetts, ordinance banning the playing of baseball within 80 yd of the town meeting house.

Henry Chadwick (writer)

Henry ChadwickHenrick Chadwick
In 1903, the British sportswriter Henry Chadwick published an article speculating that baseball derived from a British game called rounders, which Chadwick had played as a boy in England.

Rounders

Beach roundersGAA version of rounders
In 1903, the British sportswriter Henry Chadwick published an article speculating that baseball derived from a British game called rounders, which Chadwick had played as a boy in England.

Abner Doubleday

DoubledayDoubleday, Abner
The commission, which also included six other sports executives, labored for three years, after which it declared that Abner Doubleday invented the national pastime.

Doubleday myth

mythAbner Doubledayapocryphally credited with inventing baseball
But 15 years after his death, he was anointed as the father of the game", writes baseball historian John Thorn. The myth about Doubleday inventing the game of baseball actually came from a Colorado mining engineer. Another early reference reports that base ball was regularly played on Saturdays in 1823 on the outskirts of New York City in an area that today is Greenwich Village.

Colorado

State of ColoradoCOColorado, USA
But 15 years after his death, he was anointed as the father of the game", writes baseball historian John Thorn. The myth about Doubleday inventing the game of baseball actually came from a Colorado mining engineer. Another early reference reports that base ball was regularly played on Saturdays in 1823 on the outskirts of New York City in an area that today is Greenwich Village.

Greenwich Village

Greenwich Village, New YorkGreenwich Village Historic DistrictGreenwich Village, Manhattan
But 15 years after his death, he was anointed as the father of the game", writes baseball historian John Thorn. The myth about Doubleday inventing the game of baseball actually came from a Colorado mining engineer. Another early reference reports that base ball was regularly played on Saturdays in 1823 on the outskirts of New York City in an area that today is Greenwich Village.

New York Knickerbockers

Knickerbocker Base Ball ClubKnickerbockersNew York Knickerbocker
The first team to play baseball under modern rules was long believed to be the New York Knickerbockers.

William Wheaton

William R. Wheaton
The club's by-laws committee, which included William R. Wheaton and William H. Tucker, formulated the Knickerbocker Rules, which in large part dealt with organizational matters but which also laid out rules for playing the game.

William H. Tucker (baseball)

William H. Tucker
The club's by-laws committee, which included William R. Wheaton and William H. Tucker, formulated the Knickerbocker Rules, which in large part dealt with organizational matters but which also laid out rules for playing the game.

Kickball

kick ballWestcoast Kickball
One of the significant rules prohibited soaking or plugging the runner; under older rules, a fielder could put a runner out by hitting the runner with the thrown ball, similarly to the common schoolyard game of kickball.

Elysian Fields, Hoboken, New Jersey

Elysian FieldsElysian Fields, HobokenHoboken's Elysian Fields
Writing the rules did not help the Knickerbockers in the first known competitive game between two clubs under the new rules, played at Elysian Fields in Hoboken, New Jersey on June 19, 1846.

Hoboken, New Jersey

HobokenHoboken, NJHoboken, N.J.
Writing the rules did not help the Knickerbockers in the first known competitive game between two clubs under the new rules, played at Elysian Fields in Hoboken, New Jersey on June 19, 1846.