A report on Inner Mongolia and Hohhot

Persian miniature depicting Genghis Khan entering Beijing
Wanbu Huayanjing Pagoda (Baita Pagoda) in Hohhot, 1942
The Northern Yuan at its greatest extent
People's Republic 10th Anniversary Parade in Hohhot
Mongolia plateau during early 17th century
Map including Hohhot (labeled as KUEI-SUI) (AMS, 1963)
Inner Mongolia and Outer Mongolia within the Qing dynasty, c. 1820
Huhhot and vicinities, LandSat-5 satellite image, 2005-07-12
Mongols stand in front of a yurt, 1912
A sign in Mongolian, Chinese, Tibetan, and Manchurian at the Dazhao temple in Hohhot.
Delegates of Inner Mongolia People's Congress shouting slogans
The sculpture of "Milk Capital" symbol
Inner Mongolian steppes
Great Mosque of Hohhot</TD>
Topography of Inner Mongolia in China
Winter in Ulanbutan Grassland, Hexigten Banner
Theater in Hohhot
Inner Mongolia Gymnasium
Muslim-themed Street in Hohhot
A KFC in Hohhot, the capital, with a bilingual street sign in Chinese and Mongolian
Inner Mongolian carpet c. 1870
Temple of the White Sulde of Genghis Khan in the town of Uxin in Inner Mongolia, in the Mu Us Desert. The worship of Genghis is shared by Chinese and Mongolian folk religion.
Sign of the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center
Jade dragon of the Hongshan culture (4700 BC – 2900 BC) found in Ongniud, Chifeng
Ulaanbutan grassland
Inner Mongolian grassland
Honorary tomb of Wang Zhaojun (born c. 50BC) in Hohhot
Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Baoshan, Ar Horqin
Khitan people cooking. Fresco from the Liao dynasty (907–1125) tomb at Aohan
Remains of the city Khara-Khoto built in 1032. Located in Ejin Khoshuu, Alxa Aimag
Maidari Juu temple fortress ({{zh|labels=no |c=美岱召 |p=měidài zhào}}) built by Altan Khan in 1575 near Baotou
Newly built arch in front of the Maidari Juu temple fortress (1575)
Da Zhao temple (also called Ikh Zuu) built by Altan Khan in 1579
Badekar Monastery (1749) near Baotou, Inner Mongolia. Called Badgar Zuu in Mongolian
Five Pagoda temple (1727) in Hohhot
Badain Jaran temple (1868) in western Inner Mongolia
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
Genghis Khan Mausoleum (1954)
Alshaa mountain scenery
Alxa Western Monastery (Alshaa Baruun Hiid) built in 1756

Hohhot, formerly known as Kweisui, is the capital of Inner Mongolia in the north of the People's Republic of China, serving as the region's administrative, economic and cultural center.

- Hohhot

Its capital is Hohhot; other major cities include Baotou, Chifeng, Tongliao and Ordos.

- Inner Mongolia

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The Deer monument in central Baotou City, Inner Mongolia
Badekar Monastery
Saihantalah Grasslands Park, central Baotou
Northern Weapons Park
Trip home for lunch, area rebuilt after the earthquake
Aobao Shrine
Bridge over the Yellow River
Baotou chariot and Yurt
Main airport road, Baotou
Students at Baotou Foreign Languages School playing soccer in the snow

Baotou (Buɣutu qota, Бугат хот) is the largest city by urban population in Inner Mongolia, China.

Compared to the capital of Inner Mongolia, Hohhot, Baotou's construction as a city came relatively late, being incorporated as a town in 1809.


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Ulanqab or Ulan Chab (Ulagancab.svgUlaɣančab qota; Mongolian cyrillic.Улаанцав хот) is a region administered as a prefecture-level city in south-central Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China.

It borders Hohhot to the west, Mongolia to the north, Xilin Gol League to the northeast, Hebei to the east and Shanxi to the south.

Suiyuan as claimed by the Republic of China


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Suiyuan as claimed by the Republic of China

Suiyuan is a de jure province of the Republic of China according to the ROC law, as the ROC government formally claims to be the legitimate government of China, with its capital located Guisui (now Hohhot).

The area Suiyuan covered is approximated today by the prefecture-level cities of Hohhot, Baotou, Wuhai, Ordos, Bayan Nur, and parts of Ulanqab, all today part of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.


