A report on Homosexuality

Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)
Burning of two homosexuals (the knight Richard von Hohenburg and his squire Anton Mätzler) at the stake outside Zürich, 1482 (from the Spiezer Schilling chronicle)
Dance to the Berdache
Sac and Fox Nation ceremonial dance to celebrate the two-spirit person. George Catlin (1796–1872); Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
A woman spying on a pair of male lovers. China, Qing Dynasty.
Female youths are depicted surrounding Sappho in this painting of Lafond "Sappho sings for Homer", 1824.
Sappho reading to her companions on an Attic vase of c. 435 BC
Photograph of the Finnish artist Touko Laaksonen (1920–1991) alias Tom of Finland, well known for his stylized highly masculinized homoerotic art, playing the piano in late 1950s. In the background, his partner Veli Mäkinen (left) and his sister Kaija (right).
An illustration from the 19th-century book Sawaqub al-Manaquib depicting homosexual anal sex with a wine boy
Shah Abbas I of Persia with a boy. By Muhammad Qasim (1627).
U.S. President Barack Obama signs into law the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010
LGBT activists at Cologne Pride in 2015 carrying a banner with the flags of 70 countries where homosexuality is illegal
Protests in New York City against Uganda's Anti-Homosexuality Bill.
Roy and Silo, two New York Central Park Zoo male chinstrap penguins similar to those pictured, became internationally known when they coupled and later were given an egg that needed hatching and care, which they successfully provided.
Blood donation policies for men who have sex with men
–Men who have sex with men may donate blood; No deferral
–Men who have sex with men may donate blood; Temporary deferral
–Men who have sex with men may not donate blood; Permanent deferral
–No Data
Original Rainbow Pride Flag in San Francisco, designed by Gilbert Baker in 1978

Romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.

- Homosexuality
Zephyrus and Hyacinthus
Attic red-figure cup from Tarquinia, 480 BC (Boston Museum of Fine Arts)

73 related topics with Alpha

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Bowers v. Hardwick

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Landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld, in a 5–4 ruling, the constitutionality of a Georgia sodomy law criminalizing oral and anal sex in private between consenting adults, in this case with respect to homosexual sodomy, though the law did not differentiate between homosexual sodomy and heterosexual sodomy.

Landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court that upheld, in a 5–4 ruling, the constitutionality of a Georgia sodomy law criminalizing oral and anal sex in private between consenting adults, in this case with respect to homosexual sodomy, though the law did not differentiate between homosexual sodomy and heterosexual sodomy.

It has been claimed that Powell's decision to uphold the law was influenced by his belief that he had never known any homosexuals, even though one of his own law clerks was gay.

Gay affirmative psychotherapy

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Form of psychotherapy for non-heterosexual people, specifically gay and lesbian clients, which focuses on client comfort in working towards authenticity and self-acceptance regarding sexual orientation, and does not attempt to "change" them to heterosexual, or to "eliminate or diminish" same-sex "desires and behaviors".

Form of psychotherapy for non-heterosexual people, specifically gay and lesbian clients, which focuses on client comfort in working towards authenticity and self-acceptance regarding sexual orientation, and does not attempt to "change" them to heterosexual, or to "eliminate or diminish" same-sex "desires and behaviors".

Affirmative psychotherapy affirms that homosexuality or bisexuality is not a mental disorder, in accordance with global scientific consensus.

President Barack Obama greets Louvon Harris (left), Betty Byrd Boatner (right) both sisters of James Byrd Jr. and Judy Shepard at a reception commemorating the enactment of the legislation

Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act

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American Act of Congress, passed on October 22, 2009, and signed into law by President Barack Obama on October 28, 2009, as a rider to the National Defense Authorization Act for 2010 .

American Act of Congress, passed on October 22, 2009, and signed into law by President Barack Obama on October 28, 2009, as a rider to the National Defense Authorization Act for 2010 .

President Barack Obama greets Louvon Harris (left), Betty Byrd Boatner (right) both sisters of James Byrd Jr. and Judy Shepard at a reception commemorating the enactment of the legislation
House vote on Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2007
Democratic yes
Republican yes
Abstention or no representative seated
Democratic no
Republican no
House vote by congressional district
Democratic yes
Republican yes
Abstention or no representative seated
Democratic no
Republican no
The Senate adopted amendment 1511 63-28 with 5 Republicans
Both yes
One yes, one didn't vote
One yes, one no
One no, one didn't vote
Both no
Both did not vote
House vote on 2009–2010 Defense Appropriations
Democratic yes
Republican yes
Abstention or no representative seated
Democratic no
Republican no
Senate vote on 2009–2010 Defense Appropriations
Both yes
One yes, one didn't vote
One yes, one no
One no, one didn't vote
Both no

The attack was widely reported due to him being gay, and the trial employed a gay panic defense.

