Hosni Mubarak

MubarakPresident MubarakMohamed Hosni MubarakHosni MobarakPresident Hosni MubarakHousni MubarakMuhammad Hosni MubarakHosni MubarekMohammed Hosni Mubarakassassination attempt
Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak (محمد حسني السيد مبارك, ; born 4 May 1928) is a former Egyptian military and political leader who served as the fourth president of Egypt from 1981 to 2011.wikipedia
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Egyptian revolution of 2011

2011 Egyptian revolutionEgyptian revolution2011 Egyptian protests
Mubarak stepped down after 18 days of demonstrations during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011.
Millions of protesters from a range of socio-economic and religious backgrounds demanded the overthrow of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.

Omar Suleiman

Omar Suliman
On 11 February 2011, Vice President Omar Suleiman announced that Mubarak had resigned as president and transferred authority to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.
A leading figure in Egypt's intelligence system beginning in 1986, Suleiman was appointed to the long-vacant Vice Presidency by President Hosni Mubarak on 29 January 2011.

Gamal Mubarak

GamalGamal Moubarak
On 13 April 2011, a prosecutor ordered Mubarak and both of his sons (Alaa and Gamal) to be detained for 15 days of questioning about allegations of corruption and abuse of power.
Gamal Al Din Mohammed Hosni Ei Sayed Mubarak, (born 27 December 1963), is the younger of the two sons of former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and former First Lady Suzanne Mubarak.

Supreme Council of the Armed Forces

SCAFcapitalist governmentinterim government
On 11 February 2011, Vice President Omar Suleiman announced that Mubarak had resigned as president and transferred authority to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.
As a consequence of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, SCAF assumed power to govern Egypt from departing President Hosni Mubarak on 11 February 2011, and relinquished power on 30 June 2012 upon the start of Mohamed Morsi's term as president.

List of presidents of Egypt

PresidentfifthPresident of Egypt
Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak (محمد حسني السيد مبارك, ; born 4 May 1928) is a former Egyptian military and political leader who served as the fourth president of Egypt from 1981 to 2011.
Since then the office has been held by five further people: Gamal Abdel Nasser, Anwar Sadat, Hosni Mubarak, Mohamed Morsi and Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.

Alaa Mubarak

AlaaAlā'-ud-dīn Muhammad Husni Sayyid Mubarak
On 13 April 2011, a prosecutor ordered Mubarak and both of his sons (Alaa and Gamal) to be detained for 15 days of questioning about allegations of corruption and abuse of power.
Alaa Mubarak (born 26 November 1960 in Cairo) is an Egyptian businessman and the elder of two sons of Hosni Mubarak, the former President of Egypt who served from 1981 to 2011, and his wife Suzanne Mubarak.

Egyptian Air Force

Royal Egyptian Air ForceAir ForceEgyptian Army Air Force
Before he entered politics, Mubarak was a career officer in the Egyptian Air Force.
The Egyptian Air Force commander during the war was then-Air Marshal Hosni Mubarak.

Cairo

Cairo, EgyptCaireneAbbaseya
Mubarak was detained in a military hospital and his sons were freed 12 October 2015 by a Cairo court.
Cairo's Tahrir Square was the focal point of the 2011 Egyptian Revolution against former president Hosni Mubarak.

Egypt

EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
Hosni Mubarak was born on 4 May 1928 in Kafr El-Meselha, Monufia Governorate, Egypt.
Hosni Mubarak came to power after the assassination of Sadat in a referendum in which he was the only candidate.

Hafez al-Assad

Hafez AssadHafez al AssadHafiz al-Assad
In September 1975, Mubarak went on a mission to Riyadh and Damascus to persuade the Saudi Arabian and Syrian governments to accept the disengagement agreement signed with the Israeli government ("Sinai II"), but was refused a meeting by the Syrian President Hafez Al-Assad.
After reaching the rank of captain he was transferred to Egypt, continuing his military education with future president of Egypt Hosni Mubarak.

Egyptian Air Academy

Air Force AcademyEgyptian Air Force Academy
On 2 February 1949, he left the Military Academy and joined the Air Force Academy, gaining his commission as a pilot officer on 13 March 1950 and eventually receiving a bachelor's degree in aviation sciences.
Future Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak served as a lecturer and later as director of the Egyptian Air Academy at various times during the 1950s and 1960s

Mohamed Hassanein Heikal

Mohamed HeikalMohammad Hassanein HeykalHeikal
The Egyptian analyst Mohamed Hassanein Heikal said the Air Force played a mostly psychological role in the war, providing an inspirational sight for the Egyptian ground troops who carried out the crossing of the Suez Canal, rather than for any military necessity.
Throughout his career he was a literary critic of Anwar Sadat and Hosni Mubarak's military regimes, which he perceived as having departed from Nasser's original nationalist dream.

