Homosexuality

Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)
Burning of two homosexuals (the knight Richard von Hohenburg and his squire Anton Mätzler) at the stake outside Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)
Dance to the Berdache
Sac and Fox Nation ceremonial dance to celebrate the two-spirit person. George Catlin (1796–1872); Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
A woman spying on a pair of male lovers. China, Qing Dynasty.
Female youths are depicted surrounding Sappho in this painting of Lafond "Sappho sings for Homer", 1824.
Sappho reading to her companions on an Attic vase of c. 435 BC
Photograph of the Finnish artist Touko Laaksonen (1920–1991) alias Tom of Finland, well known for his stylized highly masculinized homoerotic art, playing the piano in late 1950s. In the background, his partner Veli Mäkinen (left) and his sister Kaija (right).
An illustration from the 19th-century book Sawaqub al-Manaquib depicting homosexual anal sex with a wine boy
Shah Abbas I of Persia with a boy. By Muhammad Qasim (1627).
U.S. President Barack Obama signs into law the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride in 2015 carrying a banner with the flags of 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.
Roy and Silo, two New York Central Park Zoo male chinstrap penguins similar to those pictured, became internationally known when they coupled and later were given an egg that needed hatching and care, which they successfully provided.

Romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.

- Homosexuality
Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)

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A woman spying on a pair of male lovers

Homosexuality in China

Homosexuality has been documented in China since ancient times.

Homosexuality has been documented in China since ancient times.

A woman spying on a pair of male lovers

According to one study, for some time after the fall of the Han Dynasty, homosexuality was widely accepted in China but this has been disputed.

The two spirit contingent marches at San Francisco Pride 2014.

Two-spirit

Modern,, umbrella term used by some Indigenous North Americans to describe Native people in their communities who fulfill a traditional third-gender (or other gender-variant) ceremonial and social role in their cultures.

Modern,, umbrella term used by some Indigenous North Americans to describe Native people in their communities who fulfill a traditional third-gender (or other gender-variant) ceremonial and social role in their cultures.

The two spirit contingent marches at San Francisco Pride 2014.
Drawing by George Catlin (1796–1872) while on the Great Plains among the Sac and Fox Nation. Depicting a group of male warriors dancing around a male-bodied person in a woman's dress, non-Native artist George Catlin titled the painting Dance to the Berdache.
The two spirit pride trolley at San Francisco Pride 2014

Crow: batée. A word that describes both trans women and homosexual males.

The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, a landmark event in the struggle for LGBT rights in the United States.

LGBT movements

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) movements are social movements that advocate for LGBT people in society.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) movements are social movements that advocate for LGBT people in society.

The Stonewall Inn in the gay village of Greenwich Village, Manhattan, site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots, a landmark event in the struggle for LGBT rights in the United States.
An LGBT protest at the Idaho statehouse in 2014
Jeremy Bentham, an early advocate for the decriminalization of homosexuality
Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, German gay rights activist of the 1860s
May 14, 1928, issue of German lesbian periodical Die Freundin (The Girlfriend)
Cover of U.S. lesbian publication The Ladder from October 1957. The motif of masks and unmasking was prevalent in the homophile era, prefiguring the political strategy of coming out and giving the Mattachine Society its name.
Gay liberation demonstration in Washington, DC, in the early 1970s
The 1971 GLF cover version of Ink magazine, printed in London
Legalisation of LGBT sex, civil unions and marriages in Europe from 1900 to 2021
The rainbow flag
37th Annual "Straights For Gay Rights" in Berkeley, California
Anti-gay protestors in San Francisco
Anti-gay demonstrators in Poland
Parada Równości 2018, Warsaw, Poland

Hall subscribed to Ellis and Krafft-Ebing's theories and rejected (conservatively understood version of) Freud's theory that same-sex attraction was caused by childhood trauma and was curable.

Burning of the accused sodomites outside the walls of Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)

Sodomy law

[[File:Penalización de la homosexualidad por país.png|thumb|520px|Legal status of homosexuality around the world (2021):

[[File:Penalización de la homosexualidad por país.png|thumb|520px|Legal status of homosexuality around the world (2021):

Burning of the accused sodomites outside the walls of Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)
Depiction of the buggery of a goat, by Paul Avril

This age was lowered to 18 in the East in 1968 and the West in 1973, and all legal distinctions between heterosexual and homosexual acts were abolished in the East in 1988, with this change being extended to all of Germany in 1994 as part of the process of German Reunification.

Bowers v. Hardwick

Landmark decision of the US Supreme Court that upheld, in a 5–4 ruling, the constitutionality of a Georgia sodomy law criminalizing oral and anal sex in private between consenting adults, in this case with respect to homosexual sodomy, though the law did not differentiate between homosexual sodomy and heterosexual sodomy.

Landmark decision of the US Supreme Court that upheld, in a 5–4 ruling, the constitutionality of a Georgia sodomy law criminalizing oral and anal sex in private between consenting adults, in this case with respect to homosexual sodomy, though the law did not differentiate between homosexual sodomy and heterosexual sodomy.

