Ho Chi Minh

Hồ Chí MinhNguyễn Ái QuốcHô Chi MinhHoNguyen Ai QuocNguyễn Thị ThanhBac HoHo Chi Minh CityHo Chih MinhHo, Ho, Ho Chi Minh
Hồ Chí Minh (, ; Chữ nôm: 胡志明; 19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969), born Nguyễn Sinh Cung, also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành, Nguyễn Ái Quốc, Bác Hồ ("Uncle Ho") or simply Bác ("Uncle", ), was a Vietnamese revolutionary and politician.wikipedia
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North Vietnam

Democratic Republic of VietnamNorth VietnameseNorth
He served as Prime Minister of North Vietnam from 1945 to 1955 and then its President from 1945 to 1969.
During the August Revolution following World War II, Vietnamese communist revolutionary Hồ Chí Minh, leader of the Việt Minh, declared independence from French Indochina on 2 September 1945, announcing the creation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

Vietnam War

Vietnamwar in VietnamSecond Indochina War
He was a key figure in the People's Army of Vietnam and the Việt Cộng during the Vietnam War, which lasted from 1955 to 1975.
The Viet Minh, a Communist-led common front under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh, then initiated an insurgency against French rule.

People's Army of Vietnam

North Vietnamese ArmyVietnam People's ArmyNVA
He was a key figure in the People's Army of Vietnam and the Việt Cộng during the Vietnam War, which lasted from 1955 to 1975.
Under the guidelines of Hồ Chí Minh, Võ Nguyên Giáp was given the task of establishing the brigades and the Armed Propaganda Unit for National Liberation came into existence on 22 December 1944.

Kim Liên Museum

Hoàng TrùLàng Sen
Hồ Chí Minh was born Nguyễn Sinh Cung in 1890 in the village of Hoàng Trù (the name of the local temple near Làng Sen), his mother's village. From 1895, he grew up in his father Nguyễn Sinh Sắc (Nguyễn Sinh Huy)'s village of Làng Sen, Kim Liên, Nam Đàn, Nghệ An Province.
The Kim Liên Museum (Khu di tích lịch sử Kim Liên) is a museum that was the childhood home of Ho Chi Minh in Làng Sen, Kim Liên village, Nam Đàn district, Nghệ An Province, Vietnam.

Ho Chi Minh City

SaigonHồ Chí Minh CityHo Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Saigon, the former capital of South Vietnam, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City in his honor. Because his father had been dismissed, he no longer had any hope for a governmental scholarship and went southward, taking a position at Dục Thanh school in Phan Thiết for about six months, then traveled to Saigon.
The current Ho Chi Minh name was given after the Fall of Saigon in 1975 to honor Ho Chi Minh.

List of Prime Ministers of Vietnam

Prime Minister of Vietnamcomplete listPrime Minister
He served as Prime Minister of North Vietnam from 1945 to 1955 and then its President from 1945 to 1969.
The Office of the Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic traces its lineage back to Hồ Chí Minh, the first Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic.

Tôn Đức Thắng

Hồ Chí MinhPresident Tôn Đức ThắngTon Duc Thang
The exaggeration of revolutionary credentials was common among Vietnamese Communist leaders, as shown in North Vietnamese President Tôn Đức Thắng's falsified participation in the 1919 Black Sea revolt.
Tôn Đức Thắng was a key Vietnamese nationalist and Communist political figure, was chairman of the National Assembly's Standing Committee 1955–1960 and served as the vice president to Hồ Chí Minh from 1960 to 1969.

Phạm Văn Đồng

Pham Van Dong
His disciples, Phạm Văn Đồng and Võ Nguyên Giáp, also attended the school, as did Ngô Đình Diệm, the future President of South Vietnam (and enemy).
He was considered one of Hồ Chí Minh's closest lieutenants.

Võ Nguyên Giáp

General GiapGiápGeneral Giáp
His disciples, Phạm Văn Đồng and Võ Nguyên Giáp, also attended the school, as did Ngô Đình Diệm, the future President of South Vietnam (and enemy).
Giáp was also a journalist, an interior minister in President Hồ Chí Minh's Việt Minh government, the military commander of the Viet Minh, the commander of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN), and a defense minister.

Quốc Học – Huế High School for the Gifted

Quoc Hoc High SchoolCollège Quốc họcHue High School for the Gifted
Nevertheless, he received a French education, attending Collège Quốc học (lycée or secondary education) in Huế.
The school is also famous for the notable political leaders who graduated from it, and Ho Chi Minh who was dismissed from it in 1908 for revolutionary activities.

Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm

He had three siblings: his sister Bạch Liên (Nguyễn Thị Thanh), a clerk in the French Army; his brother Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm (Nguyễn Tất Đạt), a geomancer and traditional herbalist; and another brother (Nguyễn Sinh Nhuận), who died in infancy.
Nguyễn Sinh Khiêm (1888–1950), renamed Nguyễn Tất Đạt in accordance with Confucian tradition, was the brother of President Hồ Chí Minh of Việt Nam and also the brother of Nguyễn Thị Thanh.

Kim Liên

Kim LienKim Liên village
From 1895, he grew up in his father Nguyễn Sinh Sắc (Nguyễn Sinh Huy)'s village of Làng Sen, Kim Liên, Nam Đàn, Nghệ An Province.
Kim Lien is the childhood home of former president Ho Chi Minh and his parents' house there is the site of the Kim Liên museum.

