A report on Homosexuality and LGBT movements

Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)
The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, a landmark event in the struggle for LGBT rights in the United States.
Burning of two homosexuals (the knight Richard von Hohenburg and his squire Anton Mätzler) at the stake outside Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)
An LGBT protest at the Idaho statehouse in 2014
Dance to the Berdache
Sac and Fox Nation ceremonial dance to celebrate the two-spirit person. George Catlin (1796–1872); Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Jeremy Bentham, an early advocate for the decriminalization of homosexuality
A woman spying on a pair of male lovers. China, Qing Dynasty.
Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, German gay rights activist of the 1860s
Female youths are depicted surrounding Sappho in this painting of Lafond "Sappho sings for Homer", 1824.
May 14, 1928, issue of German lesbian periodical Die Freundin (The Girlfriend)
Sappho reading to her companions on an Attic vase of c. 435 BC
Cover of U.S. lesbian publication The Ladder from October 1957. The motif of masks and unmasking was prevalent in the homophile era, prefiguring the political strategy of coming out and giving the Mattachine Society its name.
Photograph of the Finnish artist Touko Laaksonen (1920–1991) alias Tom of Finland, well known for his stylized highly masculinized homoerotic art, playing the piano in late 1950s. In the background, his partner Veli Mäkinen (left) and his sister Kaija (right).
Gay liberation demonstration in Washington, DC, in the early 1970s
An illustration from the 19th-century book Sawaqub al-Manaquib depicting homosexual anal sex with a wine boy
The 1971 GLF cover version of Ink magazine, printed in London
Shah Abbas I of Persia with a boy. By Muhammad Qasim (1627).
Legalisation of LGBT sex, civil unions and marriages in Europe from 1900 to 2021
U.S. President Barack Obama signs into law the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010
The rainbow flag
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride in 2015 carrying a banner with the flags of 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal
37th Annual "Straights For Gay Rights" in Berkeley, California
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.
Anti-gay protestors in San Francisco
Roy and Silo, two New York Central Park Zoo male chinstrap penguins similar to those pictured, became internationally known when they coupled and later were given an egg that needed hatching and care, which they successfully provided.
Anti-gay demonstrators in Poland
Blood donation policies for men who have sex with men
–Men who have sex with men may donate blood; No deferral
–Men who have sex with men may donate blood; Temporary deferral
–Men who have sex with men may not donate blood; Permanent deferral
–No Data
Parada Równości 2018, Warsaw, Poland
Original Rainbow Pride Flag in San Francisco, designed by Gilbert Baker in 1978
Laws concerning gender identity-expression by country or territory
Legal identity change, surgery not required
Legal identity change, surgery required
No legal identity change
Unknown/Ambiguous

Since the end of the 20th century, there has been a global movement towards freedom and equality for gay people, including the introduction of anti-bullying legislation to protect gay children at school, legislation ensuring non-discrimination, equal ability to serve in the military, equal access to health care, equal ability to adopt and parent, and the establishment of marriage equality.

- Homosexuality

Hall subscribed to Ellis and Krafft-Ebing's theories and rejected (conservatively understood version of) Freud's theory that same-sex attraction was caused by childhood trauma and was curable.

- LGBT movements
Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)

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Brochure used by Save Our Children, a political coalition formed in 1977 in Miami, Florida, U.S., to overturn a recently legislated county ordinance that banned discrimination in areas of housing, employment, and public accommodation based on sexual orientation

Homophobia

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Brochure used by Save Our Children, a political coalition formed in 1977 in Miami, Florida, U.S., to overturn a recently legislated county ordinance that banned discrimination in areas of housing, employment, and public accommodation based on sexual orientation
Religious protestors at a pride parade in Jerusalem, with a sign that reads, "Homo sex is immoral (Lev. 18/22)". The association of homosexual sex with immorality or sinfulness is seen by many as a homophobic act.
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill
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Westboro Baptist Church protesters, in Oklahoma, 2005
Between January 2010 and November 2014, 47 individuals have been killed due to their real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity in Turkey according to online news sources.
Acceptance of homosexuality to GDP per capita in several countries
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride carrying a banner with the flags of over 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal

Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT).

Five carry the death penalty for homosexual activity: Iran, Mauritania, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen. Since the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran, the Iranian government has executed more than 4,000 people charged with homosexual acts. In Saudi Arabia, the maximum punishment for homosexuality is public execution, but the government will use other punishments – e.g., fines, jail time, whipping – and even forced sex change as alternatives, unless it feels that people engaging in homosexual activity are challenging state authority by engaging in LGBT social movements.

Hirschfeld in 1932

Magnus Hirschfeld

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German physician and sexologist educated primarily in Germany; he based his practice in Berlin-Charlottenburg during the Weimar period.

German physician and sexologist educated primarily in Germany; he based his practice in Berlin-Charlottenburg during the Weimar period.

Hirschfeld in 1932
Hirschfeld in 1932
Hirschfeld (center) with Bernhard Schapiro and Li Shiu Tong (also known as Tao Li), c. 1930
Poster advertising Sarah Baartman
Conrad Veidt and Hirschfeld as Paul Körner and the Doctor in Different from the Others
Memorial plaque in Berlin-Tiergarten
Ad for a speech "Postponed" to Sunday, 18 January 1931, at the "Dil-Pickle Club" on State Street, Chicago
On 10 May 1933, Nazis in Berlin burned works by leftists and other authors which they considered "un-German", including thousands of books that were looted from the library of Hirschfeld's Institut für Sexualwissenschaft.
Gloria Mansions I, 63 Promenade des Anglais, Nice, the apartment complex where Magnus Hirschfeld died on 14 May 1935
Filmposter for Hirschfeld's Gesetze der Liebe, 1927
U.S. first edition of Robert Hichens, That Which Is Hidden (Doubleday, Doran, 1940).
Was muss das Volk vom dritten Geschlecht wissen!, 1901
Jahrbuch für sexuelle Zwischenstufen, 1914
Hirschfeld's tomb in the Caucade Cemetery in Nice, France, photographed the day before the 75th anniversary of his death
Bust of Magnus Hirschfeld in the Schwules Museum, Berlin

Historian Dustin Goltz characterized the committee as having carried out "the first advocacy for homosexual and transgender rights".

The group aimed to undertake research to defend the rights of homosexuals and to repeal Paragraph 175, the section of the German penal code that, since 1871, had criminalized homosexuality.