Hong Kong

🇭🇰HKGHong Kong SARHong Kong Special Administrative RegionHKHong Kong, ChinaHongkongHong-KongHong Kong ChinaHong Kong S.A.R.
Hong Kong (pronunciation in Hong Kong Cantonese: ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a special administrative region on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China.wikipedia
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British Hong Kong

Hong KongBritish ruleBritish administration
Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after Qing China ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842.
British Hong Kong denotes the period during which Hong Kong was governed as a colony and British Dependent Territory of the United Kingdom.

Hong Kong Island

Hong Kongisland of Hong Kongeponymous island
Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after Qing China ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842.
Hong Kong Island is an island in the southern part of Hong Kong.

Special administrative regions of China

Special Administrative Regionspecial administrative regionsSAR
Hong Kong (pronunciation in Hong Kong Cantonese: ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a special administrative region on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China.
At present, there are two SARs established according to the Constitution, namely the Hong Kong SAR and the Macau SAR, former British and Portuguese dependencies respectively, transferred to China in 1997 and 1999 respectively pursuant to the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 and the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration of 1987.

New Territories

NTN.T.New Territories East
The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War, and was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898.
The New Territories is one of the three main regions of Hong Kong, alongside Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula.

List of cities with the most skyscrapers

than any other city 26th highest number of skyscrapers in the worldList of cities with most skyscrapers above meters
The territory has the largest number of skyscrapers in the world, most surrounding Victoria Harbour.

Hong Kong dollar

HK$HKD$
It is the world's seventh-largest trading entity, and its legal tender (the Hong Kong dollar) is the world's 13th-most-traded currency.
The Hong Kong dollar (sign: HK$; code: HKD) is the official currency of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

Aberdeen, Hong Kong

AberdeenAberdeen HarbourAberdeen Channel
Aberdeen was an initial point of contact between British sailors and local fishermen.
Aberdeen is an area and town on southwest Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong.

The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation

HSBCHongkong and Shanghai Banking CorporationHongkong and Shanghai Bank
Some corporations founded during the early colonial era still keep this name, including Hongkong Land, Hongkong Electric, Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels and the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation.
HSBC, officially known as The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited, is a wholly owned subsidiary of HSBC, the largest bank in Hong Kong, and operates branches and offices throughout the Asia Pacific region, and in other countries around the world.

Hongkong Electric Company

first electric companyHong Kong Electric CompanyHong Kong Electric Holdings
Some corporations founded during the early colonial era still keep this name, including Hongkong Land, Hongkong Electric, Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels and the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation.
The Hongkong Electric Company (HKC; ) is one of Hong Kong's two main electricity generation companies, the other being China Light & Power.

Ap Lei Chau

Aberdeen Island
The name of the territory, first spelled "He-Ong-Kong" in 1780, originally referred to a small inlet between Aberdeen Island and the southern coast of Hong Kong Island.
Ap Lei Chau, or Aberdeen Island, is an island of Hong Kong, located off Hong Kong Island, next to Aberdeen Harbour and Aberdeen Channel, with an area of 1.30 km2.

Air pollution in Hong Kong

air pollutionAir
Although over 90 per cent of its population uses public transportation, air pollution from neighbouring industrial areas of mainland China has resulted in a high level of atmospheric particulates.
Air pollution in Hong Kong is considered a serious problem.

Mainland China

mainlandMainland ChineseChina
As a special administrative region, Hong Kong's system of government is separate from that of mainland China and its people overwhelmingly identify as Hongkongers rather than Chinese.
It includes Hainan island and strictly speaking, politically, does not include the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, even though both are partially on the geographic mainland (continental landmass).

