History of conservatism in the United States

conservativesConservatism
Except briefly in the 1860s-1870s, in the United States there has never been a national political party called the Conservative Party.wikipedia
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Republicanism in the United States

republicanismRepublicanAmerican republicanism
All major American political parties support republicanism and the basic classical liberal ideals on which the country was founded in 1776, emphasizing liberty, the pursuit of happiness, the rule of law, the consent of the governed, opposition to aristocracy, and fear of corruption, coupled with equal rights.

Classical liberalism

classical liberalliberalclassical liberals
All major American political parties support republicanism and the basic classical liberal ideals on which the country was founded in 1776, emphasizing liberty, the pursuit of happiness, the rule of law, the consent of the governed, opposition to aristocracy, and fear of corruption, coupled with equal rights.

Consent of the governed

consentcommon consentconsent of the Chinese people
All major American political parties support republicanism and the basic classical liberal ideals on which the country was founded in 1776, emphasizing liberty, the pursuit of happiness, the rule of law, the consent of the governed, opposition to aristocracy, and fear of corruption, coupled with equal rights.

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary FranceRevolutionary
Political divisions inside the United States often seemed minor or trivial to Europeans, where the divide between the Left and the Right led to violent polarization, starting with the French Revolution.

Laissez-faire

laissez fairelaissez-faire capitalismlaissez-faire economics
Although the laissez-faire policy goals of American conservatives have never been popular, historian Patrick Allitt expresses the difference between liberal and conservative in terms not of policy but of attitude.

Patrick Allitt

Allitt, Patrick
Although the laissez-faire policy goals of American conservatives have never been popular, historian Patrick Allitt expresses the difference between liberal and conservative in terms not of policy but of attitude.

Conservative Party of New York State

ConservativeConservative PartyConservative Party of New York
However, since 1962 there has been a small Conservative Party of New York State.

Thirteen Colonies

American coloniescoloniescolonial
The conservatism that prevailed in the Thirteen Colonies before 1776 was of a very different character than the conservatism that emerged based on revolutionary principles.

Loyalist (American Revolution)

LoyalistLoyalistsTories
This old conservatism centered on a landed elite and on an urban merchant class that was Loyalist during the Revolution.

American Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary WarRevolutionary
This old conservatism centered on a landed elite and on an urban merchant class that was Loyalist during the Revolution.

Church of England

AnglicanChurchC of E
At the local level, Church of England parishes handled many local affairs, and they in turn were controlled not by the minister, but rather by a closed circle of rich landowners who comprised the parish vestry.

Aristocracy

aristocraticaristocrataristocrats
In actual practice, colonial Virginia never had a bishop to represent God nor a hereditary aristocracy with titles like "duke" or "baron".

List of colonial governors of Virginia

Governor of VirginiaColonial Governor of Virginiaroyal governor
However it did have a royal governor appointed by the British Crown, as well as a powerful landed gentry.

The Crown

British CrownCrownAustralian Crown
However it did have a royal governor appointed by the British Crown, as well as a powerful landed gentry.

Landed gentry

landownergentrylanded
However it did have a royal governor appointed by the British Crown, as well as a powerful landed gentry.

Primogeniture

agnatic primogenitureabsolute primogenituremale-preference primogeniture
He targeted laws such as entail and primogeniture by which the oldest son inherited all the land.

Fee tail

entailOrdynatentailed
He targeted laws such as entail and primogeniture by which the oldest son inherited all the land.

Plantation

plantationscotton plantationsugar plantation
As a result, increasingly large plantations, worked by white tenant farmers and by black slaves, gained in size and wealth and political power in the eastern ("Tidewater") tobacco areas.

Tenant farmer

tenant farmerstenant farmingtenant
As a result, increasingly large plantations, worked by white tenant farmers and by black slaves, gained in size and wealth and political power in the eastern ("Tidewater") tobacco areas.

Slavery in the colonial United States

slavesslaveslavery
As a result, increasingly large plantations, worked by white tenant farmers and by black slaves, gained in size and wealth and political power in the eastern ("Tidewater") tobacco areas.

Tidewater (region)

TidewaterTidewater regionTidewater region of Virginia
As a result, increasingly large plantations, worked by white tenant farmers and by black slaves, gained in size and wealth and political power in the eastern ("Tidewater") tobacco areas.

Upper Canada

UpperProvince of Upper CanadaUpper Canadian
(They introduced primogeniture in Upper Canada (southern Ontario) in 1792, and it lasted until 1851.

Russell Kirk

Kirk, RussellThe Conservative MindRussell Amos Kirk
Russell Kirk saw the American Revolution itself as "a conservative reaction, in the English political tradition, against royal innovation".

Robert Nisbet

Robert A. NisbetNisbet, Robert A.Nisbet, Robert
Robert Nisbet, a leading conservative intellectual stressed the conservative nature of the American Revolution in contrast to the extreme passions and much greater violence of other revolutions, especially the French Revolution.

British Empire

BritishEmpireBritain
However, wealthy merchants involved in international trade, royal officials, and patronage holders typically enjoyed close ties across the British Empire.