Ellis in 1913

Havelock Ellis

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English physician, eugenicist, writer, progressive intellectual and social reformer who studied human sexuality.

English physician, eugenicist, writer, progressive intellectual and social reformer who studied human sexuality.

Ellis in 1913
Edith Lees and Havelock Ellis
Commemorative plaque dedicated to Ellis and his wife at Golders Green Crematorium
Inmate of Elmira Reformatory showing four views of head The Criminal (1890)

He co-wrote the first medical textbook in English on homosexuality in 1897, and also published works on a variety of sexual practices and inclinations, as well as on transgender psychology.

Stephen O. Murray

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American anthropologist, sociologist, and independent scholar based in San Francisco, California.

American anthropologist, sociologist, and independent scholar based in San Francisco, California.

His work included studies in sociolinguistics, history of social sciences (anthropology, sociology, linguistics), and extensive publications on the historical and cross-cultural social organizations of homosexuality.

Conservative Christian protesters at a 2006 San Francisco Pride event

Homosexuality and religion

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Conservative Christian protesters at a 2006 San Francisco Pride event
Religious protest against homosexuality in San Francisco
An LGBT Pride flag in front of the iconic temple.
Same-sex intercourse illegal: According to the ILGA seven countries still retain capital punishment for homosexual behavior: Saudi Arabia, Yemen (for adultery), Iran, Brunei Afghanistan, Mauritania, and northern Nigeria.
Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati in the form of Ardhanarisvara (half-man, half-woman)
Khajoraho scene of three women and one man.

The relationship between religion and homosexuality has varied greatly across time and place, within and between different religions and denominations, with regard to different forms of homosexuality and bisexuality.

A smiling same-sex male couple at Pride in London

Same-sex relationship

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Romantic or sexual relationship between people of the same sex.

Romantic or sexual relationship between people of the same sex.

A smiling same-sex male couple at Pride in London
Young men sipping tea, reading poetry, and having sex
Individual panel from a hand scroll on same-sex themes, paint on silk; China, Qing dynasty (c. 18th–19th); Kinsey Institute, Bloomington, Indiana
Two men marrying in Amsterdam within the first month that marriage was opened to same-sex couples in the Netherlands (2001)
A female same-sex couple celebrating the US Supreme Court decision Obergefell v. Hodges, which recognized same-sex marriage nationwide
Lesbian couple with children
According to historian John Boswell, Saints Sergius and Bacchus may have been united in a pact called Adelphopoiesis, or "brother-making".

People in a same-sex relationship may identify as homosexual, bisexual, or even occasionally heterosexual.

Image of Xochipilli, the Aztec god of homosexuality

LGBT themes in mythology

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LGBT themes in mythology occur in mythologies and religious narratives that include stories of romantic affection or sexuality between figures of the same sex or that feature divine actions that result in changes in gender.

LGBT themes in mythology occur in mythologies and religious narratives that include stories of romantic affection or sexuality between figures of the same sex or that feature divine actions that result in changes in gender.

Image of Xochipilli, the Aztec god of homosexuality
Depiction of Baron Samedi, a bisexual lwa.
Dragon-gods, from Myths and Legends of China, 1922 by E. T. C. Werner. Dragons sometimes sexually assaulted older men.
Shiva and Shakti in the form of Ardhanarisvara
Saint Sebastian, history's first recorded LGBT icon.
The destruction of Sodom as illustrated by Sebastian Münster (1564)
David and Jonathan in "La Somme le Roy" (1290 CE)

Many mythologies ascribe homosexuality and gender fluidity in humans to the action of gods or of other supernatural interventions.

Protesters at a 2006 gay pride event. San Francisco, United States.

Societal attitudes toward homosexuality

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Acceptance of Homosexuality Worldwide (Pew Research Poll 2019-20).svg 2019: Should homosexuality be accepted in society? Percentage of responders that answered that it should be accepted:

Acceptance of Homosexuality Worldwide (Pew Research Poll 2019-20).svg 2019: Should homosexuality be accepted in society? Percentage of responders that answered that it should be accepted:

Protesters at a 2006 gay pride event. San Francisco, United States.
Male couple (erastes and eromenos) kissing (Attic red-figured cup, ca. 480 BC)
Senator Joseph McCarthy
The American public's acceptance of homosexuality over time.

