History of the United Kingdom

United KingdomBritishBritish historyGreat Britainmodern British history19th-century Britaincontemporary British historyearly-to-middle 20th century Britainhistoryits history
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.wikipedia
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Culture of the United Kingdom

British cultureBritish cultural iconsBritish
As a result, British culture, and its technological, political, constitutional, and linguistic influence, became worldwide.
The United Kingdom's culture is influenced by its history as a developed state, a liberal democracy and a great power; its predominantly Christian religious life; and its composition of four countries—England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland—each of which has distinct customs, cultures and symbolism.

Victorian era

VictorianVictorian-eraVictorian times
Culturally the Victorian era (Queen Victoria reigned 1837–1901) was a time of prosperity and dominant middle-class virtues when Britain dominated the world economy and maintained a generally peaceful century, 1815–1914.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.

Convicts in Australia

convictconvictstransported to Australia
In 1778, Joseph Banks, Cook's botanist on the voyage, presented evidence to the government on the suitability of Botany Bay for the establishment of a penal settlement, and in 1787 the first shipment of convicts set sail, arriving in 1788.
Poverty, social injustice, child labor, harsh and dirty living conditions and long working hours were prevalent in 19th-century Britain.

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.
The culture of the United Kingdom has been influenced by many factors including: the nation's island status; its history as a western liberal democracy and a major power; as well as being a political union of four countries with each preserving elements of distinctive traditions, customs and symbolism.

Eastern Question

Eastern Crisisdeclining powerEastern (i.e., Russian and Turkish) Question
Disraeli's second term was dominated by the Eastern Question—the slow decay of the Ottoman Empire and the desire of Russia, to gain at its expense.
Imperial Russia stood to benefit from the decline of the Ottoman Empire; on the other hand, Austria-Hungary and Great Britain deemed the preservation of the Empire to be in their best interests.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

United KingdomBritishUK
Of this new state the historian Simon Schama said: The Act of Union 1800 added the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
History of the United Kingdom

Kingdom of Great Britain

Great BritainBritishBritain
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.
History of the United Kingdom

The Newcastle Programme

The Gladstonian liberals in 1891 adopted The Newcastle Programme that included home rule for Ireland, disestablishment of the Church of England in Wales and Scotland, tighter controls on the sale of liquor, major extension of factory regulation, and various democratic political reforms.
History of the United Kingdom

History of Northern Ireland

Northern Irelandsix Ulster countiesDevolution
Six northern, predominantly Protestant counties became Northern Ireland and have remained part of the United Kingdom ever since, despite demands of the Catholic minority to unite with the Republic of Ireland.
History of the United Kingdom

Political union

unionreunificationunification
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.

Kingdom of England

EnglandEnglishAnglo
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.

Kingdom of Scotland

ScotlandScottishScots
The United Kingdom as a unified state can be treated as beginning in 1707 with the political union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland, into a united kingdom called Great Britain.

State (polity)

statestatesthe state
Of this new state the historian Simon Schama said: The Act of Union 1800 added the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Simon Schama

Schama, SimonSchama, S.Schama
Of this new state the historian Simon Schama said: The Act of Union 1800 added the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Acts of Union 1800

Act of UnionUnionActs of Union
Of this new state the historian Simon Schama said: The Act of Union 1800 added the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Kingdom of Ireland

IrelandIrishCrown
Of this new state the historian Simon Schama said: The Act of Union 1800 added the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Jacobite risings

JacobiteJacobite RebellionJacobite rising
The first decades were marked by Jacobite risings which ended with defeat for the Stuart cause at Culloden in 1746.

Battle of Culloden

CullodenCulloden BattlefieldJacobite defeat at Culloden
The first decades were marked by Jacobite risings which ended with defeat for the Stuart cause at Culloden in 1746.

Great Britain in the Seven Years' War

Seven Years' WarBritain's victory in the Seven Years' WarBritain's involvement in the Seven Years War
In 1763, victory in the Seven Years' War led to the growth of the First British Empire.

Tories (British political party)

ToryToriesTory Party
The Tories, who came to power in 1783, remained in power (with a short interruption) until 1830.

League of Nations

Leaguethe League of NationsCouncil of the League of Nations
The resulting League of Nations was a favourite project in Interwar Britain.

Interwar Britain

Interwar periodinterwar yearsbefore the Second World War
The resulting League of Nations was a favourite project in Interwar Britain.

London Stock Exchange

LSELondonStock Exchange
However, while the Empire remained strong, as did the London financial markets, the British industrial base began to slip behind Germany and especially the United States.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
Sentiments for peace were so strong that the nation supported appeasement of Hitler's Germany in the late 1930s, until the Nazi invasion of Poland in 1939 opened the Second World War. In the Second World War 1939–45, France, the Soviet Union the U.S. joined Britain as the main Allied powers.

Allies of World War II

AlliedAlliesAllied forces
In the Second World War 1939–45, France, the Soviet Union the U.S. joined Britain as the main Allied powers.