Horror film

horrorhorror moviehorror filmshorror movieshorror thrillerhorror genrehorror thriller filmhorror cinemafilmhorror-thriller
A horror film is a film that seeks to elicit fear for entertainment purposes.wikipedia
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Fantasy film

fantasyfantasy filmsFantasy adventure
Horror may also overlap with the fantasy, supernatural fiction, and thriller genres.
The genre is considered a form of speculative fiction alongside science fiction films and horror films, although the genres do overlap.

Thriller film

thrillersuspensesuspense film
Horror may also overlap with the fantasy, supernatural fiction, and thriller genres.
Thriller films also share a close relationship with horror films, both eliciting tension.

Holiday horror

List of holiday horror filmsholidayinspired by a holiday
Some sub-genres of horror film include low-budget horror, action horror, comedy horror, body horror, disaster horror, found footage, holiday horror, horror drama, psychological horror, science fiction horror, slasher, supernatural horror, gothic horror, natural horror, zombie horror, first-person horror, and teen horror.
Holiday-themed horror films or holiday horror are a subgenre of horror films set during holidays.

Body horror

body horror filmbodybody imagery
Some sub-genres of horror film include low-budget horror, action horror, comedy horror, body horror, disaster horror, found footage, holiday horror, horror drama, psychological horror, science fiction horror, slasher, supernatural horror, gothic horror, natural horror, zombie horror, first-person horror, and teen horror.
Body horror or biological horror is a subgenre of horror that intentionally showcases graphic or psychologically disturbing violations of the human body.

Found footage (film technique)

found footagefound-footageFound footage (pseudo-documentary)
Some sub-genres of horror film include low-budget horror, action horror, comedy horror, body horror, disaster horror, found footage, holiday horror, horror drama, psychological horror, science fiction horror, slasher, supernatural horror, gothic horror, natural horror, zombie horror, first-person horror, and teen horror.
The most common use of the technique is in horror films (e.g., Cannibal Holocaust, The Blair Witch Project, Paranormal Activity, [•REC], Cloverfield), where the footage is purported to be the only surviving record of the events, with the participants now missing or dead.

Supernatural horror film

supernatural horrorsupernaturalHorror
Some sub-genres of horror film include low-budget horror, action horror, comedy horror, body horror, disaster horror, found footage, holiday horror, horror drama, psychological horror, science fiction horror, slasher, supernatural horror, gothic horror, natural horror, zombie horror, first-person horror, and teen horror.
Supernatural horror film is a film genre that combines aspects of horror film and supernatural film.

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1908 film)

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde1908 silent filmDr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde'' (1908 film)
In 1908, the company produced the film Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, directed by Otis Turner and starring Hobart Bosworth in the lead role.
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is a 1908 silent horror film starring Hobart Bosworth, and Betty Harte in her film debut.

List of eco-horror films

ecological
Prevalent elements include ghosts, extraterrestrials, vampires, werewolves, demons, Satanism, evil clowns, gore, torture, vicious animals, evil witches, monsters, giant monsters, zombies, cannibalism, psychopaths, natural, ecological or man-made disasters, and serial killers.
Also included are some natural horror films and other films in the horror genre whose plots include mention of ecological issues.

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari

Das Cabinet des Dr. CaligariDr. CaligariThe Cabinet of Dr Caligari
Robert Wiene's 1920 Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari (The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari) became a worldwide success and had a lasting impact on the film world, particularly for horror.
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari) is a 1920 German silent horror film, directed by Robert Wiene and written by Hans Janowitz and Carl Mayer.

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1913 film)

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde1913 adaptationDr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde'' (1913 film)
A year later, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1913) came out.
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is a 1913 horror film based on Robert Louis Stevenson's gothic novella The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1912 film)

Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde1912 adaptationDr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde'' (1912 film)
New York City's Thanhouser Film Corporation's one-reel Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1912) was directed by Lucius Henderson and stars future director James Cruze in the title role.
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is a 1912 horror film based on both Robert Louis Stevenson's novella Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1886) and on the play version (1887) of Thomas Russell Sullivan.

Nosferatu

Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des GrauensNosferatu, a Symphony of HorrorNosferatu: A Symphony of Horror
F. W. Murnau arguably made The first vampire-themed movie, Nosferatu (1922).
Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror (German: Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens), or simply Nosferatu, is a 1922 German Expressionist horror film, directed by F. W. Murnau, starring Max Schreck as the vampire Count Orlok.

The Student of Prague (1913 film)

The Student of PragueDer Student von PragThe Student of Prague'' (1913 film)
In 1913, German directors Stellan Rye and Paul Wegener made the silent horror film Der Student von Prag (The Student of Prague) loosely based on a short story by Edgar Allan Poe.
The Student of Prague (Der Student von Prag, also known as A Bargain with Satan) is a 1913 German silent horror film.

