Legendary author to whom the authorship of the Iliad and the Odyssey (the two epic poems that are the foundational works of ancient Greek literature) is attributed.- Homer
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Period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 6th century AD centred on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome known as the Greco-Roman world.
Conventionally, it is taken to begin with the earliest-recorded Epic Greek poetry of Homer (8th–7th-century BC), and continues through the emergence of Christianity (1st century AD) and the fall of the Western Roman Empire (5th-century AD).
The Iliad (, ; sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer.
The Odyssey is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.
The Homeric Hymns are a collection of thirty-three anonymous ancient Greek hymns celebrating individual gods.
While the modern scholarly consensus is that they were not written during the lifetime of Homer himself, they were uncritically attributed to him in antiquity—from the earliest written reference to them, Thucydides (iii.104)—and the label has stuck.
Homeric Greek is the form of the Greek language that was used by Homer in the Iliad and Odyssey and in the Homeric Hymns.
Hesiod ( Hēsíodos, 'he who emits the voice') was an ancient Greek poet generally thought to have been active between 750 and 650 BC, around the same time as Homer.
Literature written in the Ancient Greek language from the earliest texts until the time of the Byzantine Empire.
This period of Greek literature stretches from Homer until the fourth century BC and the rise of Alexander the Great.
Subdialect of the Attic–Ionic or Eastern dialect group of Ancient Greek.
The works of Homer (The Iliad, The Odyssey, and the Homeric Hymns) and of Hesiod were written in a literary dialect called Homeric Greek or Epic Greek, which largely comprises Old Ionic, with some borrowings from the neighboring Aeolic dialect to the north.
For the city in New York State, see Ithaca, New York.
The epic poems of Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey, shed some light on Bronze-Age Ithaca.
Fifth largest of the Greek islands, situated in the northern Aegean Sea.
North of Chios Town lies the large suburb of Vrontados (population 4,500), which claims to be the birthplace of Homer.