All cultures have their own values regarding appropriate and inappropriate sexuality; some sanction same-sex love and sexuality, while others may disapprove of such activities in part.

Latin America

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Cultural region of the Americas comprising multiple nation-states where Romance languages—languages that derived from Latin, i.e., Spanish, Portuguese, and French–are predominantly spoken.

Cultural region of the Americas comprising multiple nation-states where Romance languages—languages that derived from Latin, i.e., Spanish, Portuguese, and French–are predominantly spoken.

Presencia de América Latina (Presence of Latin America, 1964–65) is a 300. sqm mural at the hall of the Arts House of the University of Concepción, Chile. It is also known as Latin America's Integration.
The four common subregions in Latin America
Mayan UNESCO World Heritage Site of Chichén Itzá
A view of UNESCO World Heritage Site of Machu Picchu, a pre-Columbian Inca site in Peru.
Surviving section of the Inca road system in Northwestern Argentina, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The road system linked the Andean empire
Cristóbal de Olid leads Spanish soldiers with Tlaxcalan allies against Indigenous warriors during the European colonization of the Americas.
Map of Brazil showing Indigenous men cutting brazilwood and Portuguese ships
Areas claimed by the Spanish and Portuguese empires in 1790.
Potosí, the "cerro rico" that produced massive amounts of silver from a single site. The first image published in Europe. Pedro Cieza de León, 1553.
Sugar processing by skilled black slave laborers. Sugar cane must be processed immediately once cut in order to capture the most sugar juice, so engenhos needed to be constructed near fields.
Monument to Christopher Columbus, Buenos Aires before its 2013 removal and replaced by the statue of Juana Azurduy, a mestiza fighter for independence.
Development of Spanish American Independence
Ferdinand VII of Spain in whose name Spanish American juntas ruled during his exile 1808–1814; when restored to power in 1814, he reinstated autocratic rule, renewing independence movements
Constitution of 1812
Dom Pedro I, emperor of Brazil
Linguistic map of Latin America. Spanish in green, Portuguese in orange, and French in blue.
Argentine caudillo Juan Manuel de Rosas
Mexican strongman Antonio López de Santa Anna
Emperor Pedro II of Brazil
American occupation of Mexico City
The Execution of Emperor Maximilian, Édouard Manet 1868. The execution ended monarchic rule in Mexico, and Mexican liberals triumphed
A poster used in Japan to attract immigrants to Brazil. It reads: "Let’s go to South America with families."
The Zimmermann Telegram as it was sent from Washington to Ambassador Heinrich von Eckardt (German ambassador to Mexico)
U.S. President Roosevelt and Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho, Monterrey, Mexico 1943. Roosevelt sought strong ties between the U.S. and Latin America in the World War II era
Agrarian reform poster, Guatemala 1952
Fidel Castro and his men in the Sierra Maestra, 2 December 1956
Cuba-Russia friendship poster, with Castro and Nikita Khrushchev
Che Guevara Cuban revolutionary poster
Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet and U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
The name Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan nationalist hero for his struggle against the United States, was taken by leftist guerrillas as the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN).
Exhumation of corpses in the aftermath of the Guatemalan genocide
Pope Paul VI and Salvadoran cleric Oscar Romero (now St Oscar Romero)
Calls for justice in the wake of the Guatemalan genocide
Roll-on/roll-off
ships, such as this one pictured here at Miraflores locks, are among the largest ships to pass through the Panama Canal. The canal cuts across the Isthmus of Panama and is a key conduit for international maritime trade.
Comandanta Ramona of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation, Mexico
UNASUR summit in the Palacio de la Moneda, Santiago de Chile
Honduran demonstrator holding a banner with a "don't turn left" sign, 2009.
Eighteenth-century Mexican Casta painting showing 16 castas hierarchically arranged. Ignacio Maria Barreda, 1777. Real Academia Española de la Lengua, Madrid.
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The Las Lajas Sanctuary in the southern Colombia, Department of Nariño.
World map indicating literacy rate by country in 2015 (2015 CIA World Factbook). Grey = no data.
2012 map of countries by homicide rate. As of 2015, the Latin American countries with the highest rates were El Salvador (108.64 per 100,000 people), Honduras (63.75) and Venezuela (57.15). The countries with the lowest rates were Chile (3.59), Cuba (4.72) and Argentina (6.53).
