Hong Kong

Hong Kong in 1868, photograph by John Thomson
British Hong Kong flag from 1959 to 1997
Since 2012, the legislature has met in the Tamar Legislative Council Complex.
The Court of Final Appeal Building formerly housed the Supreme Court and the Legislative Council.
2019–2020 Hong Kong protests
Areas of urban development and vegetation are visible in this satellite image.
A residential building in Quarry Bay
2016 population pyramid
Wong Tai Sin Temple is dedicated to the Taoist deity Wong Tai Sin
Hong Kong is one of the world's busiest container ports
A proportional representation of Hong Kong exports, 2019
Former trading floor of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange
Entrance to the Cross-Harbour Tunnel in Hung Hom, Kowloon
MTR train on the Tung Chung line
Statue of Bruce Lee on the Avenue of Stars, a tribute to the city's film industry
The Hong Kong Sevens, considered the premier tournament of the World Rugby Sevens Series, is played each spring.
Old campus of St. Paul's College, the first school established in the colonial era
University of Hong Kong main building
TVB City, headquarters of Hong Kong's first over-the-air television station

City and special administrative region of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta in South China.

- Hong Kong

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Japanese occupation of Hong Kong

The Hong Kong occupation zone (dark red) within the Empire of Japan (light red) at its furthest extent
Rensuke Isogai
The Hong Kong occupation zone (dark red) within the Empire of Japan (light red) at its furthest extent
Imperial Japanese soldiers arrested European bankers and detained them in a hotel.
Population decrease due to repatriation
A hand-out of a Japanese language learning radio programme
Names of roads were rewritten in Japanese
Celebration of a "New Hong Kong" after Japanese occupation
Dongjiang guerillas fighting in trenches
British Rear Admiral Sir Cecil Halliday Jepson Harcourt watching Japanese Vice Admiral Ruitako Fujita sign the document of surrender on 16 September 1945 in Hong Kong.
Japanese document of surrender
The British cruiser, entering Victoria Harbour through North Point on 30 August 1945
Liberation of Hong Kong in 1945. Picture taken at the Cenotaph in Central, Hong Kong
Japanese war criminals prepare for their transfer to Stanley Prison on 29 September 1945
Indian soldiers march during Hong Kong Victory Celebrations, 9 October 1945.

The Imperial Japanese occupation of Hong Kong began when the Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Mark Young, surrendered the British Crown colony of Hong Kong to the Empire of Japan on 25 December 1941.

The Monument in Commemoration of the Return of Hong Kong to China in 2009

Handover of Hong Kong

The formal passing of authority over the territory of the then colony of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China at midnight on 1 July 1997.

The formal passing of authority over the territory of the then colony of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China at midnight on 1 July 1997.

The Monument in Commemoration of the Return of Hong Kong to China in 2009
Britain acquired Hong Kong Island in 1842, the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860, and the lease of the New Territories in 1898.
Hong Kong 1 July march with British Hong Kong flag in 2011

Hong Kong was established as a special administrative region of China, and continues to maintain its economic and governing systems distinct from those of mainland China, although Chinese influence increased after the passing of the 2020 Hong Kong national security law.

Mainland China

Overseas Chinese(华裔,华侨)uses this term to describe someone from ancestral land.

Overseas Chinese(华裔,华侨)uses this term to describe someone from ancestral land.

Hong Kong, a quasi-dependent territory under PRC rule that is officially designated a "Special Administrative Region of the PRC" (formerly a British colony)

HKD/USD exchange rate since 1990

Hong Kong dollar

HKD/USD exchange rate since 1990

The Hong Kong Dollar (, sign: HK$; code: HKD) is the official currency of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

Map of San-On District, drawn from the observations made by the Italian missionary Simeone Volonteri, and published in 1866.

Bao'an County

County, formerly named Xin' an County, was a historical county in South China.

County, formerly named Xin' an County, was a historical county in South China.

Map of San-On District, drawn from the observations made by the Italian missionary Simeone Volonteri, and published in 1866.

It roughly follows the administrative boundaries of modern-day Hong Kong and the city of Shenzhen.

Kowloon

Kowloon c. 1868, depicting the Qing-era Kowloon Walled City and Lion Rock (in the background)
Map of Kowloon in 1915
Hong Kong's old airport, Kai Tak, was located in Kowloon Bay.
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hung Hom
King George V School, Homantin
Western Harbour Crossing, one of the tunnels that link Kowloon with Hong Kong Island
Urban Council Centenary Garden fountain, Tsim Sha Tsui
Maze Garden, Kowloon Park, Tsim Sha Tsui
An Air France Boeing 747 passing above Kowloon, prior to landing at the old airport in 1998.
Star Ferry Pier, with the Hong Kong Cultural Centre and Tsim Sha Tsui Clock Tower in the background.
Kowloon Masjid and Islamic Centre
Night view of Kowloon from Hong Kong Island

Kowloon is an urban area in Hong Kong comprising the Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon.

