Hofburg

Hofburg PalaceHofburg Imperial PalaceNeue BurgRedoutensaalImperial PalaceImperial Palace of the HofburgGroßer Festsaal der Wiener HofburgHofmusikkapelleImperial CourtLeopoldine Wing
Hofburg Vienna plan.svg, 2b Augustinian Monastery, 3 Stallburg, 4 Amalienburg, 5 Leopoldine Wing, 6 Redouten Wing, 7 Winter Riding School, 8 Imperial Library, 9 Augustinian Wing, 10 Archduke Albrecht Palace (formerly Tarouca-de Sylva Palace), 11 Imperial Chancellory Wing, 12 Festsaal - Festival Hall Wing, 13 St. Michael's Wing, 14 Neue Burg Wing, 15 Corps de Logis, 16 Palm House, A Inner Castle Square, B Ballhausplatz - Ball House Square, C St. Michael's Square, D Schweizerhof - Swiss Court, E Joseph Square, F Albertina Square, G Burggarten - Castle Garden, H Heldenplatz (former Outer Castle Square) Historical construction stages in colours:wikipedia
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President of Austria

PresidentFederal President of AustriaAustrian President
]]The Hofburg is the former principal imperial palace of the Habsburg dynasty rulers and today serves as the official residence and workplace of the President of Austria.
Presidential workplaces are located in the Leopoldine Wing of the Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna.

Heldenplatz

The palace faces the Heldenplatz (Heroes Square) ordered under the reign of Emperor Francis Joseph I, as part of what was planned to become the Kaiserforum but which was never completed.
Heldenplatz (Heroes' Square) is a public space in front of the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria.

Spanish Riding School

Winter Riding SchoolSpanish Riding School of ViennaSpanische Hofreitschule
The Hofburg has been expanded over the centuries to include various residences (with the Amalienburg and the Albertina), the imperial chapel (Hofkapelle or Burgkapelle), the imperial library (Hofbibliothek), the treasury (Schatzkammer), the Burgtheater, the Spanish Riding School (Hofreitschule), the imperial mews (Stallburg and Hofstallungen).
The Spanish Riding School (Spanische Hofreitschule) is an Austrian institution dedicated to the preservation of classical dressage and the training of Lipizzaner horses, based in Vienna, Austria, whose performances in the Hofburg are also a tourist attraction.

Burgtheater

HofburgtheaterWiener BurgtheaterHofburg Theatre
The Hofburg has been expanded over the centuries to include various residences (with the Amalienburg and the Albertina), the imperial chapel (Hofkapelle or Burgkapelle), the imperial library (Hofbibliothek), the treasury (Schatzkammer), the Burgtheater, the Spanish Riding School (Hofreitschule), the imperial mews (Stallburg and Hofstallungen).
The theatre's first building adjoined the Hofburg at Michaelerplatz, opposite St. Michael's Church.

Ballhausplatz

Hofburg Vienna plan.svg, 2b Augustinian Monastery, 3 Stallburg, 4 Amalienburg, 5 Leopoldine Wing, 6 Redouten Wing, 7 Winter Riding School, 8 Imperial Library, 9 Augustinian Wing, 10 Archduke Albrecht Palace (formerly Tarouca-de Sylva Palace), 11 Imperial Chancellory Wing, 12 Festsaal - Festival Hall Wing, 13 St. Michael's Wing, 14 Neue Burg Wing, 15 Corps de Logis, 16 Palm House, A Inner Castle Square, B Ballhausplatz - Ball House Square, C St. Michael's Square, D Schweizerhof - Swiss Court, E Joseph Square, F Albertina Square, G Burggarten - Castle Garden, H Heldenplatz (former Outer Castle Square) Historical construction stages in colours:
Ballhausplatz is located in the first district Innere Stadt in central Vienna, a few minutes' walk from the Austrian Parliament Building and on the edge of the grounds of Hofburg Imperial Palace.

Vienna

Vienna, AustriaWienViennese
It is located in the center of Vienna and was built in the 13th century and expanded several times afterwards.
In 1938, after a triumphant entry into Austria, Austrian-born Adolf Hitler spoke to the Austrian Germans from the balcony of the Neue Burg, a part of the Hofburg at the Heldenplatz.

Innere Stadt

first districtinner citycenter
It is located in the center of Vienna and was built in the 13th century and expanded several times afterwards.

Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach

Joseph Emanuel
Numerous architects have executed work at the Hofburg as it expanded, notably the Italian architect-engineer Filiberto Luchese, Lodovico Burnacini and Martino and Domenico Carlone, the Baroque architects Lukas von Hildebrandt and Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach, Johann Fischer von Erlach, and the architects of the Neue Burg built between 1881 and 1913.
He continued some projects of his father, in particular, the Karlskirche, the Hofbibliothek (Imperial Library), and the Winterreitschultrakt (Winter Riding School) of the Hofburg.

Imperial Treasury, Vienna

Imperial TreasurySchatzkammerKaiserliche Schatzkammer
The Hofburg has been expanded over the centuries to include various residences (with the Amalienburg and the Albertina), the imperial chapel (Hofkapelle or Burgkapelle), the imperial library (Hofbibliothek), the treasury (Schatzkammer), the Burgtheater, the Spanish Riding School (Hofreitschule), the imperial mews (Stallburg and Hofstallungen). These oldest sections of the castle today form the Swiss Court (Schweizerhof), where there are a gothic chapel (Burgkapelle), dating from the 15th century, and the treasury (or Schatzkammer), affiliated to the Kunsthistorisches Museum which holds, among other things, the imperial insignia of the Holy Roman Empire (Reichskleinodien) and of the Empire of Austria.
The Imperial Treasury (Kaiserliche Schatzkammer) at the Hofburg Palace in Vienna, Austria contains a valuable collection of secular and ecclesiastical treasures covering over a thousand years of European history.

Governor of Hofburg Palace

governor
The whole palace complex is under the administration of the governor (Burghauptmann), who in turn is part of the Burghauptmannschaft, an office which has been in existence since the Middle Ages under the auspices of the Burgrave.
The Governor of Hofburg Palace is in charge of the Hofburg palace in Vienna.

Imperial Regalia

Reichskleinodienimperial insigniaregalia
These oldest sections of the castle today form the Swiss Court (Schweizerhof), where there are a gothic chapel (Burgkapelle), dating from the 15th century, and the treasury (or Schatzkammer), affiliated to the Kunsthistorisches Museum which holds, among other things, the imperial insignia of the Holy Roman Empire (Reichskleinodien) and of the Empire of Austria.
Today they are kept at the Imperial Treasury in the Hofburg palace in Vienna, Austria.

Albertina

Albertina, ViennaAlbertina MuseumGraphische Sammlung Albertina
The Hofburg has been expanded over the centuries to include various residences (with the Amalienburg and the Albertina), the imperial chapel (Hofkapelle or Burgkapelle), the imperial library (Hofbibliothek), the treasury (Schatzkammer), the Burgtheater, the Spanish Riding School (Hofreitschule), the imperial mews (Stallburg and Hofstallungen).
Since then, the palace has immediately bordered the Hofburg.

Official residence

residenceList of official residencesexecutive mansion
]]The Hofburg is the former principal imperial palace of the Habsburg dynasty rulers and today serves as the official residence and workplace of the President of Austria.

Austrian National Library

Österreichische NationalbibliothekImperial LibraryHofbibliothek
The Hofburg has been expanded over the centuries to include various residences (with the Amalienburg and the Albertina), the imperial chapel (Hofkapelle or Burgkapelle), the imperial library (Hofbibliothek), the treasury (Schatzkammer), the Burgtheater, the Spanish Riding School (Hofreitschule), the imperial mews (Stallburg and Hofstallungen).
The library is located in the Neue Burg Wing of the Hofburg in center of Vienna.

Augustinian Church, Vienna

Augustinian ChurchAugustinerkircheSt. Augustine's Church
Particularly from 1763 to 1769, Nicolo Pacassi connected the Imperial Library to the other parts of the Hofburg and its other side to the Augustinian Church and he thus created the present Joseph Square (Josephsplatz), marked by its almost symmetrical proportions.
The Augustinian Church (Augustinerkirche) in Vienna is a parish church located on Josefsplatz, next to the Hofburg, the winter palace of the Habsburg dynasty in Vienna.

Emperor of Austria

EmperorAustrian EmperorEmperors of Austria
From 1438 to 1583, and again from 1612 to 1806, it was the seat of the Habsburg kings and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, and thereafter until 1918 the seat of the Emperors of Austria.

Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor

Maximilian IIEmperor Maximilian IIMaximilian
Although not physically connected to the rest of the complex, the imperial mews (Stallburg) of the Hofburg were originally built as a residence for the then crown prince, Maximilian.
In 1551 Maximilian attended the Council of Trent and the next year took up his residence at Hofburg Palace in Vienna, celebrated by a triumphal return into the city with a large entourage including the elephant Suleiman.

Paul Strudel

Paul
The large Prunksaal hall contains the book collection of Prince Eugene of Savoy, an enormous ceiling fresco by Daniel Gran, and statues of emperors by Paul Strudel making this part of the Hofburg its most significant in artistic terms.
As a sculptor in the Hofburg, Paul Strudel worked creating statues with his younger brother, Peter Strudel.

Aulic Council

ReichshofratImperial Aulic CouncilCourt Council of the Empire
The latter was originally planned by Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt and accommodated, in addition to the Aulic Council (Reichshofrat), the offices of the Imperial Vice-Chancellor (Reichsvizekanzler), who was the de facto prime minister of the Holy Roman Empire since the ceremonial position of Imperial Arch-Chancellor (Reichserzkanzler)—whom the Imperial Vice Chancellor represented—had always been filled by the Archbishop of Mainz since the Middle Ages.
The seat of the Aulic Council was at the Hofburg residence of the Habsburg emperors in Vienna.

Empress Elisabeth of Austria

Elisabeth of BavariaEmpress ElisabethElisabeth
This is where Emperor Franz Joseph I and Empress Elisabeth, alias Sisi, were married.
Although the couple had never met, Franz Joseph's obedience was taken for granted by the archduchess, who was once described as "the only man in the Hofburg" for her authoritarian manner.

Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg

SophieCountess Sophie ChotekSophie Chotek
A dynastically necessary act as his intended marriage was to be morganatic, due to the unequal rank between him and his future wife.
However, to prevent Franz Ferdinand from attempting to proclaim his wife empress-queen or declaring their future children dynasts and thus eligible to inherit the crown (especially that of Hungary, where morganatic marriages were unknown to law) once he ascended the throne, he was compelled to appear at the Hofburg Imperial Palace before the gathered archdukes, ministers, and dignitaries of the court, the Cardinal-Archbishop of Vienna and the Primate of Hungary on 28 June 1900 to execute by signature an official instrument in which he publicly declared that Sophie would be his morganatic wife, never to bear the titles of empress, queen or archduchess, and acknowledging that their descendants would neither inherit nor be granted dynastic rights or privileges in any of the Habsburg realms.

Herzgruft

Hearts' CryptLoreto Chapel
Behind the Loreto side chapel is located the Hearts' Crypt, a semicircular-shaped annexe separated by an iron door, where 54 hearts of House of Habsburg members are kept in silver urns.
The crypt is located behind the Loreto Chapel in the Augustinian Church within the Hofburg Palace complex in Vienna, Austria.

List of rulers of Austria

Archduke of AustriaDuke of AustriaMonarch
Initially planned in the 13th century as the seat of the Dukes of Austria, the palace expanded over the centuries, as they became increasingly powerful.

Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt

Johann Lucas von HildebrandtLukas von HildebrandtHildebrandt
Numerous architects have executed work at the Hofburg as it expanded, notably the Italian architect-engineer Filiberto Luchese, Lodovico Burnacini and Martino and Domenico Carlone, the Baroque architects Lukas von Hildebrandt and Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach, Johann Fischer von Erlach, and the architects of the Neue Burg built between 1881 and 1913. The latter was originally planned by Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt and accommodated, in addition to the Aulic Council (Reichshofrat), the offices of the Imperial Vice-Chancellor (Reichsvizekanzler), who was the de facto prime minister of the Holy Roman Empire since the ceremonial position of Imperial Arch-Chancellor (Reichserzkanzler)—whom the Imperial Vice Chancellor represented—had always been filled by the Archbishop of Mainz since the Middle Ages.
In 1700, Hildebrandt became Hofburg court engineer, in 1711, head of the Court dept. of building, and in 1723, Hildebrandt became Hofburg Court architect.

Symphony No. 8 (Beethoven)

Symphony No. 8Eighth8th Symphony
The premiere of Beethoven's 8th Symphony took place there in 1814.
The premiere took place on 27 February 1814, at a concert in the Redoutensaal, Vienna, at which the Seventh Symphony (which had been premiered two months earlier) was also played.