Egyptians

EgyptianEgyptian peopleEgypt
Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak (محمد حسني السيد مبارك, ; born 4 May 1928) is a former Egyptian military and political leader who served as the fourth president of Egypt from 1981 to 2011.
Sadat was assassinated in Cairo by members of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad in 1981, and was succeeded by Hosni Mubarak.

Kant (air base)

Kant Air Basemilitary pilot school in Kyrgyzstan999th Air Base at Kant
From February 1959 to June 1961, Mubarak undertook further training in the Soviet Union, attending a Soviet pilot training school in Moscow and another at Kant Air Base near Bishkek in the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic.
Among its graduates were Egyptian former president Hosni Mubarak and the late Syrian president Hafez al-Assad, as well as India's Air Chief Marshal Dilbagh Singh and South Yemen Brigadier Pilot Shakeeb Khobani.

Yasser Arafat

Yasir ArafatYassir ArafatArafat
In December 1983, Mubarak welcomed Yasser Arafat of the PLO to a summit in Cairo, marking a rapprochement with the PLO, and from that time, Egypt became the PLO's main ally.
Since Arafat was raised in Cairo, the tradition of dropping the Mohammed or Ahmad portion of one's first name was common; notable Egyptians such as Anwar Sadat and Hosni Mubarak did so.

Gulf War

Operation Desert StormPersian Gulf WarOperation Desert Shield
Egypt was a member of the allied coalition during the 1991 Gulf War; Egyptian infantry were some of the first to land in Saudi Arabia to remove Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
Discussions in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, mediated on the Arab League's behalf by Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, were held on 31 July and led Mubarak to believe that a peaceful course could be established.

Fahd of Saudi Arabia

King FahdFahdFahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
During his meetings with the Saudi government, Mubarak developed a friendship with the nation's powerful Crown Prince Fahd, whom Sadat had refused to meet or contact and who was now seen as major player who could help mend the failing relationship between Egypt and Saudi Arabia.
He developed a special bond with both Syrian President Hafez Assad and Egyptian President Hosni Mobarak during his reign.

Assassination of Anwar Sadat

assassinationassassinatedSadat was assassinated
He assumed presidency after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
Twenty-eight were wounded, including Vice President Hosni Mubarak, Irish Defence Minister James Tully, and four US military liaison officers.

Saudi Arabia

SaudiKingdom of Saudi ArabiaKSA
During his meetings with the Saudi government, Mubarak developed a friendship with the nation's powerful Crown Prince Fahd, whom Sadat had refused to meet or contact and who was now seen as major player who could help mend the failing relationship between Egypt and Saudi Arabia.
Following the Arab Spring Saudi Arabia offered asylum to deposed President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali of Tunisia and King Abdullah telephoned President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt (prior to his deposition) to offer his support.

2003 invasion of Iraq

invasion of IraqIraq War2003 Iraq War
President Mubarak spoke out against the 2003 invasion of Iraq, arguing that the Israeli–Palestinian conflict should have been resolved first.
Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak's national security advisor, Osama El-Baz, sent a message to the U.S. State Department that the Iraqis wanted to discuss the accusations that the country had weapons of mass destruction and ties with Al-Qaeda.

Achille Lauro hijacking

Achille Lauro'' hijackingAchille Laurohijacked
In 1985, the Achille Lauro hijacking caused a major crisis in relations when the U.S Air Force forced an EgyptAir plane carrying the Achille Lauro hi-jackers to Tunisia to land in Italy; otherwise the plane would have been shot down.
Arafat, through Abbas, also got Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to pledge to turn over the hijackers to the PLO in Tunis for prosecution.

Monufia Governorate

MonufiaEl MonufiaMenoufia
Hosni Mubarak was born on 4 May 1928 in Kafr El-Meselha, Monufia Governorate, Egypt.
Monufia Governorate is particularly known for being the birthplace of two Egyptian presidents, Anwar Sadat (1918–1981), born in Mit Abu El Kom and Hosni Mubarak (1928-), born in Kafr El Meselha.

Ayman Nour

Dr Ayman Nour
In a move widely seen as political persecution, Ayman Nour, a dissident and candidate for the El-Ghad Party ("Tomorrow party") was convicted of forgery and sentenced to five years' hard labor on 24 December 2005.
Nour was the first man to ever compete against former President Hosni Mubarak for the presidency of Egypt in 2005.

State Security Investigations Service

SSIState SecurityState Security Intelligence
In his early years in power, Mubarak expanded the Egyptian State Security Investigations Service (Mabahith Amn ad-Dawla) and the Central Security Forces (anti-riot and containment forces).
During the Sadat and Mubarak eras, the agency continued its focus on radical Islamists but eased up on the suppression of the Liberal opposition.

Anwar Sadat

Anwar El SadatAnwar al-SadatAnwar el-Sadat
In April 1975, President Anwar Sadat appointed Mubarak Vice President of Egypt.
Twenty-eight were wounded, including Vice President Hosni Mubarak, Irish Defence Minister James Tully, and four US military liaison officers.