Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)
Brochure used by Save Our Children, a political coalition formed in 1977 in Miami, Florida, U.S., to overturn a recently legislated county ordinance that banned discrimination in areas of housing, employment, and public accommodation based on sexual orientation
Burning of two homosexuals (the knight Richard von Hohenburg and his squire Anton Mätzler) at the stake outside Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)
Religious protestors at a pride parade in Jerusalem, with a sign that reads, "Homo sex is immoral (Lev. 18/22)". The association of homosexual sex with immorality or sinfulness is seen by many as a homophobic act.
Dance to the Berdache
Sac and Fox Nation ceremonial dance to celebrate the two-spirit person. George Catlin (1796–1872); Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill
A woman spying on a pair of male lovers. China, Qing Dynasty.
207x207px
Female youths are depicted surrounding Sappho in this painting of Lafond "Sappho sings for Homer", 1824.
Westboro Baptist Church protesters, in Oklahoma, 2005
Sappho reading to her companions on an Attic vase of c. 435 BC
Between January 2010 and November 2014, 47 individuals have been killed due to their real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity in Turkey according to online news sources.
Photograph of the Finnish artist Touko Laaksonen (1920–1991) alias Tom of Finland, well known for his stylized highly masculinized homoerotic art, playing the piano in late 1950s. In the background, his partner Veli Mäkinen (left) and his sister Kaija (right).
Acceptance of homosexuality to GDP per capita in several countries
An illustration from the 19th-century book Sawaqub al-Manaquib depicting homosexual anal sex with a wine boy
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride carrying a banner with the flags of over 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal
Shah Abbas I of Persia with a boy. By Muhammad Qasim (1627).
U.S. President Barack Obama signs into law the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride in 2015 carrying a banner with the flags of 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.
Roy and Silo, two New York Central Park Zoo male chinstrap penguins similar to those pictured, became internationally known when they coupled and later were given an egg that needed hatching and care, which they successfully provided.

Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT).

- Homophobia

The percentage of people who are gay or lesbian and the proportion of people who are in same-sex romantic relationships or have had same-sex sexual experiences are difficult for researchers to estimate reliably for a variety of reasons, including many gay and lesbian people not openly identifying as such due to prejudice or discrimination such as homophobia and heterosexism.

- Homosexuality
Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)

11 related topics

Alpha

Apollon et Cyparisse by Claude Marie Dubufe, 1821

Gay men

Apollon et Cyparisse by Claude Marie Dubufe, 1821
Khnumhotep and Niankhkhnum nose-kissing
Pre-Columbian ceramic of two men engaging in oral sex
Two young men about to have relations. Qing China, date unknown.
The Death of Hyacinthos by Jean Broc (1801)
An illustration from the 19th-century book Sawaqub al-Manaquib depicting homosexual sex between young men
A pink triangle was worn by gay men during the Holocaust.
ACT UP was founded by Larry Kramer to fight for medical funding and research on the HIV/AIDS crisis.
1990 ACT UP radical direct action protesting the Bush Administration's slow pace of federal research for AIDS
Binyavanga Wainaina, a Kenyan writer, who came out in 2014 in response to a wave of anti-gay laws in Africa
Jamaican rapper Buju Banton has included violently homophobic messages in his music, for which he has received criticism.
Activists enact a scene of Chechen mothers mourning their disappeared sons, draped in LGBT and Chechen flags
Abdellah Taïa has written about the abuse he suffered as a gay child in Morocco.
McQueen, Fall 2008
Post-Modern Art Attack
"Magenta carpet" at Life Ball 2013
In The Maltese Falcon, Peter Lorre played an overtly stereotyped effeminate villain.
On Pose, Billy Porter plays Pray Tell, a Black gay man with AIDS in New York.
Gay men are more likely to be abused but less likely to seek help.
HIV prevention poster advocating for safe MSM sex in Vietnam
Protest against mass incarceration in Chowchilla, California in January 2013
London advert protesting the exclusion of unhoused LGBT people
Two young gay men at Taiwan Pride
A youth at DC Pride
Two fathers with their child
Two older gay men in March 2010
Buck Angel, a bisexual trans man
A gay man in a wheelchair at London Pride 2016
Two gay men kiss during a Gay Parade

Gay men are male homosexuals.

