History of meditation

antiquity
The practice of meditation is of prehistoric origin, and is found throughout history, especially in religious contexts.wikipedia
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Meditation

meditativemeditatemeditating
The practice of meditation is of prehistoric origin, and is found throughout history, especially in religious contexts.
Meditation has been practiced since antiquity in numerous religious traditions, often as part of the path towards enlightenment and self realization.

Buddhism in the West

Western Buddhismin the WestWestern Buddhist
By the 18th century, the study of Buddhism in the West was a topic for intellectuals.

History of religion

history of religionsreligious historyhistorian of religion
The practice of meditation is of prehistoric origin, and is found throughout history, especially in religious contexts.

Taoism

TaoistDaoistDaoism
Around the 6th to 5th centuries BCE, other forms of meditation developed in Taoist China and Buddhist India.

Early Buddhism

early BuddhistEarlyBuddhism
Around the 6th to 5th centuries BCE, other forms of meditation developed in Taoist China and Buddhist India. Dhyana in early Buddhism also takes influence on Vedanta by ca.

Dhyāna in Buddhism

jhanadhyānadhyana
Dhyana in early Buddhism also takes influence on Vedanta by ca.

Buddhism

BuddhistBuddhistsBuddhadharma
The exact origins of Buddhist meditation are subject to debate among scholars. Early written records of the multiple levels and states of meditation in Buddhism in India are found in the sutras of the Pāli Canon, which dates to 1st century BCE.

India

IndianRepublic of IndiaIND
Early written records of the multiple levels and states of meditation in Buddhism in India are found in the sutras of the Pāli Canon, which dates to 1st century BCE.

Sutra

sūtrasutrassutta
Early written records of the multiple levels and states of meditation in Buddhism in India are found in the sutras of the Pāli Canon, which dates to 1st century BCE.

Pāli Canon

Pali CanoncanonicalTipiṭaka
Early written records of the multiple levels and states of meditation in Buddhism in India are found in the sutras of the Pāli Canon, which dates to 1st century BCE.

Vimalakirti Sutra

Vimalakīrti Nirdeśa SūtraVimalakīrti SūtraVimalakirti
By the time Buddhism was spreading in China, the Vimalakirti Sutra which dates to 100CE included a number of passages on meditation and enlightened wisdom, clearly pointing to Zen.

Zen

Zen BuddhismZen BuddhistChan
By the time Buddhism was spreading in China, the Vimalakirti Sutra which dates to 100CE included a number of passages on meditation and enlightened wisdom, clearly pointing to Zen. Bodhidharma is traditionally considered the transmitter of the concept of Zen to China.

Philo

Philo of AlexandriaPhilo JudaeusPhilo Judaeus of Alexandria
In the west, by 20 BCE Philo of Alexandria had written on some form of "spiritual exercises" involving attention (prosoche) and concentration and by the 3rd century Plotinus had developed meditative techniques, which however did not attract a following among Christian meditators.

Plotinus

PlotinianPlotinPlotino
In the west, by 20 BCE Philo of Alexandria had written on some form of "spiritual exercises" involving attention (prosoche) and concentration and by the 3rd century Plotinus had developed meditative techniques, which however did not attract a following among Christian meditators.

Augustine of Hippo

AugustineSt. AugustineSaint Augustine
Saint Augustine experimented with the methods of Plotinus and failed to achieve ecstasy.

Silk Road transmission of Buddhism

Buddhismspread of Buddhismtransmission of Buddhism
The Silk Road transmission of Buddhism introduced meditation to other oriental countries.

Bodhidharma

DarumaBodhidarmaDamo
Bodhidharma is traditionally considered the transmitter of the concept of Zen to China.

Zhiyi

Chih-iThree Thousand Realms in a Single Moment of LifeChi-h
However, the first "original school" in East Asia was founded by his contemporary Zhiyi in the 6th century in central China.

Wonhyo

Wonhyo DaisaSeol Sa (Won Hyo)Wōnhyo
Wonhyo and Uisang promoted Korean Buddhism in the 7th century.

Uisang

Ûisang
Wonhyo and Uisang promoted Korean Buddhism in the 7th century.

Korean Buddhism

BuddhismKorean BuddhistBuddhist
Wonhyo and Uisang promoted Korean Buddhism in the 7th century.

Judaism

JewishJewsJudaic
There is evidence that Judaism has inherited meditative practices from its predecessor traditions in Israelite antiquity.

Torah

PentateuchLawWritten Torah
For instance, in the Torah, the patriarch Isaac is described as going "lasuach" in the field - a term understood by most commentators as some type of meditative practice (Genesis 24:63).

Isaac

SonYitzchak/IsaacIsak
For instance, in the Torah, the patriarch Isaac is described as going "lasuach" in the field - a term understood by most commentators as some type of meditative practice (Genesis 24:63).

Book of Genesis

GenesisGen.The Book of Genesis
For instance, in the Torah, the patriarch Isaac is described as going "lasuach" in the field - a term understood by most commentators as some type of meditative practice (Genesis 24:63).