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Demchugdongrub (left)
Foundation ceremony of Mengjiang's government
One-yuan banknote issued by the Bank of Mengjiang, 1940
A 1943 postage stamp of Mengjiang
Mengjiang shrine in Zhangjiakou, Hebei, in the 1950s
Inner Mongolia in 1911
A map of the Mengjiang United Autonomous Government
The Reformed Government's territory in central China from 1937 until 1940 when all three states, Mengjiang, the Provisional Government of the ROC (not to be confused with the 1912 government of the same name and flag) and the Reformed Government of the ROC, merged into the Reorganized National Government of the ROC.
alt=A lecture with a map of Mengjiang|A lecture held in Japan in 1940 discussing Inner Mongolia and Mengjiang, note the map in the background featuring the state
{{FIAV|historical}} Flag of the Mongol Military Government (1936–1937) and the Mongol United Autonomous Government (1937–1939)
{{FIAV|historical}} Flag of the South Chahar Autonomous Government (1937&ndash;1939)
{{FIAV|historical}} Flag of the North Shanxi Autonomous Government (1937&ndash;1939)

Mengjiang, also known as Mengkiang or the Mongol Border Land, and governed as the Mengjiang United Autonomous Government, was an autonomous area in Inner Mongolia, formed in 1939 as a puppet state of the Empire of Japan, then from 1940 being under the nominal sovereignty of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China (which was itself also a puppet state).

The capital was established at Zhangbei (Changpei), near Kalgan (Zhangjiakou), with the government's control extending around Hohhot.


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Landlocked province of the People's Republic of China and is part of the North China region.

Landlocked province of the People's Republic of China and is part of the North China region.

Pagoda of Fogong Temple built in 1056
Yan Xishan, warlord of Shanxi during the Republic of China.
Chinese troops marching to defend the mountain pass at Xinkou.
The Shanxi Museum located on the west bank of Fen River in downtown Taiyuan.
The Pagoda of Fogong Temple, Ying County, built in 1056.
A street in Pingyao.
Temple of Guandi in Datong.
Chenghuangshen (City God) Temple of Pingyao.
Western gate of a Temple of Heshen (River God) in Hequ, Xinzhou.

Shanxi borders Hebei to the east, Henan to the south, Shaanxi to the west and Inner Mongolia to the north.

During the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911), Shanxi extended north beyond the Great Wall to include parts of Inner Mongolia, including what is now the city of Hohhot, and overlapped with the jurisdiction of the Eight Banners and the Guihua Tümed banner in that area.

Ordos City

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Genghis Khan equestrian sculpture in Ordos City
Genghis Khan Mausoleum in the Ejin Horo Banner
Ordos Museum

Ordos (Mongolian: Ordos; ), also known as Ih Ju, is one of the twelve major subdivisions of Inner Mongolia, China.

It borders the prefecture-level divisions of Hohhot to the east, Baotou to the northeast, Bayan Nur to the north, Alxa League to the northwest, Wuhai to the west, the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region to its southwest, and the provinces of Shaanxi and Shanxi to the south.


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Demchugdongrub in his Japanese style uniform
Prince Demchugdongrub (left), Li Shouxin (center)

Demchugdongrub (, Demchigdonrob, Дэмчигдонров,, Chinese: 德穆楚克棟魯普, 8 February 1902– 23 May 1966), also known as Prince De (德王), courtesy name Xixian (希賢), was a Qing dynasty Mongol prince descended from the Borjigin imperial clan who lived during the 20th century and became the leader of an independence movement in Inner Mongolia.

During September 1933, the Mongolian princes of Chahar Province and Suiyuan traveled to the temple at Bailingmiao north of Guihua and gathered in a council chamber with Demchugdongrub, who for months had been trying to found a Pan-Mongolian self-rule movement.

The Hetao region's three sections: "West Loop" (brown), "Back Loop" (light brown) and "Front Loop" (yellow)


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C-shaped region in northwestern China consisting of a collection of flood plains stretching from the banks of the northern half of the Ordos Loop, a large northerly rectangular bend of the Yellow River that forms the river's entire middle section.

C-shaped region in northwestern China consisting of a collection of flood plains stretching from the banks of the northern half of the Ordos Loop, a large northerly rectangular bend of the Yellow River that forms the river's entire middle section.

The Hetao region's three sections: "West Loop" (brown), "Back Loop" (light brown) and "Front Loop" (yellow)

The Hetao region is divided into two main sections — the "West Loop" in Ningxia, and the "East Loop" in Inner Mongolia.

The east section is further divided into two parts — the western "Back Loop", which includes the Bayannur Plain around Bayannur and Wuhai; and the eastern "Front Loop" ), which includes the Tumochuan Plain around Baotou and Hohhot.

Jining District

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Map including Jining (labeled as 集寧 CHI-NING (P'ING-TI-CH'ÜAN)) (AMS, 1963)

Jining District (Mongolian script: ; ) is an urban district that serves as the administrative seat of Ulanqab, a region governed as a prefecture-level city in the mid-western part of Inner Mongolia, China.

Jining South Railway Station (集宁南站) serves as a railway intersection to the border town of Erenhot to the north, Hohhot and Baotou to the west, and Shanxi province's Datong to the south.

Jin Chinese

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The main dialect areas of Jin in China.

Jin is a proposed group of varieties of Chinese spoken by roughly 63 million people in northern China, including most of Shanxi province, much of central Inner Mongolia, and adjoining areas in Hebei, Henan, and Shaanxi provinces.

spoken in Zhangjiakou in northwestern Hebei and parts of central Inner Mongolia, including Hohhot.