Horror film

Max Schreck as Count Orlok in the 1922 film Nosferatu. Critic and historian Kim Newman declared it as a film that set the template for the horror film.
Depiction of the usage of mirrors in horror films.
Bela Lugosi in Dracula (1931), a film noted as inspiring a wave of subsequent American horror films in the 1930s.
George A. Romero's Night of the Living Dead (1968) led to what Newman described as a "slow burning influence" in independent and thoughtful horror films in the 1970s.
Some cast and crew members of The Blair Witch Project (1999), one of the highest grossing horror films of the 1990s.
Park Chan-wook, the director of Thirst (2009), one of the many varied Korean horror films from the early 21st century.
French director Julia Ducournau (centre) won the Palme d'Or for horror film Titane. She is pictured with actors Agathe Rousselle and Vincent Lindon, who star in the film, at the 2021 Cannes Film Festival.
Jörg Buttgereit in 2015. Buttgereit was described by Kai-Uwe Werbeck as "arguably the most visible German horror director of the 1980s and early 1990s"
Still from Dario Argento's Suspiria (1977). Curti described the film as developing an "artistic rebirth" and "irrational dimension" to the Italian gothic from its "set pieces to the color and the music."
Filmmaker and composer John Carpenter, who has directed and scored numerous horror films, performing in 2016.
Cannibal Holocaust (1980) uses a found footage style.
Still of Madhubala in Mahal (1949), considered one of the first Indian horror films.

Film genre that seeks to elicit fear or disgust in its audience for entertainment purposes.

- Horror film
Max Schreck as Count Orlok in the 1922 film Nosferatu. Critic and historian Kim Newman declared it as a film that set the template for the horror film.

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Riccardo Freda on the set of I Vampiri

Riccardo Freda

Italian film director.

Italian film director.

Riccardo Freda on the set of I Vampiri

He worked in a variety of genres, including sword-and-sandal, horror, giallo and spy films.

Italian film poster

The Girl Who Knew Too Much (1963 film)

1963 Italian giallo film.

1963 Italian giallo film.

Italian film poster
The Spanish Steps, where Davis believes she has witnessed a murder
Letícia Román in 1961. The Girl Who Knew Too Much was Román's first leading role.

The Girl Who Knew Too Much is considered to be the first giallo film, a film genre with a mixture of thriller, sexploitation and horror conventions.

Saw (franchise)

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The Saw series was placed in the Guinness World Records as the "Most Successful Horror Franchise". Pictured here is director Kevin Greutert receiving the award at the 2010 Comic-Con.

Saw is a horror franchise created by Australian film makers James Wan and Leigh Whannell, consisting of nine feature films and additional media.

Lugosi c. undefined 1912

Bela Lugosi

Lugosi c. undefined 1912
Lugosi at age 18
Bela Lugosi in 1920
Lugosi in Shadowland Magazine, 1923
Bela Lugosi as Count Dracula in 1931
Warner Oland and Lugosi in The Black Camel (1931)
Boris Karloff and Bela Lugosi in The Raven (1935)
Lugosi in Mark of the Vampire (1935) with Elizabeth Allen and Henry Wadsworth
Boris Karloff as Frankenstein's monster, Basil Rathbone as Dr. Frankenstein's son, and Lugosi as Ygor in Son of Frankenstein (1939)
Lon Chaney Jr. as Frankenstein's monster, Evelyn Ankers, and Lugosi as Ygor in The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942)
Lugosi as Frankenstein's monster and Lon Chaney Jr. as the Wolf Man in Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943)
Lobby card for The Ape Man (1943) with Lugosi and Minerva Urecal
Lugosi in The Devil Bat (1940)
Lugosi (center) with Polly Ann Young and Clarence Muse in The Invisible Ghost (1941)
Tor Johnson and Lugosi in ''Bride of the Monster (1956)
Lugosi in Ed Wood's Plan 9 from Outer Space (1959)
With first wife Ilona Szmik, 1917
Lugosi's grave at Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California
Bust of Lugosi on Vajdahunyad Castle in Budapest, Hungary.
Lugosi's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

Béla Ferenc Dezső Blaskó (October 20, 1882 – August 16, 1956), known professionally as Bela Lugosi, was a Hungarian and American actor best remembered for portraying Count Dracula in the 1931 film, Ygor in Son of Frankenstein (1939) and his roles in many other horror films from 1931 through 1956.

Cronenberg at the 2012 Genie Awards

David Cronenberg

Canadian film director, screenwriter, and actor.

Canadian film director, screenwriter, and actor.

Cronenberg at the 2012 Genie Awards
Cronenberg at the 2011 Toronto International Film Festival

Cronenberg is best known for exploring these themes through sci-fi horror films such as Shivers (1975), Scanners (1981), Videodrome (1983) and The Fly (1986), though he has also directed dramas, psychological thrillers and gangster films.

An Illustration of Poe's "The Raven" by Gustave Doré

Horror fiction

Genre of speculative fiction which is intended to frighten, scare, or disgust.

Genre of speculative fiction which is intended to frighten, scare, or disgust.

An Illustration of Poe's "The Raven" by Gustave Doré
Athenodorus
Vlad III
Horace Walpole wrote the first Gothic novel, The Castle of Otranto (1764), initiating a new literary genre.
Mary Shelley by Richard Rothwell (1840–41)
Stephen King
Illustration from an 1882 issue of Punch: An English editorial cartoonist conceives the Irish Fenian movement as akin to Frankenstein's monster, in the wake of the Phoenix Park killings. Menacing villains and monsters in horror literature can often be seen as metaphors for the fears incarnate of a society.

Early cinema was inspired by many aspects of horror literature, and started a strong tradition of horror films and subgenres that continues to this day.

Theatrical release poster

The Silence of the Lambs (film)

1991 American psychological horror film directed by Jonathan Demme and written by Ted Tally, adapted from Thomas Harris's 1988 novel.

1991 American psychological horror film directed by Jonathan Demme and written by Ted Tally, adapted from Thomas Harris's 1988 novel.

Theatrical release poster

It is the only horror film to win Best Picture.

Wise in 1990

Robert Wise

American film director, producer, and editor.

American film director, producer, and editor.

Wise in 1990

Wise achieved critical success as a director in a striking variety of film genres: horror, noir, western, war, science fiction, musical and drama, with many repeat successes within each genre.

Theatrical release poster

Dawn of the Dead (2004 film)

2004 American action horror film directed by Zack Snyder in his directorial debut, from a screenplay by James Gunn.

2004 American action horror film directed by Zack Snyder in his directorial debut, from a screenplay by James Gunn.

Theatrical release poster
James Gunn (pictured in 2013) agreed to write the script for Dawn of the Dead due to his love of the original film and zombie films in general.
Zack Snyder (pictured in 2015) worked primarily as a television commercial director before he made his feature film debut with Dawn of the Dead.
The scene in which the mall's parking lot is packed with tens of thousands of zombies was achieved with motion-control passes, and actor Ving Rhames being filmed over a cluster of 200 extras that were shot against green screen at various spots.

Plans to remake 1978's Dawn of the Dead were conceived by producer Eric Newman, a fan of zombie films who cited the George A. Romero horror film as the best in this genre.

D'Amato at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival

Joe D'Amato

D'Amato at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival

Aristide Massaccesi (15 December 1936 – 23 January 1999), known professionally as Joe D'Amato, was an Italian film director, producer, cinematographer, and screenwriter who worked in many genres (westerns, decamerotici, peplum, war films, swashbuckler, comedy, fantasy, postapocalyptic film, and erotic thriller) but is best known for his horror, erotic and adult films.