Home economics

domestic sciencefamily and consumer sciencefamily studieshome economistdomestic economyhome scienceconsumer sciencedomestic sciencesoekologyfamily and consumer sciences
Home economics, domestic science or home science is a field of study that deals with the relationship between individuals, families, communities, and the environment in which they live.wikipedia
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Human ecology

Ecologyhumanhuman ecologist
In addition, home economics has a strong historic relationship to the field of human ecology, and since the 1960s a number of university-level home economics programs have been renamed "human ecology" programs, including Cornell University's program.
The philosophy and study of human ecology has a diffuse history with advancements in ecology, geography, sociology, psychology, anthropology, zoology, epidemiology, public health, and home economics, among others.

Cornell University College of Human Ecology

College of Human EcologyNYS College of Human EcologyCollege of Home Economics
In addition, home economics has a strong historic relationship to the field of human ecology, and since the 1960s a number of university-level home economics programs have been renamed "human ecology" programs, including Cornell University's program.
The College of Human Ecology is a compilation of area of study, such as consumer science, nutrition, health economics, public policy, human development and textiles, each through the perspective of human ecology.

American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences

American Home Economics AssociationAmerican Home Economics Association (AHEA)Borden Award
In 1994, various organizations, including the American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences, adopted the new term "family and consumer science" to reflect the fact that the field covers aspects outside of home life and wellness.
American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences (AAFCS) is an American professional association that networks professionals in the area of family and consumer science.

Ellen Swallow Richards

Ellen H. Richards Ellen H. Richards FellowshipEllen H. Swallow Richards
The home economics movement started with Ellen Swallow Richards, who was the first woman to attend Massachusetts Institute of Technology and later became the first female instructor.
Her pioneering work in sanitary engineering, and experimental research in domestic science, laid a foundation for the new science of home economics.

Euthenics

euthenic
Euthenics, the science of controllable environment, was also a name of her choice, but "home economics" was ultimately chosen as the official term in 1899.
Affecting the "improvement" through altering external factors such as education and the controllable environment, including the prevention and removal of contagious disease and parasites, environmentalism, education regarding employment, home economics, sanitation, and housing.

United States Department of Agriculture

USDADepartment of AgricultureU.S. Department of Agriculture
This legislation contributed to the creation of the Office of Home Economics, which grew into the Bureau of Home Economics, at the US Department of Agriculture during the early 20th century.
The Smith-Lever Act of 1914 then funded cooperative extension services in each state to teach agriculture, home economics, and other subjects to the public.

Smith–Lever Act of 1914

Smith-Lever Acthome demonstration agentlegislation
The Smith-Lever Act of 1914 and the Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 provided funding to expand demonstration work in rural communities and to develop and teach a home economics curriculum on the campuses of most state land-grant colleges.
The Smith–Lever Act of 1914 is a United States federal law that established a system of cooperative extension services, connected to the land-grant universities, in order to inform people about current developments in agriculture, home economics, public policy/government, leadership, 4-H, economic development, coastal issues (National Sea Grant College Program), and many other related subjects.

Reifenstein schools

Reifenstein schoolReifensteiner AssociationReifensteiner Schulen
Between 1880 and 1900, the Reifenstein schools concept was initiated by Ida von Kortzfleisch, a Prussian noble woman and early German feminist.
The association and its journals served as alumni network, provided a job placement service, strengthened home economics (Ekotrophology) as an academic discipline and were important for consumer advice and rural social services over all.

Bureau of Home Economics (US)

Bureau of Home Economics
This legislation contributed to the creation of the Office of Home Economics, which grew into the Bureau of Home Economics, at the US Department of Agriculture during the early 20th century.
Established in 1915, the office centralized USDA existing efforts around cooking and nutrition and other home economics topics, and was tasked with disseminating "practical applications of research knowledge" from the USDA.

Homemaking

homemakerhouseworkhousewife
Homemaker
In high school, courses included cooking, nutrition, home economics, family and consumer science (FACS), and food and cooking hygiene.

Consumer economics

Consumer economics
The term largely describes what was more commonly called "home economics" in the past.

Catharine Beecher

CatharineCatherine BeecherCatharine E. Beecher
One of the first to champion the economics of running a home was Catherine Beecher, sister to Harriet Beecher Stowe.

Harriet Beecher Stowe

HarrietHarriett Beecher StoweStowe
One of the first to champion the economics of running a home was Catherine Beecher, sister to Harriet Beecher Stowe.

Morrill Land-Grant Acts

Morrill ActMorrill Act of 1862Morrill Land-Grant Act of 1862
The Morrill Act of 1862 propelled domestic science further ahead as land grant colleges sought to educate farm wives in running their households as their husbands were being educated in agricultural methods and processes.

Iowa

IAState of IowaConstitution of the State of Iowa
Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Illinois, Minnesota and Michigan were early leaders offering programs for women.

Kansas

KSState of KansasKansan
Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Illinois, Minnesota and Michigan were early leaders offering programs for women.

Nebraska

NEState of NebraskaNeb.
Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Illinois, Minnesota and Michigan were early leaders offering programs for women.

Illinois

ILState of IllinoisIll.
Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Illinois, Minnesota and Michigan were early leaders offering programs for women.

Minnesota

MNState of MinnesotaMinnesota, USA
Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Illinois, Minnesota and Michigan were early leaders offering programs for women.

Michigan

MIState of MichiganMich.
Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Illinois, Minnesota and Michigan were early leaders offering programs for women.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MITMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)M.I.T.
The home economics movement started with Ellen Swallow Richards, who was the first woman to attend Massachusetts Institute of Technology and later became the first female instructor.

Chemistry

chemistchemicalChemical Sciences
Through her chemistry research, she became an expert in water quality and later began to focus on applying scientific principles to domestic situations.

World's Columbian Exposition

Chicago World's Fair1893 Chicago World's Fair1893 World's Fair
At the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893, she designed the Rumford Kitchen, which was a tiny kitchen that served nutritious meals to thousands of fair goers, along with a healthy dose of nutrition education.

Melvil Dewey

DeweyMelville Dewey's decimal classification system
They met at pristine Lake Placid, New York at the invitation of Melvil Dewey.

Smith–Hughes Act

Federal Board for Vocational EducationFederal Board of Vocational EducationSmith-Hughes
The Smith-Lever Act of 1914 and the Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 provided funding to expand demonstration work in rural communities and to develop and teach a home economics curriculum on the campuses of most state land-grant colleges.