Homosexuality

Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)
Burning of two homosexuals (the knight Richard von Hohenburg and his squire Anton Mätzler) at the stake outside Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)
Dance to the Berdache
Sac and Fox Nation ceremonial dance to celebrate the two-spirit person. George Catlin (1796–1872); Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
A woman spying on a pair of male lovers. China, Qing Dynasty.
Female youths are depicted surrounding Sappho in this painting of Lafond "Sappho sings for Homer", 1824.
Sappho reading to her companions on an Attic vase of c. 435 BC
Photograph of the Finnish artist Touko Laaksonen (1920–1991) alias Tom of Finland, well known for his stylized highly masculinized homoerotic art, playing the piano in late 1950s. In the background, his partner Veli Mäkinen (left) and his sister Kaija (right).
An illustration from the 19th-century book Sawaqub al-Manaquib depicting homosexual anal sex with a wine boy
Shah Abbas I of Persia with a boy. By Muhammad Qasim (1627).
U.S. President Barack Obama signs into law the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride in 2015 carrying a banner with the flags of 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.
Roy and Silo, two New York Central Park Zoo male chinstrap penguins similar to those pictured, became internationally known when they coupled and later were given an egg that needed hatching and care, which they successfully provided.

Romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.

- Homosexuality
Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)

73 related topics

Alpha

Ego-dystonic sexual orientation

Highly controversial mental health diagnosis that was included in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) from 1980 to 1987 (under the name ego-dystonic homosexuality) and in the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Diseases (ICD) from 1990 to 2019.

Highly controversial mental health diagnosis that was included in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) from 1980 to 1987 (under the name ego-dystonic homosexuality) and in the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Classification of Diseases (ICD) from 1990 to 2019.

The addition of ego-dystonic homosexuality to the DSM-III in 1980 constituted a political compromise between those who believed that homosexuality was a pathological condition and those who believed it was a normal variant of sexuality.

An illustration of anal sex

Anal sex

Generally the insertion and thrusting of the erect penis into a person's anus, or anus and rectum, for sexual pleasure.

Generally the insertion and thrusting of the erect penis into a person's anus, or anus and rectum, for sexual pleasure.

An illustration of anal sex
Male genital anatomy, showing the location of the prostate with respect to the rectum
1892 lithograph by Paul Avril depicting male-to-female anal sex
19th-century erotic interpretation of Hadrian and Antinous (detail), by Paul Avril
A woman wearing a strap-on dildo about to engage in anal sex with a man
A woman performing anilingus (anal–oral sex) on another woman
Mucous membranes of the rectum
Depiction of anal sex on 510 BC Attic red-figure kylix
Suzuki Harunobu, A shunga print depicting an older and a younger man
Two Roman males on the Warren Cup, British Museum
Man and woman having anal sex. Ceramic, Moche Culture. 300 C.E. Larco Museum Collection.
François-Rolland Elluin, Sodomites provoking divine wrath, from Le pot-pourri (1781)
Ottoman illustration depicting two young men having sex (from Sawaqub al-Manaquib)

While anal sex is commonly associated with male homosexuality, research shows that not all gay men engage in anal sex and that it is not uncommon in heterosexual relationships.

An African-American man drinking from a racially segregated water cooler marked "Colored", in Oklahoma City c. 1939.

Discrimination

Act of making unjustified distinctions between people based on the groups, classes, or other categories to which they belong or are perceived to belong.

Act of making unjustified distinctions between people based on the groups, classes, or other categories to which they belong or are perceived to belong.

An African-American man drinking from a racially segregated water cooler marked "Colored", in Oklahoma City c. 1939.
Nationalists in Corsica sometimes spray-paint or shoot traffic signs in French.
Anti-Arab sign in Pattaya Beach, Thailand
German warning in German-occupied Poland 1939 – "No entrance for Poles!"
Antisemitic graffiti in Lithuania. The words read Juden raus (German for Jews out) and Hasse (presumably a misspelling of Hass, German for hate)
An African-American child at a segregated drinking fountain on a courthouse lawn, North Carolina, US 1938.
In the 1990s, Bhutan expelled its Hindu population or forced it to leave the country in order to preserve Bhutan's Buddhist culture and identity.
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride carrying a banner with the flags of over 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal.
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.
Students protesting against racial quotas in Brazil: "Quer uma vaga? Passe no vestibular!" ("Do you want a spot? Pass the entrance exam!")
An anti-discrimination education workshop at the Auschwitz Jewish Center, Poland, 2019

This research found that of the 80 countries around the world that continue to consider homosexuality illegal, five carry the death penalty for homosexual activity, and two do in some regions of the country.

