History of the Philippines
Philippine historyhistoryPhilippinesAmerican colonial governmentJapanese OccupationSpanish colonial periodAmerican OccupationJapanese occupation of the countryPhilippineSpanish Government
The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans using rafts or boats at least 67,000 years ago as the 2007 discovery of Callao Man suggested.wikipedia
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spread of HinduismHinduHinduism in Thailand
These polities were either influenced by the Hindu-Buddhist Indian religion, language, culture, literature and philosophy from India through many campaigns from India including the South-East Asia campaign of Rajendra Chola I, Islam from Arabia or were Sinified tributary states allied to China.
It gave birth to the former Champa civilisation in southern parts of Central Vietnam, Funan in Cambodia, the Khmer Empire in Indochina, Langkasuka Kingdom and Old Kedah in the Malay Peninsula, the Sriwijayan kingdom on Sumatra, the Medang Kingdom, Singhasari and the Majapahit Empire based in Java, Bali and parts of the Philippine archipelago.
USTUniversity of Sto. TomasUniversity of Santo Tomás
On April 28, 1611, through the initiative of Bishop Miguel de Benavides, the University of Santo Tomas was founded in Manila.
Prominent Thomasians include saints, Filipino presidents, heroes, artists, scientists, professionals, and religious figures, who have figured prominently in the history of the Philippines.
PangasinanHuangdom of PangasinanWangdom of Pangasinan
This includes the predecessors of modern-day population centers such as Maynila, Tondo, Pangasinan, Cebu, Panay, Bohol, Butuan, Cotabato, Lanao, and Sulu as well as some polities, such as Ma-i, whose possible location are still the subject of debate among scholars.
MagellanFernão de MagalhãesFernando de Magallanes
The first recorded visit by Europeans is the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan.
revolutionPhilippine Revolution of 1896revolutionary
U.S forces suppressed a Philippine Revolution led by Emilio Aguinaldo.
During the reign of his descendant, Sultan Bolkiah, in 1485 to 1521, the recently Islamized Bruneian Empire decided to break the Dynasty of Tondo's monopoly in the China trade by attacking Tondo and defeating Rajah Gambang and then establishing the State of Selurong (Kingdom of Maynila) as a Bruneian satellite-state and placing his descendants on the throne of Maynila.
Sultan Bolkiah's victory over Seludong (modern-day Manila) by defeating Rajah Suko of Tundun in Luzon and as well as his marriage to Laila Menchanai, the daughter of Sulu Sultan Amir Ul-Ombra, widened Brunei's influence in the Philippines.
Miguel Lopez de LegazpiLegazpiMiguel Lopez de Legaspi
Spanish colonization began with the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi's expedition on February 13, 1565 from Mexico.
* History of the Philippines
evolved locallyPrehistoric Philippinesprehistory
F. Landa Jocano theorizes that the ancestors of the Filipinos evolved locally.
Don Felipe AgoncilloDon Felipe Encarnacion AgoncilloFelipe Agoncillo y Encarnacion
The Filipino representative, Felipe Agoncillo, had been excluded from sessions as Aguinaldo's government was not recognized by the family of nations.
His greatest contribution to Philippine history was when he was assigned to negotiate with foreign countries to secure the independence of the country.
In 1587, Magat Salamat, one of the children of Lakan Dula, along with Lakan Dula's nephew and lords of the neighboring areas of Tondo, Pandacan, Marikina, Candaba, Navotas and Bulacan, were executed when the Tondo Conspiracy of 1587–1588 failed in which a planned grand alliance with the Japanese Christian-captain, Gayo, and Brunei's Sultan, would have restored the old aristocracy.
After the death of Magat Salamat at the gallows, another form of revolution transpired after about 290 years, which was later known in Philippine history as the Katipunan, or the Kataastaasang Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK).
Laguna Copper PlateLCI900
The end of Philippine prehistory is 900, the date inscribed in the oldest Philippine document found so far, the Laguna Copperplate Inscription.
pre-colonialearly Philippine historyHistory of the Philippines (900-1521)
They ruled a large part of what is now known as Luzon from Ilocos to Bicol from possibly before 900 AD to 1571, becoming the largest pre-colonial state.
The Japanese military authorities immediately began organizing a new government structure in the Philippines and established the Philippine Executive Commission.
The PEC was created as the provisional caretaker government of the City of Greater Manila and eventually of the whole Philippines during the Japanese occupation of the country during World War II.
Captain Juan de Salcedohad sent expeditionsDon Juan de Salcedo
In 1571, the Spanish, their Latin-American recruits and their Filipino (Visayan) allies, commanded by able conquistadors such as Mexico-born Juan de Salcedo (who was in love with Tondo's princess, Kandarapa) attacked the Maynila, a vassal-state of the Brunei Sultanate and liberated plus incorporated the kingdom of Tondo as well as establishing Manila as the capital of the Spanish East Indies.
*History of the Philippines
assaulted the Majapahit province of PoniPhilippine ArmyCommunist insurgencies
Eventually, the kingdoms of Luzon regained independence from Majapahit after the Battle of Manila (1365) and Sulu also reestablished independence, and in vengeance, assaulted the Majapahit province of Poni (Brunei) before a fleet from the capital drove them out.
Lakan DulaBunao Lakan DulaRajah Lakan Dula
Legazpi built a fort in Maynila and made overtures of friendship to Lakan Dula, Lakan of Tondo, who accepted.
complete listList of rulers of the PhilippinesFilipino monarchs
The types of sovereign state leaders in the Philippine archipelago have varied throughout the country's history, from heads of ancient chiefdoms, kingdoms and sultanates in the pre-colonial period, to the leaders of Spanish, American, and Japanese colonial governments, until the directly-elected President of the modern sovereign state of the Philippines.
To read about the background to these events, see History of the Philippines.
HumabonKing HumabonRaja Humabon
Simultaneous with these slave-raids, was the rebellion of Datu Lapu-Lapu of Mactan against Rajah Humabon of Cebu.
national heronational heroesnational heroes of the Philippines
A national hero of the Philippines is a Filipino who has been recognized as a national hero for his or her role in the history of the Philippines.
Simon de AndaSimon de Anda y SalazarSimón de Anda
Outside of Manila, the Spanish leader Simón de Anda y Salazar organized a militia of 10,000 of mostly from Pampanga to resist British rule.
Intramuros, ManilaManilawalled city
The Manila garrison was composed of roughly four hundred Spanish soldiers and the area of Intramuros as well as its surroundings, were initially settled by 1200 Spanish families.
educationPhilippines education during Spanish ruleeducated
Education played a major role in the socio-economic transformation of the archipelago.
Philippine-American WarPhilippine InsurrectionFilipino-American War
The First Philippine Republic resisted the U.S. occupation, resulting in the Philippine–American War (1899–1913).
World War II intervened, bringing the Japanese occupation between 1941 and 1945.
The Philippine Commonwealth was established in 1935, as a 10-year interim step prior to full independence.