Gay men in Singapore historically have been depicted negatively in local mainstream media, and efforts to counter this homophobia from wider Singaporean society has been made difficult because of the risk of jail, bans, and censorship by the state.

Sappho and Erinna in a Garden at Mytilene by Simeon Solomon, 1864

Lesbian

Sappho and Erinna in a Garden at Mytilene by Simeon Solomon, 1864
Symbol representing lesbian made from two interlocked astronomical symbols for the planet Venus. In biology, the singular symbol represents the female sex.
Sappho of Lesbos, depicted here in a 1904 painting by John William Godward, gave the term lesbian the connotation of erotic desire between women.
Lesbian feminist flag consisting of a labrys (a double-bladed axe) within the inverted black triangle, set against a violet-hue background. The labrys represents lesbian strength.
Lesbian flag derived from the colors of the Lipstick lesbian flag design.
Lesbian community flag introduced in social media in 2018, with the dark orange stripe representing gender variance.
Lesbianism and hermaphroditism, depicted here in an engraving c. 1690, were very similar concepts during the Renaissance.
Gender masquerade as a dramatic device was popular in the 16th and 17th centuries, such as this scene of Viola and Olivia from Twelfth Night by Frederick Pickersgill (1859).
Intimacy between women was fashionable between the 17th and 19th centuries, although sexuality was rarely publicly acknowledged. (Photograph c. 1900.)
The Ladies of Llangollen, Eleanor Butler and Sarah Ponsonby.
The two women had a relationship that was hailed as devoted and virtuous, after eloping and living 51 years together in Wales.
Berlin's thriving lesbian community in the 1920s published Die Freundin magazine between 1924 and 1933.
Radclyffe Hall's image appeared in many newspapers discussing the content of The Well of Loneliness.
Harlem resident Gladys Bentley was renowned for her blues songs about her affairs with women.
Women's experiences in the work force and the military during World War II gave them economic and social options that helped to shape lesbian subculture.
Women who did not conform to the Nazi ideal of a woman were considered asocial, imprisoned, and identified with a black triangle. Lesbians were deemed asocial.
Many lesbians reclaimed the symbolism of the pink triangle, though the Nazis only applied it to gay men.
The 1957 first edition of The Ladder, mailed to hundreds of women in the San Francisco area, urged women to take off their masks.
Though marketed to heterosexual men, lesbian pulp fiction provided an identity to isolated women in the 1950s.
A historic shunga woodblock printing from Japan depicting two women having sex.
Kinsey's scale of sexual responses showing exclusively heterosexual and homosexual, with the varying degrees of bisexuality in between.
In Bed by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1893). The Parisian artist employed the association between lesbianism and prostitution.
Lesbianism, or homosexuality, was never spoken about in The Children's Hour, but it is transparent why Shirley MacLaine's character hangs herself.
Ellen DeGeneres with her Emmy Award in 1997. Her coming out in the media, as well as her sitcom, "ranks, hands down, as the single most public exit in gay history", changing media portrayals of lesbians in Western culture.
The August 1993 cover of Vanity Fair that marked the arrival of lesbian chic as a social phenomenon in the 1990s.
Attendees at 2012 New York City Pride parade.

A lesbian is a homosexual woman.

Sexual identity is not necessarily the same as one's sexual orientation or sexual behavior, due to various reasons, such as the fear of identifying their sexual orientation in a homophobic setting.

Ladyboys in Thailand

Sexual orientation

Enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.

Enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.

Ladyboys in Thailand
Gay Pride, Paris 2009

These attractions are generally subsumed under heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality, while asexuality (the lack of sexual attraction to others) is sometimes identified as the fourth category.

Research suggests that sexual orientation is independent of cultural and other social influences, but that open identification of one's sexual orientation may be hindered by homophobic/heterosexist settings.

An African-American man drinking from a racially segregated water cooler marked "Colored", in Oklahoma City c. 1939.

Discrimination

Act of making unjustified distinctions between people based on the groups, classes, or other categories to which they belong or are perceived to belong.

Act of making unjustified distinctions between people based on the groups, classes, or other categories to which they belong or are perceived to belong.

An African-American man drinking from a racially segregated water cooler marked "Colored", in Oklahoma City c. 1939.
Nationalists in Corsica sometimes spray-paint or shoot traffic signs in French.
Anti-Arab sign in Pattaya Beach, Thailand
German warning in German-occupied Poland 1939 – "No entrance for Poles!"
Antisemitic graffiti in Lithuania. The words read Juden raus (German for Jews out) and Hasse (presumably a misspelling of Hass, German for hate)
An African-American child at a segregated drinking fountain on a courthouse lawn, North Carolina, US 1938.
In the 1990s, Bhutan expelled its Hindu population or forced it to leave the country in order to preserve Bhutan's Buddhist culture and identity.
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride carrying a banner with the flags of over 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal.
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.
Students protesting against racial quotas in Brazil: "Quer uma vaga? Passe no vestibular!" ("Do you want a spot? Pass the entrance exam!")
An anti-discrimination education workshop at the Auschwitz Jewish Center, Poland, 2019

They may experience hatred from others because of their sexuality; a term for such hatred based upon one's sexual orientation is often called homophobia.

This research found that of the 80 countries around the world that continue to consider homosexuality illegal, five carry the death penalty for homosexual activity, and two do in some regions of the country.

Mr. Prejudice - painted by Horace Pippin in 1943, depicts a personal view of race relations in the United States

Prejudice

Affective feeling towards a person based on their perceived group membership.

Affective feeling towards a person based on their perceived group membership.

Mr. Prejudice - painted by Horace Pippin in 1943, depicts a personal view of race relations in the United States

Like most minority groups, homosexuals and bisexuals are not immune to prejudice or stereotypes from the majority group.

They may experience hatred from others due to their sexual orientation; a term for such intense hatred based upon one's sexual orientation is homophobia.

The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Manhattan, site of the June 28, 1969 Stonewall riots, the cradle of the modern worldwide LGBT rights movement, is adorned with rainbow pride flags.

LGBT history

LGBT history dates back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality of ancient civilizations, involving the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) peoples and cultures around the world.

LGBT history dates back to the first recorded instances of same-sex love and sexuality of ancient civilizations, involving the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) peoples and cultures around the world.

The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Manhattan, site of the June 28, 1969 Stonewall riots, the cradle of the modern worldwide LGBT rights movement, is adorned with rainbow pride flags.
A woman spying on a pair of male lovers. China, Qing Dynasty.
'Bewhiskered Man Importuning a Wakashû' by Miyagawa Isshô, 1736 to 1744
A Ramesside period ostraca, depicting a pederastic couple (a boy and man) having sex together
George Catlin's painting/interpretation of Sac and Fox Nation people, which he titled Dance to the Berdache [sic]. George Catlin (1796–1872); Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC
Male couple (erastes and eromenos) kissing (Attic red-figured cup, c. 480 BCE)
Sappho reading to her companions on an Attic vase of c. 435 BCE.
Female youths are depicted surrounding Sappho in this painting of Lafond "Sappho sings for Homer", 1824.
Statue of Antinous (Delphi), polychrome Parian marble depicting Antinous, made during the reign of Hadrian (r. 117–138 CE), his lover
Vita homosexualis, a 1902 collection of August Fleischmann's popular pamphlets on the third sex and against §175 – a copy from the library of the Wissenschaftlich-humanitäres Komitee, confiscated on 6 May 1933, annotated on the endpaper: "Destined for destruction in accordance with the Reichspresident's decree of 28 February 1933!" and hidden from the public (label "Secr.") as Nazi plunder at the Prussian State Library.
Watercolour portrait of Lister, probably by a Mrs Turner of Halifax, 1822
Gay club Eldorado (1932) in Berlin
Spanish Anarcha-feminist and lesbian Lucía Sánchez Saornil, co-founder of Mujeres Libres and socialist libertarian figure of Spanish Revolution of 1936.
Lesbian periodical Die Freundin, 1928
Sheet music poking fun at the masculine traits many women adopted during the 1920s.
1943 Painting of a World War II WAC Air Controller artist: Dan V. Smith

Homosexuality started become eliminated in China by the Self-Strengthening Movement, when homophobia was imported to China along with Western science and philosophy.