Freud (1856–1939) was skeptical of the possibility of therapeutic conversion.

National Association for Research & Therapy of Homosexuality

Freud (1856–1939) was skeptical of the possibility of therapeutic conversion.

The National Association for Research & Therapy of Homosexuality (NARTH), also known as the NARTH Institute, was a US organization that promoted conversion therapy, a harmful and pseudoscientific practice used in attempts to change the sexual orientation of people with same-sex attraction.

Kinsey scale of sexual responses, indicating degrees of sexual orientation

Kinsey scale

Used in research to describe a person's sexual orientation based on one’s experience or response at a given time.

Used in research to describe a person's sexual orientation based on one’s experience or response at a given time.

Kinsey scale of sexual responses, indicating degrees of sexual orientation

The scale typically ranges from 0, meaning exclusively heterosexual, to a 6, meaning exclusively homosexual.

Sappho and Erinna in a Garden at Mytilene by Simeon Solomon, 1864

LGBT rights by country or territory

Rights affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or jurisdiction—encompassing everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty for homosexuality.

Rights affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people vary greatly by country or jurisdiction—encompassing everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty for homosexuality.

Sappho and Erinna in a Garden at Mytilene by Simeon Solomon, 1864

In 2011, the United Nations Human Rights Council passed its first resolution recognizing LGBT rights, following which the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights issued a report documenting violations of the rights of LGBT people, including hate crimes, criminalization of homosexual activity, and discrimination.

Soweto Pride 2012 participants remember lesbians raped and murdered in 2007.

Lesbophobia

Lesbophobia (sometimes lesbiphobia) comprises various forms of prejudice and negativity towards lesbians as individuals, as couples, or as a social group.

Lesbophobia (sometimes lesbiphobia) comprises various forms of prejudice and negativity towards lesbians as individuals, as couples, or as a social group.

Soweto Pride 2012 participants remember lesbians raped and murdered in 2007.

While some people use only the more general term homophobia to describe this sort of prejudice or behavior, others believe that the terms homosexual and homophobia do not adequately reflect the specific concerns of lesbians, because they experience the double discrimination of both homophobia and sexism.

Soweto Pride 2012 participants remember two lesbians who were raped and murdered in 2007.

Corrective rape

Hate crime in which one or more people are raped because of their perceived sexual orientation or gender identity.

Hate crime in which one or more people are raped because of their perceived sexual orientation or gender identity.

Soweto Pride 2012 participants remember two lesbians who were raped and murdered in 2007.
Soweto Pride 2012 participants protest against violence against lesbians with a "Dying for Justice" banner and T-shirts which read "Solidarity with women who speak out".

According to Human Rights Watch, in the last 20 years, attitudes toward homosexuality have become worse in South Africa.

Ladyboys in Thailand

Sexual orientation change efforts

Sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE) are methods used in attempts to change the sexual orientation of non-heterosexual people to heterosexuality.

Sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE) are methods used in attempts to change the sexual orientation of non-heterosexual people to heterosexuality.

Ladyboys in Thailand

The American Psychiatric Association states that conversion therapy or reparative therapy is a type of psychiatric treatment "based upon the assumption that homosexuality per se is a mental disorder or based upon the a priori assumption that a patient should change his/her sexual homosexual orientation."

The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, a landmark event in the struggle for LGBT rights in the United States.

LGBT movements

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) movements are social movements that advocate for LGBT people in society.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) movements are social movements that advocate for LGBT people in society.

The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, a landmark event in the struggle for LGBT rights in the United States.
An LGBT protest at the Idaho statehouse in 2014
Jeremy Bentham, an early advocate for the decriminalization of homosexuality
Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, German gay rights activist of the 1860s
May 14, 1928, issue of German lesbian periodical Die Freundin (The Girlfriend)
Cover of U.S. lesbian publication The Ladder from October 1957. The motif of masks and unmasking was prevalent in the homophile era, prefiguring the political strategy of coming out and giving the Mattachine Society its name.
Gay liberation demonstration in Washington, DC, in the early 1970s
The 1971 GLF cover version of Ink magazine, printed in London
Legalisation of LGBT sex, civil unions and marriages in Europe from 1900 to 2021
The rainbow flag
37th Annual "Straights For Gay Rights" in Berkeley, California
Anti-gay protestors in San Francisco
Anti-gay demonstrators in Poland
Parada Równości 2018, Warsaw, Poland

Hall subscribed to Ellis and Krafft-Ebing's theories and rejected (conservatively understood version of) Freud's theory that same-sex attraction was caused by childhood trauma and was curable.