Sumidero Canyon, located in Chiapas, Mexico.
Glaucous macaw (behind hyacinth macaw) and other macaws. Macaws are long-tailed, often colorful New World parrots.
Sugarcane plantation in São Paulo. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 746 million tons. Latin America produces more than half of the world's sugarcane.
Soybean plantation in Mato Grosso. In 2020, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 130 million tons. Latin America produces half of the world's soybeans.
Coffee in Minas Gerais. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 3.5 million tons. Latin America produces half of the world's coffee.
Oranges in São Paulo. In 2018, Brazil was the world's largest producer, with 17 million tons. Latin America produces 30% of the world's oranges.
Truck of a meat company in Brazil. Latin America produces 25% of the world's beef and chicken meat.
Chile is a first world producer of copper.
Cerro Rico, Potosi, Bolivia, still a major silver mine
Amethyst mine in Ametista do Sul. Latin America is a major producer of gems such as amethyst, topaz, emeralds, aquamarine and tourmaline
Iron mine in Minas Gerais. Brazil is the world's second largest iron ore exporter.
Braskem, the largest Brazilian chemical industry
EMS, the largest Brazilian pharmaceutical industry
Panama Canal expansion project; New Agua Clara locks (Atlantic side)
Rodovia dos Bandeirantes, Brazil
Ruta 9 / 14, in Zarate, Argentina
General Rafael Urdaneta Bridge
Mexico City International Airport
Port of Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil
Itaipu Dam in Paraná.
Wind power in Parnaíba.
Angra Nuclear Power Plant in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro
Pirapora Solar Complex, the largest in Brazil and Latin America with a capacity of 321 MW.
Native New World crops exchanged globally: maize, tomato, potato, vanilla, rubber, cocoa, tobacco
Rafael Correa, Evo Morales, Néstor Kirchner, Cristina Fernández, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Nicanor Duarte, and Hugo Chávez at the signing of the founding charter of the Bank of the South
Aerial view of Cancún. Mexico is the most visited country in Latin America and 6th in the world.
Roman Catholic Easter procession in Comayagua, Honduras
Nicaraguan women wearing the Mestizaje costume, which is a traditional costume worn to dance the Mestizaje dance. The costume demonstrates the Spanish influence upon Nicaraguan clothing.
Diego Rivera's mural depicting Mexico's history at the National Palace in Mexico City
Mural by Santiago Martinez Delgado at the Colombian Congress
The Guadalajara International Film Festival is considered the most prestigious film festival in Latin America.
In 2015, Alejandro González Iñárritu became the second Mexican director in a row to win both the Academy Award for Best Director and the Directors Guild of America Award for Best Director. He won his second Oscar in 2016 for The Revenant.
President Cristina Fernández with the film director Juan José Campanella and the cast of The Secret in Their Eyes (2009) with the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz in 1772 by Andrés de Islas
Argentine Jorge Luis Borges in L'Hôtel, Paris in 1969
Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral, first Latin American to win a Nobel Prize in Literature, in 1945
García Márquez signing a copy of One Hundred Years of Solitude
Salsa dancing in Cali, Colombia
Traditional Mexican dance Jarabe Tapatío
Brazilian singer Carmen Miranda helped popularize samba internationally.
A couple dances tango.
Simón Bolívar, Liberator of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru and Panama
José de San Martín, Liberator of Argentina, Chile and Peru.
Bernardo O'Higgins, hero of Chilean independence
Father Miguel Hidalgo, father of Mexican independence, with the banner of Our Lady of Guadalupe
Vicente Guerrero, insurgent hero of Mexican independence, who joined with Iturbide
Agustín de Iturbide, former royal military officer who brought about Mexican independence and was crowned emperor

Due to the impact of Enlightenment ideals after the French revolution, a certain number of Iberian American countries decriminalized homosexuality after France and French territories in the Americas did so in 1791. Some of the countries that abolished sodomy laws or banned state interference in consensual adult sexuality in the 19th century were Dominican Republic (1822), Brazil (1824), Peru (1836), Mexico (1871), Paraguay (1880), Argentina (1887), Honduras (1899), Guatemala, and El Salvador. Today same-sex marriage is legal in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Uruguay, and French overseas departments, and in several states of Mexico. Civil unions can be held in Chile.