History of natural language processing

The history of natural language processing describes the advances of natural language processing (Outline of natural language processing).wikipedia
73 Related Articles

Natural language processing

NLPnatural languagenatural-language processing
The history of natural language processing describes the advances of natural language processing (Outline of natural language processing).
The history of natural language processing (NLP) generally started in the 1950s, although work can be found from earlier periods.

History of machine translation

Georges Artsrouni
There is some overlap with the history of machine translation, the history of speech recognition, and the history of artificial intelligence.

History of artificial intelligence

21st CenturyDartmouth Conferencehistory of AI
There is some overlap with the history of machine translation, the history of speech recognition, and the history of artificial intelligence.

PARRY

During this time, many chatterbots were written including PARRY, Racter, and Jabberwacky.
*History of natural language processing

Cache language model

The cache language models upon which many speech recognition systems now rely are examples of such statistical models.

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

LeibnizGottfried LeibnizGottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz
The history of machine translation dates back to the seventeenth century, when philosophers such as Leibniz and Descartes put forward proposals for codes which would relate words between languages.

René Descartes

DescartesCartesianRene Descartes
The history of machine translation dates back to the seventeenth century, when philosophers such as Leibniz and Descartes put forward proposals for codes which would relate words between languages.

Punched tape

paper tapepunched paper tapepunch tape
One proposal, by Georges Artsrouni was simply an automatic bilingual dictionary using paper tape.

Peter Petrovich Troyanskii

Peter Troyanskii
The other proposal, by Peter Troyanskii, a Russian, was more detailed.

Russians

RussianRussian peopleethnic Russian
The other proposal, by Peter Troyanskii, a Russian, was more detailed.

Esperanto

EsperantistEsperanto languageEsperantists
It included both the bilingual dictionary, and a method for dealing with grammatical roles between languages, based on Esperanto.

Alan Turing

TuringAlan M. TuringAlan Mathison Turing
In 1950, Alan Turing published his famous article "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" which proposed what is now called the Turing test as a criterion of intelligence.

Computing Machinery and Intelligence

Alan Turing's "polite conventionlandmark paper
In 1950, Alan Turing published his famous article "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" which proposed what is now called the Turing test as a criterion of intelligence.

Turing test

Imitation GameTuringsounds as if it has been written by a person
In 1950, Alan Turing published his famous article "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" which proposed what is now called the Turing test as a criterion of intelligence.

Noam Chomsky

ChomskyChomsky, NoamChomskyan
In 1957, Noam Chomsky’s Syntactic Structures revolutionized Linguistics with 'universal grammar', a rule based system of syntactic structures.

Syntactic Structures

his previous worksyntax
In 1957, Noam Chomsky’s Syntactic Structures revolutionized Linguistics with 'universal grammar', a rule based system of syntactic structures.

Universal grammar

linguistic nativismnativismuniversal
In 1957, Noam Chomsky’s Syntactic Structures revolutionized Linguistics with 'universal grammar', a rule based system of syntactic structures.

Georgetown–IBM experiment

Georgetown-IBM experimentGeorgetown experimentGeorgetown
The Georgetown experiment in 1954 involved fully automatic translation of more than sixty Russian sentences into English.

ALPAC

ALPAC reportAutomatic Language Processing Advisory Committee
However, real progress was much slower, and after the ALPAC report in 1966, which found that ten years long research had failed to fulfill the expectations, funding for machine translation was dramatically reduced.

Statistical machine translation

statisticalstatistical models for machine translationcorpus-based MT
Little further research in machine translation was conducted until the late 1980s, when the first statistical machine translation systems were developed.

SHRDLU

Some notably successful NLP systems developed in the 1960s were SHRDLU, a natural language system working in restricted "blocks worlds" with restricted vocabularies.

Blocks world

block world
Some notably successful NLP systems developed in the 1960s were SHRDLU, a natural language system working in restricted "blocks worlds" with restricted vocabularies.

Roger Schank

Roger C. SchankSchank, Roger
In 1969 Roger Schank introduced the conceptual dependency theory for natural language understanding.

Conceptual dependency theory

conceptual transitions
In 1969 Roger Schank introduced the conceptual dependency theory for natural language understanding.

Sydney Lamb

Lamb, Sydney MacDonaldSidney Lamb
This model, partially influenced by the work of Sydney Lamb, was extensively used by Schank's students at Yale University, such as Robert Wilensky, Wendy Lehnert, and Janet Kolodner.