History of climate change science

climate change scienceglobal warming
The history of the scientific discovery of climate change began in the early 19th century when ice ages and other natural changes in paleoclimate were first suspected and the natural greenhouse effect first identified.wikipedia
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Climate change

climatic changeclimatechanging climate
Many other theories of climate change were advanced, involving forces from volcanism to solar variation.
In 1815 Jean-Pierre Perraudin described for the first time how glaciers might be responsible for the giant boulders seen in alpine valleys.

Global warming

climate changeglobal climate changeanthropogenic climate change
By the 1990s, as a result of improving fidelity of computer models and observational work confirming the Milankovitch theory of the ice ages, a consensus position formed: greenhouse gases were deeply involved in most climate changes and human-caused emissions were bringing discernible global warming.
The history of climate change science began in the early 19th century when ice ages and other natural changes in paleoclimate were first suspected and the natural greenhouse effect first identified.

Eunice Newton Foote

Eunice (née Newton) FooteEunice Newton
Eunice Newton Foote studied the warming effect of the sun, including how this warming was increased by the presence of carbonic acid gas (carbon dioxide), and suggested that the surface of an Earth whose atmosphere was rich in this gas would have a higher temperature.
History of climate change science

Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin

Thomas ChamberlinThomas C. ChamberlinChamberlin
In 1899 Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin developed at length the idea that changes in climate could result from changes in the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide.
History of climate change science

Svante Arrhenius

ArrheniusSvante August ArrheniusArrhenius, Svante August
In 1896, Swedish scientist, Svante Arrhenius, used Langley's observations of increased infrared absorption where Moon rays pass through the atmosphere at a low angle, encountering more carbon dioxide, to estimate an atmospheric cooling effect from a future decrease of.
History of climate change science

Guy Stewart Callendar

Guy Callendar
In 1938 a British engineer, Guy Stewart Callendar, attempted to revive Arrhenius's greenhouse-effect theory.
*History of climate change science

Milutin Milanković

MilankovitchMilankovićMilanković, Milutin
Meanwhile, the Serbian engineer Milutin Milankovitch, building on James Croll's theory, improved the tedious calculations of the varying distances and angles of the Sun's radiation as the Sun and Moon gradually perturbed the Earth's orbit.
History of climate change science

Historical climatology

historical documentshistoricalclimatic deterioration
Historical climatology
History of climate change science

Greenhouse effect

greenhouse warminggreenhousegreenhouse gases
The history of the scientific discovery of climate change began in the early 19th century when ice ages and other natural changes in paleoclimate were first suspected and the natural greenhouse effect first identified.

Climate

climaticclimate systemclimates
In the late 19th century, scientists first argued that human emissions of greenhouse gases could change the climate.

Volcanism

volcanicvolcanic activityvulcanism
Many other theories of climate change were advanced, involving forces from volcanism to solar variation. Climate change is caused by factors that include oceanic processes (such as oceanic circulation), biotic processes (e.g., plants), variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics and volcanic eruptions, and human-induced alterations of the natural world.

Carbon dioxide

CO 2 CO2carbon dioxide (CO 2 )
In 1896, Swedish scientist, Svante Arrhenius, used Langley's observations of increased infrared absorption where Moon rays pass through the atmosphere at a low angle, encountering more carbon dioxide, to estimate an atmospheric cooling effect from a future decrease of. In the 1960s, the warming effect of carbon dioxide gas became increasingly convincing.

Computer simulation

computer modelsimulationcomputer modeling
By the 1990s, as a result of improving fidelity of computer models and observational work confirming the Milankovitch theory of the ice ages, a consensus position formed: greenhouse gases were deeply involved in most climate changes and human-caused emissions were bringing discernible global warming.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPCCIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)International Panel on Climate Change
Research during this period has been summarized in the Assessment Reports by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Effects of global warming

effects of climate changeimpacts of climate changeeffects
It may be a change in average weather conditions, or in the distribution of weather around the average conditions (such as more or fewer extreme weather events).

Solar irradiance

solar radiationinsolationsolar insolation
Climate change is caused by factors that include oceanic processes (such as oceanic circulation), biotic processes (e.g., plants), variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics and volcanic eruptions, and human-induced alterations of the natural world.

Plate tectonics

tectonic platetectonic platesplate tectonic
Climate change is caused by factors that include oceanic processes (such as oceanic circulation), biotic processes (e.g., plants), variations in solar radiation received by Earth, plate tectonics and volcanic eruptions, and human-induced alterations of the natural world.

Theophrastus

character studyCharactersCharacters'' (Theophrastus)
For example, Theophrastus, a pupil of Aristotle, told how the draining of marshes had made a particular locality more susceptible to freezing, and speculated that lands became warmer when the clearing of forests exposed them to sunlight.

Aristotle

AristotelianAristotelianismAristote
For example, Theophrastus, a pupil of Aristotle, told how the draining of marshes had made a particular locality more susceptible to freezing, and speculated that lands became warmer when the clearing of forests exposed them to sunlight.

Vitruvius

VitruvianMarcus Vitruvius PollioMarcus P. Vitruvius
Vitruvius, in the first century BC, wrote about climate in relation to housing architecture and how to choose locations for cities.

Geologic time scale

geologic timescalegeologic timeperiod
By the late 18th century, geologists found evidence of a succession of geological ages with changes in climate.

James Hutton

HuttonHutton, JamesDr. James Hutton
There were various competing theories about these changes, and James Hutton, whose ideas of cyclic change over huge periods of time were later dubbed uniformitarianism, was among those who found signs of past glacial activity in places too warm for glaciers in modern times.

Uniformitarianism

uniformitarianuniformity of natureprinciple of Uniformitarianism
There were various competing theories about these changes, and James Hutton, whose ideas of cyclic change over huge periods of time were later dubbed uniformitarianism, was among those who found signs of past glacial activity in places too warm for glaciers in modern times.

Glacier

glaciersglacialglaciated
There were various competing theories about these changes, and James Hutton, whose ideas of cyclic change over huge periods of time were later dubbed uniformitarianism, was among those who found signs of past glacial activity in places too warm for glaciers in modern times.

Bagnes

BrusonVersegèresBagnes-Montagnier
As he hiked in the Val de Bagnes, he noticed giant granite rocks that were scattered around the narrow valley.