A report on Homosexuality

Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)
Burning of two homosexuals (the knight Richard von Hohenburg and his squire Anton Mätzler) at the stake outside Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)
Dance to the Berdache
Sac and Fox Nation ceremonial dance to celebrate the two-spirit person. George Catlin (1796–1872); Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
A woman spying on a pair of male lovers. China, Qing Dynasty.
Female youths are depicted surrounding Sappho in this painting of Lafond "Sappho sings for Homer", 1824.
Sappho reading to her companions on an Attic vase of c. 435 BC
Photograph of the Finnish artist Touko Laaksonen (1920–1991) alias Tom of Finland, well known for his stylized highly masculinized homoerotic art, playing the piano in late 1950s. In the background, his partner Veli Mäkinen (left) and his sister Kaija (right).
An illustration from the 19th-century book Sawaqub al-Manaquib depicting homosexual anal sex with a wine boy
Shah Abbas I of Persia with a boy. By Muhammad Qasim (1627).
U.S. President Barack Obama signs into law the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride in 2015 carrying a banner with the flags of 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.
Roy and Silo, two New York Central Park Zoo male chinstrap penguins similar to those pictured, became internationally known when they coupled and later were given an egg that needed hatching and care, which they successfully provided.
Blood donation policies for men who have sex with men
–Men who have sex with men may donate blood; No deferral
–Men who have sex with men may donate blood; Temporary deferral
–Men who have sex with men may not donate blood; Permanent deferral
–No Data
Original Rainbow Pride Flag in San Francisco, designed by Gilbert Baker in 1978

Romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.

- Homosexuality
Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)

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Ladyboys in Thailand

Sexual orientation

20 links

Enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.

Enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.

Ladyboys in Thailand
Gay Pride, Paris 2009

These attractions are generally subsumed under heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality, while asexuality (the lack of sexual attraction to others) is sometimes identified as the fourth category.

Brochure used by Save Our Children, a political coalition formed in 1977 in Miami, Florida, U.S., to overturn a recently legislated county ordinance that banned discrimination in areas of housing, employment, and public accommodation based on sexual orientation

Homophobia

11 links

Brochure used by Save Our Children, a political coalition formed in 1977 in Miami, Florida, U.S., to overturn a recently legislated county ordinance that banned discrimination in areas of housing, employment, and public accommodation based on sexual orientation
Religious protestors at a pride parade in Jerusalem, with a sign that reads, "Homo sex is immoral (Lev. 18/22)". The association of homosexual sex with immorality or sinfulness is seen by many as a homophobic act.
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill
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Westboro Baptist Church protesters, in Oklahoma, 2005
Between January 2010 and November 2014, 47 individuals have been killed due to their real or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity in Turkey according to online news sources.
Acceptance of homosexuality to GDP per capita in several countries
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride carrying a banner with the flags of over 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal

Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT).

