History of the Conservative Party (UK)

Conservative Partyhistorian of the Conservative PartyHistory of the British Conservative PartyHistory of the Conservative Partymodern Conservative Party
The Conservative Party (also known as Tories) is the oldest political party in the United Kingdom and arguably the world.wikipedia
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Benjamin Disraeli

DisraeliLord BeaconsfieldBenjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield
Widening of the franchise in the 19th century led the party to popularise its approach, especially under Benjamin Disraeli, whose Reform Act of 1867 greatly increased the electorate.
He played a central role in the creation of the modern Conservative Party, defining its policies and its broad outreach.

List of political parties in the United Kingdom

Partypolitical party in the United Kingdompolitical party
The Conservative Party (also known as Tories) is the oldest political party in the United Kingdom and arguably the world.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The Conservative Party (also known as Tories) is the oldest political party in the United Kingdom and arguably the world.

Tory

ToriesToryismConservative
The current party was first organised in the 1830s and the name "Conservative" was officially adopted, but the party is still often referred to as the Tory party (not least because newspaper editors find it a convenient shorthand when space is limited).

Reform Act 1832

Great Reform ActReform Act of 1832Reform Act
The Tories had been a coalition that more often than not formed the government from 1760 until the Reform Act 1832.

Reform Act 1867

Second Reform ActRepresentation of the People Act 1867Reform Act of 1867
Widening of the franchise in the 19th century led the party to popularise its approach, especially under Benjamin Disraeli, whose Reform Act of 1867 greatly increased the electorate.

Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberals
After 1886, the Conservatives allied with the part of the Liberal Party known as the Liberal Unionists who opposed their party's support for Irish Home Rule and together they held office for all but three of the following twenty years.

Liberal Unionist Party

Liberal UnionistLiberal UnionistsUnionist
After 1886, the Conservatives allied with the part of the Liberal Party known as the Liberal Unionists who opposed their party's support for Irish Home Rule and together they held office for all but three of the following twenty years.

Arthur Balfour

BalfourLord BalfourA.J. Balfour
Lord Salisbury's and Arthur Balfour's governments between 1895 and 1906 were given the name of "Unionist".

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
The Conservative Party (also known as Tories) is the oldest political party in the United Kingdom and arguably the world.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
The First World War saw the formation of an all-party coalition government and for four years after the armistice the Unionist Party remained in coalition with the Lloyd George Liberals.

National Liberal Party (UK, 1922)

National LiberalNational Liberal PartyNational Liberals
The First World War saw the formation of an all-party coalition government and for four years after the armistice the Unionist Party remained in coalition with the Lloyd George Liberals.

Irish Free State

Free StateIrelandIrish independence
Eventually, grassroots pressure forced the breakup of the coalition and the party regained power on its own, but after the separation of the Irish Free State in 1922 it increasingly used the name "Conservative" more than "Unionist".

National Government (United Kingdom)

National GovernmentNationalNational Independent
It again dominated the political scene in the inter-war period from 1931 in a National Government as the main rivals the Liberals and Labour virtually collapsed.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
It again dominated the political scene in the inter-war period from 1931 in a National Government as the main rivals the Liberals and Labour virtually collapsed.

Adolf Hitler

HitlerFührerthe leader
The crisis came in 1940 as Germany defeated France and Britain and its Commonwealth stood alone against Adolf Hitler.

1945 United Kingdom general election

1945 general election19451945 election
In the 1945 general election, the party lost power in a landslide by the Labour Party.

Margaret Thatcher

ThatcherBaroness ThatcherThatcherite
The party stumbled in the 1960s and 1970s, but in 1975 Margaret Thatcher became leader and converted it to a monetarist economic programme; after her election victory in 1979 her government became known for its free market approach to problems and privatisation of public utilities.

Free market

free-marketfree enterprisefree markets
The party stumbled in the 1960s and 1970s, but in 1975 Margaret Thatcher became leader and converted it to a monetarist economic programme; after her election victory in 1979 her government became known for its free market approach to problems and privatisation of public utilities.

Privatization

privatisationprivatizedprivatised
The party stumbled in the 1960s and 1970s, but in 1975 Margaret Thatcher became leader and converted it to a monetarist economic programme; after her election victory in 1979 her government became known for its free market approach to problems and privatisation of public utilities.

John Major

Sir John MajorMajorPrime Minister
However, towards the end of the 1980s Thatcher's increasing unpopularity within the parliamentary party and unwillingness to change policies perceived as vote-losing led to her being deposed in 1990 and replaced by John Major, who won an unexpected election victory in 1992.

Pound sterling

£GBPpounds
Major's government suffered a political blow when the Pound Sterling was forced out of the Exchange Rate Mechanism later that year, which lost the party much of its reputation for good financial stewardship.

Black Wednesday

Black Wednesday UK currency crisisBritain's ejection from the Exchange Rate Mechanismcambial crisis
Major's government suffered a political blow when the Pound Sterling was forced out of the Exchange Rate Mechanism later that year, which lost the party much of its reputation for good financial stewardship.