It has been claimed that Powell's decision to uphold the law was influenced by his belief that he had never known any homosexuals, even though one of his own law clerks was gay.

Portrait by Thomas Phillips,

Lord Byron

English poet and peer.

English poet and peer.

Portrait by Thomas Phillips,
An engraving of Byron's father, Captain John "Mad Jack" Byron, date unknown
Catherine Gordon, Byron's mother, by Thomas Stewardson
John FitzGibbon, 2nd Earl of Clare
Byron's house, Burgage Manor, in Southwell, Nottinghamshire
Autograph letter signed to John Hanson, Byron's lawyer and business agent. Fondazione BEIC
Byron's Stone in Tepelenë, Albania
Teresa Makri in 1870
Portrait by Richard Westall
Frontispiece to a c. 1825 edition of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage
Byron's visit to San Lazzaro as depicted by Ivan Aivazovsky (1899)
"Byron's Grotto" in Porto Venere, Italy, named in his honour, because according to a local legend he meditated here and drew inspiration from this place for his literary works
Statue of Lord Byron in Athens
Lord Byron in Albanian dress by Thomas Phillips, 1813. Venizelos Mansion, Athens (the British Ambassador's residence).
The reception of Lord Byron at Missolonghi
Lord Byron on His Deathbed, by Joseph Denis Odevaere (c. 1826). Oil on canvas, 166 × 234.5 cm Groeningemuseum, Bruges. (Note the sheet covering his misshapen right foot.)
A Narrative of Lord Byron's Last Journey to Greece by Pietro Gamba (1825)
Byron, 1830
Lord Byron by Henry Pierce Bone
Stained glass at Ottawa Public Library features Charles Dickens, Archibald Lampman, Sir Walter Scott, Lord Byron, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, William Shakespeare, Thomas Moore
The Bride of Abydos or Selim and Zuleika, an 1857 painting by Eugène Delacroix depicting Lord Byron's work
Percy Bysshe Shelley, 1819
Mary Shelley, 1840
Claire Clairmont
Lady Caroline Lamb
Jane Elizabeth Scott "Lady Oxford"
Augusta Leigh
Anne Isabella Milbanke in 1812 by Charles Hayter
Teresa, Contessa Guiccioli
alt=Seated woman, looking toward her left at artist, perhaps when interrupted while reading|Elizabeth Medora Leigh (1814–1849)
alt=Formal profile of standing woman|Ada Lovelace
alt=Young, smiling child|Clara Allegra Byron (1817–1822)

"I am tired of pl & opt Cs, the last thing I could be tired of", Byron wrote to Hobhouse from Athens (an abbreviation of "coitum plenum et optabilem" – complete intercourse to one's heart's desire, from Petronius' Satyricon), which, as an earlier letter establishes, was their shared code for homosexual experience.

Two male mallards, Anas platyrhynchos

Homosexual behavior in animals

Various non-human animal species exhibit behavior that can be interpreted as homosexual or bisexual.

Various non-human animal species exhibit behavior that can be interpreted as homosexual or bisexual.

Two male mallards, Anas platyrhynchos
Two male giraffes in Kenya.
Swans, Cygnus atratus
Two male mallards, Anas platyrhynchos
A female Labrador dog mounting another.
The American bison is a bovine mammal which displays homosexual behavior.
Bonobo
The spotted hyena is a moderately large, terrestrial carnivore native to Africa.
The head of darner dragonfly (Basiaeschna janata)

With the Japanese macaque, also known as the "snow monkey", same-sex relations are frequent, though rates vary between troops.

Ellis in 1913

Havelock Ellis

English physician, eugenicist, writer, progressive intellectual and social reformer who studied human sexuality.

English physician, eugenicist, writer, progressive intellectual and social reformer who studied human sexuality.

Ellis in 1913
Edith Lees and Havelock Ellis
Commemorative plaque dedicated to Ellis and his wife at Golders Green Crematorium
Inmate of Elmira Reformatory showing four views of head The Criminal (1890)

He co-wrote the first medical textbook in English on homosexuality in 1897, and also published works on a variety of sexual practices and inclinations, as well as on transgender psychology.

Symonds, picture for Walt Whitman, dated 1889

John Addington Symonds

English poet and literary critic.

English poet and literary critic.

Symonds, picture for Walt Whitman, dated 1889
Symonds by Eveleen Tennant
Symonds by Carlo Orsi
Norman Moor
Symonds' tomb in Rome
Front cover of the 1983 reprint edition, edited by John Lauritsen

Although married with children, Symonds supported male love (homosexuality), which he believed could include pederastic as well as egalitarian relationships, referring to it as l'amour de l'impossible (love of the impossible).

The Parnassus (1511) by Raphael: famous poets recite alongside the nine Muses atop Mount Parnassus.

Lieblingminne und Freundesliebe in der Weltliteratur

The Parnassus (1511) by Raphael: famous poets recite alongside the nine Muses atop Mount Parnassus.

Lieblingminne und Freundesliebe in der Weltliteratur is an anthology of poetry about homosexuality, compiled by the German artist Elisar von Kupffer (Elisarion).