Sappho and Erinna in a Garden at Mytilene by Simeon Solomon, 1864

Lesbian

9 links

Sappho and Erinna in a Garden at Mytilene by Simeon Solomon, 1864
Symbol representing lesbian made from two interlocked astronomical symbols for the planet Venus. In biology, the singular symbol represents the female sex.
Sappho of Lesbos, depicted here in a 1904 painting by John William Godward, gave the term lesbian the connotation of erotic desire between women.
Lesbian feminist flag consisting of a labrys (a double-bladed axe) within the inverted black triangle, set against a violet-hue background. The labrys represents lesbian strength.
Lesbian flag derived from the colors of the Lipstick lesbian flag design.
Lesbian community flag introduced in social media in 2018, with the dark orange stripe representing gender variance.
Lesbianism and hermaphroditism, depicted here in an engraving c. 1690, were very similar concepts during the Renaissance.
Gender masquerade as a dramatic device was popular in the 16th and 17th centuries, such as this scene of Viola and Olivia from Twelfth Night by Frederick Pickersgill (1859).
Intimacy between women was fashionable between the 17th and 19th centuries, although sexuality was rarely publicly acknowledged. (Photograph c. 1900.)
The Ladies of Llangollen, Eleanor Butler and Sarah Ponsonby.
The two women had a relationship that was hailed as devoted and virtuous, after eloping and living 51 years together in Wales.
Berlin's thriving lesbian community in the 1920s published Die Freundin magazine between 1924 and 1933.
Radclyffe Hall's image appeared in many newspapers discussing the content of The Well of Loneliness.
Harlem resident Gladys Bentley was renowned for her blues songs about her affairs with women.
Women's experiences in the work force and the military during World War II gave them economic and social options that helped to shape lesbian subculture.
Women who did not conform to the Nazi ideal of a woman were considered asocial, imprisoned, and identified with a black triangle. Lesbians were deemed asocial.
Many lesbians reclaimed the symbolism of the pink triangle, though the Nazis only applied it to gay men.
The 1957 first edition of The Ladder, mailed to hundreds of women in the San Francisco area, urged women to take off their masks.
Though marketed to heterosexual men, lesbian pulp fiction provided an identity to isolated women in the 1950s.
A historic shunga woodblock printing from Japan depicting two women having sex.
Kinsey's scale of sexual responses showing exclusively heterosexual and homosexual, with the varying degrees of bisexuality in between.
In Bed by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1893). The Parisian artist employed the association between lesbianism and prostitution.
Lesbianism, or homosexuality, was never spoken about in The Children's Hour, but it is transparent why Shirley MacLaine's character hangs herself.
Ellen DeGeneres with her Emmy Award in 1997. Her coming out in the media, as well as her sitcom, "ranks, hands down, as the single most public exit in gay history", changing media portrayals of lesbians in Western culture.
The August 1993 cover of Vanity Fair that marked the arrival of lesbian chic as a social phenomenon in the 1990s.
Attendees at 2012 New York City Pride parade.
Symbol representing lesbian made from two interlocked astronomical symbols for the planet Venus. In biology, the singular symbol represents the female sex.

A lesbian is a homosexual woman.

Apollon et Cyparisse by Claude Marie Dubufe, 1821

Gay men

8 links

Apollon et Cyparisse by Claude Marie Dubufe, 1821
Khnumhotep and Niankhkhnum nose-kissing
Pre-Columbian ceramic of two men engaging in oral sex
Two young men about to have relations. Qing China, date unknown.
The Death of Hyacinthos by Jean Broc (1801)
An illustration from the 19th-century book Sawaqub al-Manaquib depicting homosexual sex between young men
A pink triangle was worn by gay men during the Holocaust.
ACT UP was founded by Larry Kramer to fight for medical funding and research on the HIV/AIDS crisis.
1990 ACT UP radical direct action protesting the Bush Administration's slow pace of federal research for AIDS
Binyavanga Wainaina, a Kenyan writer, who came out in 2014 in response to a wave of anti-gay laws in Africa
Jamaican rapper Buju Banton has included violently homophobic messages in his music, for which he has received criticism.
Activists enact a scene of Chechen mothers mourning their disappeared sons, draped in LGBT and Chechen flags
Abdellah Taïa has written about the abuse he suffered as a gay child in Morocco.
McQueen, Fall 2008
Post-Modern Art Attack
"Magenta carpet" at Life Ball 2013
In The Maltese Falcon, Peter Lorre played an overtly stereotyped effeminate villain.
On Pose, Billy Porter plays Pray Tell, a Black gay man with AIDS in New York.
Gay men are more likely to be abused but less likely to seek help.
HIV prevention poster advocating for safe MSM sex in Vietnam
Protest against mass incarceration in Chowchilla, California in January 2013
London advert protesting the exclusion of unhoused LGBT people
Two young gay men at Taiwan Pride
A youth at DC Pride
Two fathers with their child
Two older gay men in March 2010
Buck Angel, a bisexual trans man
A gay man in a wheelchair at London Pride 2016
Two gay men kiss during a Gay Parade

Gay men are male homosexuals.

The bisexual pride flag

Bisexuality

8 links

Romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior toward both males and females, or to more than one gender.

Romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior toward both males and females, or to more than one gender.