Universal Classic Monsters

Universal MonstersUniversal HorrorDark Universe
This would retroactively become the first phase of the studio's Universal Classic Monsters series that would continue for three more decades.
Universal Classic Monsters is a name given to the horror, fantasy, thriller and science fiction films made by Universal Pictures during the decades of the 1920s through the 1950s.

The Golem: How He Came into the World

The GolemDer GolemDer Golem, wie er in die Welt kam
In October 1920, Paul Wegener teamed up with co-director Carl Boese to make the final Golem film entitled Der Golem, wie er in die Welt kam, known in English as The Golem: How He Came into the World.
The Golem: How He Came into the World (Der Golem, wie er in die Welt kam, also referred to as Der Golem) is a 1920 silent horror film and a leading example of early German Expressionism.

Film genre

genregenresfilm genres
In the first years of film, especially between 1898 and 1908, the trick film was one of the world's most popular film genres.
A film's genre will influence the use of filmmaking styles and techniques, such as the use of flashbacks and low-key lighting in film noir, tight framing in horror films, fonts that look like rough-hewn logs for the titles of Western films, or the "scrawled" title-font and credits of Se7en (1995), a film about a serial killer.

Lon Chaney

Lon Chaney, Sr.Lon Chaney Sr.Chaney
The first film of the series was The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923) starring Lon Chaney as the hunchback Quasimodo.
Chaney was known for his starring roles in such silent horror films as The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923) and The Phantom of the Opera (1925).

Film noir

noirfilm-noirnoir film
Considered a classic, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari helped draw worldwide attention to the artistic merit of German cinema and had a major influence on American films, particularly in the genres of horror and film noir, introducing techniques such as the twist ending and the unreliable narrator to the language of narrative film.
Nor does film noir rely on anything as evident as the monstrous or supernatural elements of the horror film, the speculative leaps of the science fiction film, or the song-and-dance routines of the musical.

The Phantom of the Opera (1925 film)

The Phantom of the OperaPhantom of the Opera1925 film adaptation
Two years later, Chaney stars as The Phantom who haunts the Paris Opera House in 1925's silent horror film, The Phantom of the Opera, based on the mystery novel by Gaston Leroux published 15 years earlier.
The Phantom of the Opera is a 1925 American silent horror film adaptation of Gaston Leroux's 1910 novel Le Fantôme de l'Opéra, directed by Rupert Julian and starring Lon Chaney in the title role of the deformed Phantom who haunts the Paris Opera House, causing murder and mayhem in an attempt to make the woman he loves a star.

The Cat and the Canary (1927 film)

The Cat and the Canary19271927 film
His silent horror film The Cat and the Canary is the third film in the Universal Classic Monsters series and is considered "the cornerstone of Universal's school of horror."
The Cat and the Canary is a 1927 American silent horror film adaptation of John Willard's 1922 black comedy play of the same name.

Waxworks (film)

WaxworksDas WachsfigurenkabinettWaxworks'' (film)
In 1924, German filmmaker Paul Leni made another representative German Expressionist film with Das Wachsfigurenkabinett, or Waxworks as it is commonly known.
Waxworks (Das Wachsfigurenkabinett) is a 1924 German silent fantasy-horror film directed by Paul Leni.

The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923 film)

The Hunchback of Notre Dame1923 filmHunchback of Notre Dame
The first film of the series was The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923) starring Lon Chaney as the hunchback Quasimodo.
The Hunchback of Notre Dame is a 1923 American romantic drama film with horror elements starring Lon Chaney, directed by Wallace Worsley, and produced by Carl Laemmle and Irving Thalberg.

The Golem (1915 film)

The GolemDer GolemThe Golem'' (1915 film)
Wegener teamed up with Henrik Galeen to create Der Golem (1915).
Der Golem (Der Golem, shown in the US as The Monster of Fate) is a 1915 German silent horror partially lost film, written and directed by Paul Wegener and Henrik Galeen.

The House of the Devil (1896 film)

Le Manoir du diableThe Haunted CastleThe House of the Devil
The best known of these early supernatural-based works is the 3-minute short film Le Manoir du Diable (1896), known in English as both "The Haunted Castle" or "The House of the Devil".
However, because of its themes and characters, the film has been considered to technically be the first horror film.

The Last Performance

The fifth and last film of the Universal Classic Monsters series in the 1920s is The Last Performance (1929).
The Last Performance is a 1927 American horror film directed by Paul Fejos and starring Conrad Veidt and Mary Philbin.