Despite these laws, sex crimes were punished identically whether they were homosexual or heterosexual in the Assyrian society.

Cartoon from Punch magazine in 1857 illustrating the use of "gay" as a colloquial euphemism for being a prostitute. One woman says to the other (who looks glum), "How long have you been gay?" The poster on the wall is for La Traviata, an opera about a courtesan.

Gay

Cartoon from Punch magazine in 1857 illustrating the use of "gay" as a colloquial euphemism for being a prostitute. One woman says to the other (who looks glum), "How long have you been gay?" The poster on the wall is for La Traviata, an opera about a courtesan.
Usage statistics from English books, according to Google Ngram Viewer.
The rainbow flag is a symbol of gay pride.
Symbol of LGBT
"Bar Revenge", a Gay Bar in Brighton, England

Gay is a term that primarily refers to a homosexual person or the trait of being homosexual.

This usage of the word has been criticized as homophobic.

Soweto Pride 2012 participants remember lesbians raped and murdered in 2007.

Lesbophobia

Lesbophobia (sometimes lesbiphobia) comprises various forms of prejudice and negativity towards lesbians as individuals, as couples, or as a social group.

Lesbophobia (sometimes lesbiphobia) comprises various forms of prejudice and negativity towards lesbians as individuals, as couples, or as a social group.

Soweto Pride 2012 participants remember lesbians raped and murdered in 2007.

Lesbophobia is misogyny that intersects with homophobia, and vice versa.

While some people use only the more general term homophobia to describe this sort of prejudice or behavior, others believe that the terms homosexual and homophobia do not adequately reflect the specific concerns of lesbians, because they experience the double discrimination of both homophobia and sexism.

The bisexual pride flag

Bisexuality

Romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior toward both males and females, or to more than one gender.

Romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior toward both males and females, or to more than one gender.

The bisexual pride flag
The overlapping triangles
The double moon
Venus flanked by Venus and Mars symbols for a bisexual woman
Mars flanked by Venus and Mars symbols for a bisexual man
Shudo (Japanese pederasty): a young male entertains an older male lover, covering his eyes while surreptitiously kissing a female servant.
Young man and adolescent engaging in intercrural sex, fragment of a black-figure Attic cup, 550 BC–525 BC, Louvre
Angelina Jolie is an openly bisexual American actress.

The term bisexuality is mainly used in the context of human attraction to denote romantic or sexual feelings toward both men and women, and the concept is one of the three main classifications of sexual orientation along with heterosexuality and homosexuality, all of which exist on the heterosexual–homosexual continuum.

In addition to the discrimination associated with homophobia, bisexuals frequently contend with discrimination from gay men, lesbians, and straight society around the word bisexual and bisexual identity itself.

The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, a landmark event in the struggle for LGBT rights in the United States.

LGBT movements

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) movements are social movements that advocate for LGBT people in society.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) movements are social movements that advocate for LGBT people in society.

The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, a landmark event in the struggle for LGBT rights in the United States.
An LGBT protest at the Idaho statehouse in 2014
Jeremy Bentham, an early advocate for the decriminalization of homosexuality
Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, German gay rights activist of the 1860s
May 14, 1928, issue of German lesbian periodical Die Freundin (The Girlfriend)
Cover of U.S. lesbian publication The Ladder from October 1957. The motif of masks and unmasking was prevalent in the homophile era, prefiguring the political strategy of coming out and giving the Mattachine Society its name.
Gay liberation demonstration in Washington, DC, in the early 1970s
The 1971 GLF cover version of Ink magazine, printed in London
Legalisation of LGBT sex, civil unions and marriages in Europe from 1900 to 2021
The rainbow flag
37th Annual "Straights For Gay Rights" in Berkeley, California
Anti-gay protestors in San Francisco
Anti-gay demonstrators in Poland
Parada Równości 2018, Warsaw, Poland

Some have also focused on building LGBT communities or worked towards liberation for the broader society from biphobia, homophobia, and transphobia.

Hall subscribed to Ellis and Krafft-Ebing's theories and rejected (conservatively understood version of) Freud's theory that same-sex attraction was caused by childhood trauma and was curable.