New York City's Financial District in Lower Manhattan, including Wall Street. New York is ranked as one of the largest International Financial Centres ("IFC") in the world.

Financial centre

Location with a concentration of participants in banking, asset management, insurance or financial markets with venues and supporting services for these activities to take place.

Location with a concentration of participants in banking, asset management, insurance or financial markets with venues and supporting services for these activities to take place.

New York City's Financial District in Lower Manhattan, including Wall Street. New York is ranked as one of the largest International Financial Centres ("IFC") in the world.
The City of London (the "Square Mile") is one of the oldest financial centres. London is ranked as one of the largest International Financial Centres ("IFC") in the world.
Conduit and Sink OFCs: Mapping the links between financial centres
Frankfurt's banking district, home to various global and European bank headquarters. The district houses the main German stock exchange and many EU and German regulators.
Singapore Financial district
Financial centre in Miami
AZCA and CTBA business districts in Madrid
Financial centre in Sydney
The New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street, the world's largest stock exchange by listed capitalisation.
The London Stock Exchange in the City of London, the largest exchange in Europe by capitalisation.
The Tokyo Stock Exchange, located in Nihonbashi-Kabutocho, Tokyo, Japan, is the largest stock exchange in Asia.
The Frankfurt Stock Exchange building, which dates back to 1879.
Bolsa de Madrid. Madrid's stock exchange is the world's second-largest in number of listed companies.
Sydney's northern CBD serves as the financial and banking hub of the city
17th-century etching of the Oost-Indisch Huis (Dutch for "East India House"), the headquarters of the United East India Company (VOC) in Amsterdam. Considered by many to be the first historical model of the multinational corporation in its modern sense, the VOC was also the first company to be listed on a formal stock exchange. In other words, the VOC was the world's first publicly listed company (or publicly traded company).
Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange (Beurs van Hendrick de Keyser in Dutch), the world's first formal stock exchange. The Amsterdam Stock Exchange was the leading centre of global securities markets in the 17th century.
The Dam Square in Amsterdam, by Gerrit Adriaensz Berckheyde, c. 1660. In the picture of the centre of highly cosmopolitan and tolerant Amsterdam, Muslim/Oriental figures (possibly Ottoman or Moroccan merchants) are shown negotiating. The 17th-century Dutch institutional innovations helped lay the foundations for modern-day international financial centres that now dominate the global financial system.

The International Monetary Fund's classes of major financial centers are: International Financial Centres (IFCs), such as New York City, London and Tokyo; Regional Financial Centres (RFCs), such as Shanghai, Shenzhen, Frankfurt, and Sydney; and Offshore Financial Centres (OFCs), such as Cayman Islands, Dublin, Hong Kong, and Singapore.

A sketch of the view of Victoria Harbour from a hill, 1845

Victoria Harbour

A sketch of the view of Victoria Harbour from a hill, 1845
Victoria Harbour and Hong Kong Island in the 1860s
HMS Tamar anchored off the naval dockyard in Victoria Harbour in 1905
View from the Sky100
China Airlines Flight 605 went beyond the end of the runway and down into the water
Satellite view of Victoria Harbour in the 2000s
Victoria Harbour seen westward from Central Plaza, with the shores of Hong Kong Island at the left and Kowloon at the right.
Hong Kong's old airport, Kai Tak, was located in Victoria Harbour.
Hong Kong Ocean Terminal in December 2008
Meridian Star of the Star Ferry crossing Victoria Harbour
The ocean liner RMS Queen Elizabeth caught fire and capsized in Victoria Harbour in 1972.

Victoria Harbour is a natural landform harbour in Hong Kong separating Hong Kong Island in the south from the Kowloon Peninsula to the north.

HSBC (Hong Kong)

The HSBC Building (left) in The Bund, the headquarters of the Shanghai branch of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation from 1923 to 1955
An HSBC ATM at Tai O, Lantau Island, Hong Kong
A HK$20 note issued by the HSBC
HSBC logo
HSBC Singapore branch head office located at Collyer Quay, Central Area, Singapore

The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited, commonly known as HSBC , is the Hong Kong subsidiary of multinational bank HSBC.

Cantonese

Language within the Chinese (Sinitic) branch of the Sino-Tibetan languages originating from the city of Guangzhou (historically known as Canton) and its surrounding area in Southeastern China.

Language within the Chinese (Sinitic) branch of the Sino-Tibetan languages originating from the city of Guangzhou (historically known as Canton) and its surrounding area in Southeastern China.

Chinese dictionary from the Tang dynasty. Modern Cantonese pronunciation preserves almost all terminal consonants (-m, -n, -ng, -p, -t, -k) from Middle Chinese.
Distribution of Yue Chinese languages in Southeastern China. Standard Cantonese and closely related dialects are highlighted in pink.
Street in Chinatown, San Francisco. Cantonese has traditionally been the dominant Chinese variant among Chinese populations in the Western world.

Cantonese is viewed as a vital and inseparable part of the cultural identity for its native speakers across large swaths of Southeastern China, Hong Kong and Macau, as well as in overseas communities.