Nguyễn An Ninh

Nguyen An Ninh
In Paris he joined the Groupe des Patriotes Annamites (The Group of Vietnamese Patriots) that included Phan Chu Trinh, Phan Văn Trường, Nguyễn Thế Truyền and Nguyễn An Ninh.
An independent and charismatic figure, Nguyen An Ninh was able to conciliate between different anti-colonial factions including, for a period in the 1930s, between the Communist Party of Nguyen Ai Quoc ("Ho Chi Minh", then in exile) and its left, Trotskyist, opposition.

French Communist Party

PCFCommunist PartyCommunist
In December 1920, Quốc (Ho) became a representative to the Congress of Tours of the Socialist Party of France, voted for the Third International and was a founding member of the French Communist Party.
The French Communist Party (PCF) originated in 1920, when a majority of members resigned from the socialist French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO) party to set up the French Section of the Communist International (SFIC), with Ludovic-Oscar Frossard as its first secretary-general; Ho Chi Minh, liberator of Vietnam, was one of the notable agitators who participated in its creation.

French Indochina

IndochinaFrench Indo-ChinaFrench colonial rule
The group petitioned for recognition of the civil rights of the Vietnamese people in French Indochina to the Western powers at the Versailles peace talks, but they were ignored.
After the Japanese surrender, the Viet Minh, a communist organization led by Hồ Chí Minh, declared Vietnamese independence, but France subsequently took back control of French Indochina.

Vietnam

Viet NamSocialist Republic of VietnamViệt Nam
Citing the principle of self-determination outlined prior to the peace accords, they requested the allied powers to end French colonial rule of Vietnam and ensure the formation of an independent government.
A nationalist political movement soon emerged, with leaders like Phan Bội Châu, Phan Châu Trinh, Phan Đình Phùng, Emperor Hàm Nghi, and Hồ Chí Minh fighting or calling for independence.

Communist Party of Vietnam

Vietnamese Communist PartyCommunist PartyCommunist
Ideologically a Marxist-Leninist, he served as Chairman and First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Vietnam.
The CPV was founded in 1930 by Hồ Chí Minh and since 1945, it has been the only legal party in the country alongside the former South Vietnam when it took over in 1975 at the end of the Vietnam War.

Zeng Xueming

Minh
According to William Duiker, he lived with a Chinese woman, Zeng Xueming (Tăng Tuyết Minh), whom he married on 18 October 1926.
Zeng Xueming (1905–1991), known in Vietnamese as Tăng Tuyết Minh, was a Chinese midwife who married Vietnamese leader Hồ Chí Minh.

Communist University of the Toilers of the East

University of the Toilers of the EastCommunist University of the Toilers of the East (KUTV, pronounced ''Kutvo'')Communist University of the Toilers of the Orient
In 1923, Quốc (Ho) left Paris for Moscow carrying a passport with the name Chen Vang, a Chinese merchant, where he was employed by the Comintern, studied at the Communist University of the Toilers of the East and participated in the Fifth Comintern Congress in June 1924 before arriving in Canton (present-day Guangzhou), China in November 1924 using the name Ly Thuy.
Amongst those who taught there were Ho Chi Minh, Anatoly Lunacharsky, Leonid Krasin, Mikhail Pokrovsky, Khalid Bakdash, Igor Reisner, and Boris Shumyatsky.

Nguyễn Sinh Sắc

Nguyễn Sinh Sắc (Nguyễn Sinh Huy)
From 1895, he grew up in his father Nguyễn Sinh Sắc (Nguyễn Sinh Huy)'s village of Làng Sen, Kim Liên, Nam Đàn, Nghệ An Province.
Nguyễn Sinh Sắc (chữ Hán: 阮生色, Kim Liên village in Nam Đàn District of Nghệ An, 1862–1929) was the father of Ho Chi Minh.

August Revolution

Vietnamese Revolution1945 August Revolutiondeclared Vietnamese independence
Following the August Revolution (1945) organized by the Việt Minh, Hồ Chí Minh became Chairman of the Provisional Government (Premier of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam) and issued a Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
The August Revolution (Cách mạng tháng Tám), also known as the August General Uprising (Tổng Khởi nghĩa tháng Tám), was a revolution launched by Ho Chi Minh's Việt Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam) against French colonial rule in Vietnam, on August 14, 1945.

The Drayton Court

Drayton Court Hotel
He reportedly worked as either a chef or dish washer (reports vary) at the Drayton Court Hotel in West Ealing.
The former Vietnamese revolutionary and statesman, Hồ Chí Minh, worked in the kitchens in 1914.

Tours Congress

Congress of ToursbreakupCongrès de Tours
In December 1920, Quốc (Ho) became a representative to the Congress of Tours of the Socialist Party of France, voted for the Third International and was a founding member of the French Communist Party.
A young Ho Chi Minh, then known as Nguyen Ai Quoc, was present at the congress and made a speech decrying the exploitation of the French colonies, and supporting the proposal to join the Third International.

Phan Thiết

Phan Thiet
Because his father had been dismissed, he no longer had any hope for a governmental scholarship and went southward, taking a position at Dục Thanh school in Phan Thiết for about six months, then traveled to Saigon.
Hồ Chí Minh reportedly lived in Phan Thiết for a short time around 1910 and worked as a schoolteacher.

Political organizations and Armed forces in Vietnam

Bui Quang ChieuLeague for the Nationlal Union of Vietnam
Several sources relate how during a power struggle in 1945 the Việt Minh killed members of rival groups, such as the leader of the Constitutional Party, Bui Quang Chieu, the head of the Party for Independence as well as Ngo Dinh Diem's brother, Ngo Dinh Khoi.