The bisexual pride flag
The overlapping triangles
The double moon
Venus flanked by Venus and Mars symbols for a bisexual woman
Mars flanked by Venus and Mars symbols for a bisexual man
Shudo (Japanese pederasty): a young male entertains an older male lover, covering his eyes while surreptitiously kissing a female servant.
Young man and adolescent engaging in intercrural sex, fragment of a black-figure Attic cup, 550 BC–525 BC, Louvre
Angelina Jolie is an openly bisexual American actress.

The term bisexuality is mainly used in the context of human attraction to denote romantic or sexual feelings toward both men and women, and the concept is one of the three main classifications of sexual orientation along with heterosexuality and homosexuality, all of which exist on the heterosexual–homosexual continuum.

Cartoon from Punch magazine in 1857 illustrating the use of "gay" as a colloquial euphemism for being a prostitute. One woman says to the other (who looks glum), "How long have you been gay?" The poster on the wall is for La Traviata, an opera about a courtesan.

Gay

8 links

Cartoon from Punch magazine in 1857 illustrating the use of "gay" as a colloquial euphemism for being a prostitute. One woman says to the other (who looks glum), "How long have you been gay?" The poster on the wall is for La Traviata, an opera about a courtesan.
Usage statistics from English books, according to Google Ngram Viewer.
The rainbow flag is a symbol of gay pride.
Symbol of LGBT
"Bar Revenge", a Gay Bar in Brighton, England

Gay is a term that primarily refers to a homosexual person or the trait of being homosexual.

External male genitals (depilated).

Human sexuality

7 links

Way people experience and express themselves sexually.

Way people experience and express themselves sexually.

External male genitals (depilated).
The male reproductive system.
External female genitals (depilated).
The female reproductive system.
A women's liberation march in Washington, D.C., in August 1970, from Farragut Square to Lafayette Park.
A Gay Liberation march in London, UK, c. 1972. A Gay Liberation Front banner is visible. Location is believed to be Trafalgar Square.
The Flirtation, Eugene de Blaas, 1904.

This is further supported by cross-cultural evidence, because cultures that are very tolerant of homosexuality do not have significantly higher rates of it.

A six-band rainbow flag representing the LGBT community

LGBT

8 links

Initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.

Initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.

A six-band rainbow flag representing the LGBT community
The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, the cradle of the modern LGBT rights movement and an icon of LGBT culture, is adorned with rainbow pride flags.
LGBT publications, pride parades, and related events, such as this stage at Bologna Pride 2008 in Italy, increasingly drop the LGBT initialism instead of regularly adding new letters, and dealing with issues of placement of those letters within the new title.
2010 pride parade in Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires, which uses the LGBTIQ initialism
People gathering at the Senate Square, Helsinki, right before the 2011 Helsinki Pride parade started
LGBT families, like these in a 2007 Boston pride parade, are labeled as non-heterosexual by researchers for a variety of reasons.
Original Rainbow Pride Flag in San Francisco, designed by Gilbert Baker in 1978

The first widely used term, homosexual, now a term used primarily in scientific contexts, has at times carried negative connotations in the United States.

An intimate heterosexual couple

Heterosexuality

6 links

Romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between people of the opposite sex or gender.

Romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between people of the opposite sex or gender.

An intimate heterosexual couple
A heterosexuality symbol
This image is often used on Straight Pride T-shirts

Along with bisexuality and homosexuality, heterosexuality is one of the three main categories of sexual orientation within the heterosexual–homosexual continuum.

The transgender pride flag

Transgender

6 links

Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from the sex that they were assigned at birth.

Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from the sex that they were assigned at birth.

The transgender pride flag
Transgender friends in Washington, D.C.
A drag queen performer
Camille Cabral, a French transgender activist at a demonstration for transgender people in Paris, October 1, 2005
Jogappa is a transgender community in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. They are traditional folk singers and dancers.
Nong Tum, a Kathoey internationally recognized for her portrayal in the film Beautiful Boxer
Actress Laverne Cox, who is trans, in July 2014
Trans March "Existrans" 2017

Transgender people may identify as heterosexual (straight), homosexual (gay or lesbian), bisexual, asexual, or otherwise, or may decline to label their sexual orientation.