List of countries by Human Development Index

Human Development Indexvery high standard of living15th least developed country in the world
Hong Kong ranks seventh on the UN Human Development Index, and has the longest life expectancy in the world.
indicators. A country scores higher HDI when the life expectancy at birth is longer, the education period is longer, and the income per capita is higher. It is used to distinguish whether the country is a developed, a developing or an underdeveloped country. The index was developed in 1990 by Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian economist Amartya Sen.The UN report covers 187 member states of the United Nations (out of 193), along with Hong Kong and Palestine; 7 UN member states are not included because of lack of data. The average HDI of regions of the world and groups of countries are also included for comparison.

Cantonese

Cantonese ChineseCantonese languagestandard Cantonese
Although the source of the romanised name is unknown, it is generally believed to be an early phonetic rendering of the Cantonese pronunciation hēung góng.
It is the dominant and official language of Hong Kong and Macau.

List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita

GDP (PPP) per capitaper capitaGDP per capita
Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, it has severe income inequality.

Guangzhou

CantonCanton, ChinaGuangzhou, China
Qing authorities established the Canton System in 1757 to regulate trade more strictly, restricting non-Russian ships to the port of Canton.
On the Pearl River about 120 km north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities.

Kai Tak Airport

Kai Tak International AirportKai TakHong Kong
Kai Tak Airport began operation in 1924, and the colony avoided a prolonged economic downturn after the 1925–26 Canton–Hong Kong strike.
Kai Tak International Airport was the international airport of Hong Kong from 1925 until 1998.

University of Hong Kong

the University of Hong KongHong Kong UniversityHKU
The University of Hong Kong was established in 1911 as the territory's first higher-education institute.
The University of Hong Kong (HKU) is a public research university in Hong Kong.

Sung Wong Toi

Kowloon CityGuanfuchangSoong Wong Toi
During the Mongol conquest, the Southern Song court was briefly located in modern-day Kowloon City (the Sung Wong Toi site) before its final defeat in the 1279 Battle of Yamen.
The Terrace of the Sung Dynasty emperors) is an important historic relic in Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Kowloon City

Kowloon City DistrictKowloon
During the Mongol conquest, the Southern Song court was briefly located in modern-day Kowloon City (the Sung Wong Toi site) before its final defeat in the 1279 Battle of Yamen.
Kowloon City is an area in Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Japanese occupation of Hong Kong

Japanese occupationHong Kongoccupation of Hong Kong
Hong Kong was occupied by Japan for almost four years before Britain resumed control on 30 August 1945.
The Imperial Japanese occupation of Hong Kong began when the Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Mark Young, surrendered the British Crown colony of Hong Kong to the Empire of Japan on 25 December 1941.

MTR

Mass Transit RailwayHong Kong MTRHong Kong
The public-housing estate programme, the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC), and Mass Transit Railway were established during the post-war decades to provide safer housing, integrity in the civil service, and more-reliable transportation.
The Mass Transit Railway (MTR; ) is a major public transport network serving Hong Kong.

Stonecutters Island

Stonecutter's IslandStonecutters
The defeated Qing were again forced to give up land, ceding Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutter's Island in the Convention of Peking.
Stonecutters Island or Ngong Shuen Chau (Hong Kong Hakka: Ngong 2 Son 2 Ziu 1 ) is a former island in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong.

Waves of mass migrations from Hong Kong

a sizeable exodus of Hong Kongersin large numbersmass migration of Hong Kong people
The impending transfer triggered a wave of mass emigration as residents feared an erosion of civil rights, the rule of law, and quality of life.
The Hong Kong Mass Migration Wave was one of the waves of emigration of Hong Kong residents since the Second World War, accelerated by the Hong Kong 1967 Leftist Riots and extending into the 1980s and 1990s fuelled by Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.

1994 Hong Kong electoral reform

electoral reformconstitutional reform packageconstitutional reform proposal
After reversal of the last colonial-era Legislative Council democratic reforms following the handover, the regional government unsuccessfully attempted to enact national-security legislation pursuant to Article 23 of the Basic Law.
The 1994 Hong Kong electoral reform was a set of significant constitutional changes in the last years of British colonial rule in Hong Kong before the handover of its sovereignty to the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997.