A report on Homosexuality and Sodomy law

Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)
Burning of the accused sodomites outside the walls of Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)
Burning of two homosexuals (the knight Richard von Hohenburg and his squire Anton Mätzler) at the stake outside Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)
Depiction of the buggery of a goat, by Paul Avril
Dance to the Berdache
Sac and Fox Nation ceremonial dance to celebrate the two-spirit person. George Catlin (1796–1872); Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
Legal status of sodomy around the world (2022):
Legal
Illegal
A woman spying on a pair of male lovers. China, Qing Dynasty.
1791–1850
1850–1945
1946–1989
1990–present
Unknown date of legalization of same-sex intercourse
Same-sex sexual intercourse always legal
Still criminalized
Female youths are depicted surrounding Sappho in this painting of Lafond "Sappho sings for Homer", 1824.
US sodomy laws by the year when they were repealed or struck down. In the late 1950s, drafts of the Model Penal Code recommended decriminalizing sodomy and the first state to adopt decriminalization was Illinois (light yellow) in 1961. Sodomy laws remaining as of 2003 were struck down by the US Supreme Court in Lawrence v. Texas.
Laws repealed or struck down from 1970 to 1979
Laws repealed or struck down from 1980 to 1989
Laws repealed or struck down from 1990 to 1999
Laws repealed or struck down from 2000 to 2002
Laws struck down by the Supreme Court of the United States in 2003
Sappho reading to her companions on an Attic vase of c. 435 BC
Photograph of the Finnish artist Touko Laaksonen (1920–1991) alias Tom of Finland, well known for his stylized highly masculinized homoerotic art, playing the piano in late 1950s. In the background, his partner Veli Mäkinen (left) and his sister Kaija (right).
An illustration from the 19th-century book Sawaqub al-Manaquib depicting homosexual anal sex with a wine boy
Shah Abbas I of Persia with a boy. By Muhammad Qasim (1627).
U.S. President Barack Obama signs into law the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride in 2015 carrying a banner with the flags of 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.
Roy and Silo, two New York Central Park Zoo male chinstrap penguins similar to those pictured, became internationally known when they coupled and later were given an egg that needed hatching and care, which they successfully provided.
Blood donation policies for men who have sex with men
–Men who have sex with men may donate blood; No deferral
–Men who have sex with men may donate blood; Temporary deferral
–Men who have sex with men may not donate blood; Permanent deferral
–No Data
Original Rainbow Pride Flag in San Francisco, designed by Gilbert Baker in 1978

arguing against a Prussian anti-sodomy law.

- Homosexuality

This age was lowered to 18 in the East in 1968 and the West in 1973, and all legal distinctions between heterosexual and homosexual acts were abolished in the East in 1988, with this change being extended to all of Germany in 1994 as part of the process of German Reunification.

- Sodomy law
Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)

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Laws concerning gender identity-expression by country or territory
Legal identity change, surgery not required
Legal identity change, surgery required
No legal identity change
Unknown/Ambiguous

LGBT rights by country or territory

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Rights affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or jurisdiction—encompassing everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty for homosexuality.

Rights affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or jurisdiction—encompassing everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty for homosexuality.

Laws concerning gender identity-expression by country or territory
Legal identity change, surgery not required
Legal identity change, surgery required
No legal identity change
Unknown/Ambiguous

In 2011, the United Nations Human Rights Council passed its first resolution recognizing LGBT rights, following which the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights issued a report documenting violations of the rights of LGBT people, including hate crimes, criminalization of homosexual activity, and discrimination.

sodomy laws that penalize consensual same-sex sexual activity. These may or may not target homosexuals, males or males and females, or leave some homosexual acts legal.

François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le Pot-Pourri de Loth, 1781

Sodomy

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Generally anal or oral sex between people, or sexual activity between a person and a non-human animal (bestiality), but it may also mean any non-procreative sexual activity.

Generally anal or oral sex between people, or sexual activity between a person and a non-human animal (bestiality), but it may also mean any non-procreative sexual activity.

François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le Pot-Pourri de Loth, 1781
The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, John Martin, 1852
Dante and Virgil interview the sodomites, from 's commentary on the Commedia, c. 1345
Monks accused of sodomy burned at the stake, Ghent 1578
A wanted poster, published in the city of Amsterdam in 1730, accusing ten men of "the abominable crime of sodomy" (de verfoeyelyke Crimen van Sodomie)
Queer anarchists protesting against homophobia, with banner reading "Sodomize," on 11 October 2009

Sodomy laws in many countries criminalized the behavior.

In practice, sodomy laws have rarely been enforced against heterosexual couples, and have mostly been used to target homosexuals.

A smiling same-sex male couple at Pride in London

Same-sex relationship

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Romantic or sexual relationship between people of the same sex.

Romantic or sexual relationship between people of the same sex.

A smiling same-sex male couple at Pride in London
Young men sipping tea, reading poetry, and having sex
Individual panel from a hand scroll on same-sex themes, paint on silk; China, Qing dynasty (c. 18th–19th); Kinsey Institute, Bloomington, Indiana
Two men marrying in Amsterdam within the first month that marriage was opened to same-sex couples in the Netherlands (2001)
A female same-sex couple celebrating the US Supreme Court decision Obergefell v. Hodges, which recognized same-sex marriage nationwide
Lesbian couple with children
According to historian John Boswell, Saints Sergius and Bacchus may have been united in a pact called Adelphopoiesis, or "brother-making".

People in a same-sex relationship may identify as homosexual, bisexual, or even occasionally heterosexual.

A sodomy law defines certain sexual acts as sex crimes.

Bowers v. Hardwick

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Bowers v. Hardwick, 478 U.S. 186 (1986), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld, in a 5–4 ruling, the constitutionality of a Georgia sodomy law criminalizing oral and anal sex in private between consenting adults, in this case with respect to homosexual sodomy, though the law did not differentiate between homosexual sodomy and heterosexual sodomy.

It has been claimed that Powell's decision to uphold the law was influenced by his belief that he had never known any homosexuals, even though one of his own law clerks was gay.

Location of the United Kingdom

LGBT rights in the United Kingdom

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Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are among the most advanced in Europe.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are among the most advanced in Europe.

Location of the United Kingdom
A same-sex marriage in the United Kingdom
Members of Her Majesty's Armed Forces marching at the 2016 Pride in London parade
Bisexual people in the parade at Pride in London 2016
Pride in London 2018
Stonewall at the 2013 Pride in London parade
Participants at the 2018 Norwich Pride parade

The Act was the country's first civil sodomy law, such offences having previously been dealt with by the ecclesiastical courts.

The British Army, Royal Air Force and Royal Navy now require all recruits to undergo Equality and Diversity training as part of their Military Annual Training Tests and stress tolerance, specifically citing homosexual examples in training videos, in line with Army, Navy and RAF Core Values and Standards, including "Respect for Others" and "Appropriate Behaviour."