Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)
Sappho and Erinna in a Garden at Mytilene by Simeon Solomon, 1864
Burning of two homosexuals (the knight Richard von Hohenburg and his squire Anton Mätzler) at the stake outside Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)
Dance to the Berdache
Sac and Fox Nation ceremonial dance to celebrate the two-spirit person. George Catlin (1796–1872); Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
A woman spying on a pair of male lovers. China, Qing Dynasty.
Female youths are depicted surrounding Sappho in this painting of Lafond "Sappho sings for Homer", 1824.
Sappho reading to her companions on an Attic vase of c. 435 BC
Photograph of the Finnish artist Touko Laaksonen (1920–1991) alias Tom of Finland, well known for his stylized highly masculinized homoerotic art, playing the piano in late 1950s. In the background, his partner Veli Mäkinen (left) and his sister Kaija (right).
An illustration from the 19th-century book Sawaqub al-Manaquib depicting homosexual anal sex with a wine boy
Shah Abbas I of Persia with a boy. By Muhammad Qasim (1627).
U.S. President Barack Obama signs into law the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride in 2015 carrying a banner with the flags of 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.
Roy and Silo, two New York Central Park Zoo male chinstrap penguins similar to those pictured, became internationally known when they coupled and later were given an egg that needed hatching and care, which they successfully provided.

In 2011, the United Nations Human Rights Council passed its first resolution recognizing LGBT rights, following which the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights issued a report documenting violations of the rights of LGBT people, including hate crimes, criminalization of homosexual activity, and discrimination.

- LGBT rights by country or territory

Since the end of the 20th century, there has been a global movement towards freedom and equality for gay people, including the introduction of anti-bullying legislation to protect gay children at school, legislation ensuring non-discrimination, equal ability to serve in the military, equal access to health care, equal ability to adopt and parent, and the establishment of marriage equality.

- Homosexuality
Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)

3 related topics

Alpha

A six-band rainbow flag representing the LGBT community

LGBT

Initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.

Initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.

A six-band rainbow flag representing the LGBT community
The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, the cradle of the modern LGBT rights movement and an icon of LGBT culture, is adorned with rainbow pride flags.
LGBT publications, pride parades, and related events, such as this stage at Bologna Pride 2008 in Italy, increasingly drop the LGBT initialism instead of regularly adding new letters, and dealing with issues of placement of those letters within the new title.
2010 pride parade in Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires, which uses the LGBTIQ initialism
People gathering at the Senate Square, Helsinki, right before the 2011 Helsinki Pride parade started
LGBT families, like these in a 2007 Boston pride parade, are labeled as non-heterosexual by researchers for a variety of reasons.

The first widely used term, homosexual, now a term used primarily in scientific contexts, has at times carried negative connotations in the United States.

A dispute as to whether the primary focus of their political aims should be feminism or gay rights led to the dissolution of some lesbian organizations, including the Daughters of Bilitis, which was founded by Del Martin and Phyllis Lyon but disbanded in 1970 following disputes over which goal should take precedence.

Cartoon from Punch magazine in 1857 illustrating the use of "gay" as a colloquial euphemism for being a prostitute. One woman says to the other (who looks glum), "How long have you been gay?" The poster on the wall is for La Traviata, an opera about a courtesan.

Gay

Cartoon from Punch magazine in 1857 illustrating the use of "gay" as a colloquial euphemism for being a prostitute. One woman says to the other (who looks glum), "How long have you been gay?" The poster on the wall is for La Traviata, an opera about a courtesan.
Usage statistics from English books, according to Google Ngram Viewer.
The rainbow flag is a symbol of gay pride.
Symbol of LGBT
"Bar Revenge", a Gay Bar in Brighton, England

Gay is a term that primarily refers to a homosexual person or the trait of being homosexual.

The British gay rights activist Peter Tatchell has argued that the term gay is merely a cultural expression which reflects the current status of homosexuality within a given society, and claiming that "Queer, gay, homosexual ... in the long view, they are all just temporary identities. One day, we will not need them at all."

Burning of the accused sodomites outside the walls of Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)

Sodomy law

[[File:Penalización de la homosexualidad por país.png|thumb|520px|Legal status of homosexuality around the world (2021):

[[File:Penalización de la homosexualidad por país.png|thumb|520px|Legal status of homosexuality around the world (2021):

Burning of the accused sodomites outside the walls of Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)
Depiction of the buggery of a goat, by Paul Avril

In 2011, the United Nations Human Rights Council passed an LGBT rights resolution, which was followed up by a report published by the UN Human Rights Commissioner which included scrutiny of the mentioned codes.

This age was lowered to 18 in the East in 1968 and the West in 1973, and all legal distinctions between heterosexual and homosexual acts were abolished in the East in 1988, with this change being extended to all of Germany in 1994 as part of the process of German Reunification.