Hookah

shishanarghilenargilanargileshisha pipewater pipeghalyunhubble-bubblehuqqanarghila
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.wikipedia
343 Related Articles

Mu‘assel

shishamu'asselMaasel
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.
Mu‘assel (معسل, meaning "honeyed") is a syrupy tobacco mix containing molasses and vegetable glycerol which is smoked in a hookah.

Smoking

smokersmokesmokers
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.
Other smoking implements include pipes, cigars, bidis, hookahs, and bongs.

Tobacco

snufftobacco leavestobacco dryers
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.
Small quantities were smoked at a time, using a pipe like the midwakh or kiseru or smoking newly invented waterpipes such as the bong or the hookah (see thuốc lào for a modern continuance of this practice).

Cannabis (drug)

marijuanacannabispot
In the Philippines, hookah is called "Hitboo" and normally used in smoking flavored marijuana.
smoking, which typically involves burning and inhaling vaporized cannabinoids ("smoke") from small pipes, bongs (portable versions of hookahs with a water chamber), paper-wrapped joints or tobacco-leaf-wrapped blunts, and other items.

Coffeehouse

cafécafecoffee shop
Most cafés in the Middle East offer shishas.
Many coffeehouses in the Middle East and in West Asian immigrant districts in the Western world offer shisha (nargile in Greek and Turkish), flavored tobacco smoked through a hookah.

Smoking in Syria

Although perceived to be an important cultural feature of Syria (see Smoking in Syria), narghile had declined in popularity during most of the twentieth century and was used mostly by older men.
Smoking in Syria is steadily increasing in popularity amongst the Syrian population, mainly in the forms of cigarettes or Narghiles.

Chibouk

čopoq
Although the Safavid Shah ʿAbbās I strongly condemned tobacco use, towards the end of his reign smoking ḡalyān and čopoq (q.v.) had become common on every level of the society, women included.
Their use in Turkey and the Middle East may have died out with the growing popularity of the hookah and cigarettes.

Bong

water pipeBong waterBong-O
Bong
In construction and function a bong is similar to a hookah, except smaller and especially more portable.

Nicotiana rustica

makhorkamapachoTobacco
Thuoc lao
The smoker is presented with either a bamboo pipe called a điếu cày (English: "farmer's pipe") or a ceramic hookah called a điếu bát.

Electronic cigarette

e-cigarettee-cigarettesvaping
Electronic hookah
BLOW started selling e-hookahs, an electronic version of the hookah, in 2014.

Hindustani language

HindustaniHindiHindi-Urdu
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.

Devanagari

DevanāgarīNagariDevanagari script
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.

Nastaʿlīq

NastaleeqNastaliqTa'liq
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.

Persian language

PersianFarsiNew Persian
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.

Evaporation

evaporateevaporatedevaporates
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.

Cannabis

marijuanahemppot
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.

Opium

opium tradeopium addictionraw opium
A hookah (from Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), (Nastaleeq), IPA: ; also see other names), also known as the ḡalyān (Persian: قلیان), is a single- or multi-stemmed instrument for vaporizing and smoking flavored tobacco (often Mu‘assel), or sometimes cannabis or opium, whose vapor or smoke is passed through a water basin—often glass-based—before inhalation.

Medieval India

late medievalmedievalMedieval period
The first is that following the introduction of tobacco to medieval India by the Jesuits, the waterpipe was invented by one of Akbar's physicians, Abu’l-Fath Gilani, an Iranian from Gilan, in the Indian city of Fatehpur Sikri during Mughal India; the hookah spread from the Indian subcontinent to the Near East, where the mechanism was modified.

Iranian peoples

IranianIraniansPersian
The first is that following the introduction of tobacco to medieval India by the Jesuits, the waterpipe was invented by one of Akbar's physicians, Abu’l-Fath Gilani, an Iranian from Gilan, in the Indian city of Fatehpur Sikri during Mughal India; the hookah spread from the Indian subcontinent to the Near East, where the mechanism was modified.

Fatehpur Sikri

FatehpurFatehpūr SikrīFuttepore
The first is that following the introduction of tobacco to medieval India by the Jesuits, the waterpipe was invented by one of Akbar's physicians, Abu’l-Fath Gilani, an Iranian from Gilan, in the Indian city of Fatehpur Sikri during Mughal India; the hookah spread from the Indian subcontinent to the Near East, where the mechanism was modified.

Indian subcontinent

IndiasubcontinentIndian
The first is that following the introduction of tobacco to medieval India by the Jesuits, the waterpipe was invented by one of Akbar's physicians, Abu’l-Fath Gilani, an Iranian from Gilan, in the Indian city of Fatehpur Sikri during Mughal India; the hookah spread from the Indian subcontinent to the Near East, where the mechanism was modified.

Levant

the LevantLevantineNear East
Outside its native region, hookah smoking has gained popularity throughout the world, especially among younger people, largely due to immigrants from the Levant, where it is especially popular.

Languages of India

Indian languagesIndianregional languages of India
The widespread use of the Indian word "hookah" in the English language is a result of the colonization in British India (1858–1947), when large numbers of expatriate Britons first sampled the water pipe.

Presidencies and provinces of British India

IndiaBritish IndiaBritish
The widespread use of the Indian word "hookah" in the English language is a result of the colonization in British India (1858–1947), when large numbers of expatriate Britons first sampled the water pipe.

William Hickey (memoirist)

William Hickey
William Hickey, shortly after arriving in Kolkata, India, in 1775, wrote in his Memoirs: