History of the Jews of Nicaragua

NicaraguaJewishJewish Nicaraguans
Jewish Nicaraguans or Nicaraguan Jews (Judío Nicaragüense) are Nicaraguans of Jewish ancestry who were born in or have immigrated to Nicaragua.wikipedia
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Managua

Managua, NicaraguahistoryManagua,Nicaragua.
The Jews in Nicaragua were a relatively small community, the majority lived in Managua.
Managua's population is composed predominantly of mestizos and whites who are mainly of Spanish descent, with a minority being of French, Jewish Nicaraguan, German Nicaraguan, Italian, Russian and Turkish descent.

Nicaragua

🇳🇮NicaraguanRepublic of Nicaragua
Jewish Nicaraguans or Nicaraguan Jews (Judío Nicaragüense) are Nicaraguans of Jewish ancestry who were born in or have immigrated to Nicaragua.
Also present is a small Middle Eastern-Nicaraguan community of Syrians, Armenians, Jewish Nicaraguans, and Lebanese people in Nicaragua.

Herty Lewites

Herty Lewites, Nicaraguan politician
Herty Lewites Rodríguez (December 24, 1939 – July 2, 2006) was a Nicaraguan politician of Jewish descent.

Jewish diaspora

diasporaExilediaspora Jews
They are part of the ethnic Jewish diaspora.

Drancy internment camp

Drancycamp at Drancycamp of Drancy
Nestor's son Rene Oppenheimer subsequently moved to France from Nicaragua where he was arrested by the Nazi and held at Drancy internment camp in France.

Eastern Europe

EasternEastern EuropeanEast European
Another wave came from Eastern Europe after 1929.

Agriculture

farmingagriculturalagriculturist
The Jews made significant contributions to Nicaragua's economic development while dedicating themselves to farming, manufacturing, and retail sales.

Manufacturing

manufacturermanufacturemanufacturers
The Jews made significant contributions to Nicaragua's economic development while dedicating themselves to farming, manufacturing, and retail sales.

B'nai B'rith

B'nai B'rith InternationalB'nai B'rith CanadaBnai Brith
The community maintained a synagogue and social center, as well as a B'nai B'rith lodge and a Women's International Zionist Organization (WIZO) chapter.

Women's International Zionist Organization

WIZOWomen's International Zionist OrganisationWomen's International Zionist Organization (WIZO)
The community maintained a synagogue and social center, as well as a B'nai B'rith lodge and a Women's International Zionist Organization (WIZO) chapter.

Synagogue

synagoguesshultemple
Also, prior to 1979, the small Jewish community had a synagogue but it was later bombed during a street warfare between Somozistas and Sandinistas, and turned into a school.

Antisemitism

anti-Semitismanti-Semiticantisemitic
The Jewish community encountered anti-semitism by individuals, the majority who claimed that Nicaraguan Jews were responsible for Israeli arms sales to the Somoza regime.

Israel

🇮🇱IsraeliState of Israel
The Jewish community encountered anti-semitism by individuals, the majority who claimed that Nicaraguan Jews were responsible for Israeli arms sales to the Somoza regime.

Somoza family

SomozaSomoza dynastySomoza regime
The Jewish community encountered anti-semitism by individuals, the majority who claimed that Nicaraguan Jews were responsible for Israeli arms sales to the Somoza regime.

Regime

political regimeregimesrégime
The Jewish community encountered anti-semitism by individuals, the majority who claimed that Nicaraguan Jews were responsible for Israeli arms sales to the Somoza regime.

Palestine Liberation Organization

PLOPalestinian Liberation OrganizationPalestinian
This was mostly due to the Sandinista government's close relationship with the Palestine Liberation Organization.

1972 Nicaragua earthquake

1972 earthquakeearthquake1972 Managua earthquake
However, that same year a devastating earthquake hit Managua and destroyed 90% of the city, it prompted many Jews to emigrate.

Emigration

emigratedemigrateemigrant
However, that same year a devastating earthquake hit Managua and destroyed 90% of the city, it prompted many Jews to emigrate.

Persecution

persecutedpersecutionspersecute
In fear of persecution and imprisonment by the Sandinista National Liberation Front, all the remaining Jews fled Nicaragua, they went into exile mainly in the United States, Israel, and other countries in Central America.

Imprisonment

incarcerationIncarceratedimprisoned
In fear of persecution and imprisonment by the Sandinista National Liberation Front, all the remaining Jews fled Nicaragua, they went into exile mainly in the United States, Israel, and other countries in Central America.

Exile

banishmentinternal exilebanished
In fear of persecution and imprisonment by the Sandinista National Liberation Front, all the remaining Jews fled Nicaragua, they went into exile mainly in the United States, Israel, and other countries in Central America.

United States

American🇺🇸U.S.
In fear of persecution and imprisonment by the Sandinista National Liberation Front, all the remaining Jews fled Nicaragua, they went into exile mainly in the United States, Israel, and other countries in Central America.

Central America

CentralCentral AmericanCentral-
In fear of persecution and imprisonment by the Sandinista National Liberation Front, all the remaining Jews fled Nicaragua, they went into exile mainly in the United States, Israel, and other countries in Central America.

Daniel Ortega

OrtegaJosé Daniel Ortega SaavedraComandante Ortega
After Daniel Ortega ran and lost the presidential elections in 1990 a small number of Jews returned to Nicaragua.

Rabbi

rabbisrabbinatefemale rabbi
After 1979 the Jewish community had no rabbi or bris.