History of slavery in Vermont
Among the first places to abolish slavery by constitutional dictum.- History of slavery in Vermont
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State in the New England region of the United States.
The Vermont Republic abolished slavery before any of the other states.
Independent state in New England that existed from January 15, 1777, to March 4, 1791.
The delegates also forbade slavery within their republic.
Article IV, Section 2, Clause 3, which requires a "person held to service or labor" who flees to another state to be returned to their master in the state from which that person escaped.
This was due at least in part to the fact that by 1787 only Vermont and Massachusetts had outlawed or effectively outlawed slavery.
Drafted in July 1777, almost five months after Vermont declared itself an independent country, now frequently called the Vermont Republic.
The first article declared that "all men are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent and unalienable rights, amongst which are the enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and pursuing and obtaining happiness and safety," echoing the famous phrases in the Declaration of Independence that declared that "all men are created equal" and possess "inalienable rights," including "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." The article went on to declare that because of these principles, "no male person, born in this country, or brought from over sea, ought to be holden by law, to serve any person, as a servant, slave or apprentice, after he arrives to the age of twenty-one Years, nor female, in like manner, after she arrives to the age of eighteen years, unless they are bound by their own consent." While this was the first such partial ban on slavery in the New World, it was not strongly enforced and slavery in the state persisted for at least another sixty years. See also History of slavery in Vermont.
Sometimes spelled "Jacobs", and his birth date is sometimes incorrectly given as 1754) was an attorney, politician, and judge during Vermont's years as an independent republic and the early years of its statehood.
During Vermont's early history a small number of African American individuals seem to have been illegally bought and sold by some of its white settlers.
Someone forbidden to quit their service for an enslaver, and who is treated by the enslaver as their property.
In 1777, Vermont, at the time an independent nation, became the first portion of what would become the United States to abolish slavery.
The geologic history of Vermont begins more than 450 million years ago during the Cambrian and Devonian periods.
(See also History of slavery in Vermont.) The tavern has been preserved as the Old Constitution House, administered as a state historic site.
Founded in 1838 to preserve and record the cultural history of the US state of Vermont.
The Vermont Historical Society also publishes books and exhibition catalogs on aspects of Vermont history, such as Freedom & Unity, The Problem of Slavery in Early Vermont, 1777–1810, by Harvey Amani Whitfield; The Vermont Difference, published with the Woodstock Foundation; and Moses Robinson and the Founding of Vermont'', by Robert A. Mello, which focus on important aspects of Vermont history.
Slavery in Vermont
Alphabetical list of articles related to the U.S. state of Vermont.
Slavery in Vermont