History of the United Kingdom

United KingdomBritishUK HistoryBritish historyGreat Britainmodern British history19th-century Britaincontemporary British historyearly-to-middle 20th century Britainhistory
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.wikipedia
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Culture of the United Kingdom

British cultureBritish popular cultureBritish cultural icons
As a result British culture, and its technological, political, constitutional, and linguistic influence, became worldwide.
British culture is influenced by the nation's history; its predominantly Christian religious life, its interaction with the cultures of Europe, the traditions of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, and the impact of the British Empire.

Victorian era

VictorianVictorian-eraVictorian period
Culturally the Victorian era was a time of prosperity and dominant middle-class virtues when Britain dominated the world economy and maintained a generally peaceful century, 1815–1914.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.

Convicts in Australia

convictconvictstransported to Australia
In 1778, Joseph Banks, Cook's botanist on the voyage, presented evidence to the government on the suitability of Botany Bay for the establishment of a penal settlement, and in 1787 the first shipment of convicts set sail, arriving in 1788.
Poverty, social injustice, child labour, harsh and dirty living conditions and long working hours were prevalent in 19th-century Britain.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.
The culture of the United Kingdom has been influenced by many factors including: the nation's island status; its history as a western liberal democracy and a major power; as well as being a political union of four countries with each preserving elements of distinctive traditions, customs and symbolism.

Eastern Question

Eastern CrisisThe Eastern Questiondeclining power
Disraeli's second term was dominated by the Eastern Question—the slow decay of the Ottoman Empire and the desire of Russia, to gain at its expense.
Imperial Russia stood to benefit from the decline of the Ottoman Empire; on the other hand, Austria-Hungary and Great Britain deemed the preservation of the Empire to be in their best interests.

Kingdom of Great Britain

Great BritainBritishBritain
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

United KingdomBritishUK
Of this new state the historian Simon Schama said: The Act of Union 1800 added the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

A. J. P. Taylor

A.J.P. TaylorAJP TaylorTaylor, A.J.P.
A. J. P. Taylor argues most people "were enjoying a richer life than any previously known in the history of the world: longer holidays, shorter hours, higher real wages."
However, Taylor's speciality was in Central European, British and diplomatic history.

Newcastle Programme

the Newcastle Programme
The Gladstonian liberals in 1891 adopted The Newcastle Programme that included home rule for Ireland, disestablishment of the Church of England in Wales and Scotland, tighter controls on the sale of liquor, major extension of factory regulation, and various democratic political reforms.

History of Northern Ireland

Northern Irelandsix Ulster countiesDevolution
Six northern, predominantly Protestant counties became Northern Ireland and have remained part of the United Kingdom ever since, despite demands of the Catholic minority to unite with the Republic of Ireland.

Political union

unionreunificationstate union
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.

Kingdom of England

EnglandEnglishAnglo
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.

Kingdom of Scotland

ScotlandScottishScots
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.

State (polity)

statestatesthe state
Of this new state the historian Simon Schama said: The Act of Union 1800 added the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Simon Schama

Schama, SimonSchama, S.Simon Michael Schama
Of this new state the historian Simon Schama said: The Act of Union 1800 added the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Acts of Union 1800

Act of UnionAct of Union 1800Union
Of this new state the historian Simon Schama said: The Act of Union 1800 added the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Kingdom of Ireland

IrelandIrishCrown
Of this new state the historian Simon Schama said: The Act of Union 1800 added the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Jacobite risings

JacobiteJacobite RebellionJacobite rebellions
The first decades were marked by Jacobite risings which ended with defeat for the Stuart cause at the Battle of Culloden in 1746.

Battle of Culloden

CullodenCulloden BattlefieldJacobite defeat at Culloden
The first decades were marked by Jacobite risings which ended with defeat for the Stuart cause at the Battle of Culloden in 1746.

Great Britain in the Seven Years' War

Great Britain in the Seven Years WarAnnus Mirabilis of 1759Annus Mirabilis
In 1763 victory in the Seven Years' War led to the growth of the First British Empire.

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary FranceRevolutionary
Politically the central event was the French Revolution and its Napoleonic aftermath from 1793 to 1815, which British elites saw as a profound threat, and worked energetically to form multiple coalitions that finally defeated Napoleon in 1815.

Tories (British political party)

ToryToriesTory Party
The Tories, who came to power in 1783, remained in power (with a short interruption) until 1830.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
The First World War (1914–1918), with Britain in alliance with France, Russia and the United States, was a furious but ultimately successful total war with Germany.

League of Nations

The League of NationsCouncil of the League of NationsLeague
The resulting League of Nations was a favourite project in Interwar Britain.

Interwar Britain

Interwar periodinterwarinterwar years
The resulting League of Nations was a favourite project in Interwar Britain.