Hostile witness

hostileadverse witnessgive false statementsturned "hostile
A hostile witness, otherwise known as an adverse witness or an unfavorable witness, is a witness at trial whose testimony on direct examination is either openly antagonistic or appears to be contrary to the legal position of the party who called the witness.wikipedia
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Leading question

leading questionsleadingquestions biased
If the request is granted, the attorney may proceed to ask the witness leading questions.
An examiner may generally ask leading questions of a hostile witness or on cross-examination (to elicit testimony which the witness might be reluctant to volunteer), but not on direct examination (to "coach" the witness to provide a particular answer).

Testimony

testifytestifiedtestimonies
A hostile witness, otherwise known as an adverse witness or an unfavorable witness, is a witness at trial whose testimony on direct examination is either openly antagonistic or appears to be contrary to the legal position of the party who called the witness.
Hostile witness

Witness impeachment

impeachimpeachmentimpeach a witness
Leading questions either suggest the answer ("You saw my client sign the contract, correct?") or challenge (impeach) the witness's testimony.
2) If the witness were hostile (such as the witness refusing to co-operate).

Direct examination

directexamination-in-chiefevidence in chief
A hostile witness, otherwise known as an adverse witness or an unfavorable witness, is a witness at trial whose testimony on direct examination is either openly antagonistic or appears to be contrary to the legal position of the party who called the witness.
The lawyer may then ask the court to declare the person he or she has called to the stand a hostile witness.

Cross-examination

cross-examinecross-examinedcross examination
As a rule, leading questions are generally only allowed during cross-examination, but a hostile witness is an exception to this rule.
Since a witness called by the opposing party is presumed to be hostile, cross-examination does permit leading questions.

Evidence Act 2006

In New Zealand, section 94 of the Evidence Act 2006 permits a party to cross-examine their own witness if the presiding judge determines the witness to be hostile and gives permission.
Section 94 enables a party to cross-examine a witness called by that party if the Judge determines that the witness is hostile and gives permission for the cross-examination.

Witness

eyewitnesswitnesseseyewitnesses
A hostile witness, otherwise known as an adverse witness or an unfavorable witness, is a witness at trial whose testimony on direct examination is either openly antagonistic or appears to be contrary to the legal position of the party who called the witness.

Trial

mistrialtriedtrials
A hostile witness, otherwise known as an adverse witness or an unfavorable witness, is a witness at trial whose testimony on direct examination is either openly antagonistic or appears to be contrary to the legal position of the party who called the witness.

Gestalt psychology

GestaltGestalt psychologistGestalt theory
Attorneys can influence a hostile witness's responses by using Gestalt psychology to influence the way the witness perceives the situation, and utility theory to understand their likely responses.

Utility

utility functionutility theoryutilities
Attorneys can influence a hostile witness's responses by using Gestalt psychology to influence the way the witness perceives the situation, and utility theory to understand their likely responses.

Kato Kaelin

Kaelin v. Globe Communications
His story seemed to contradict Simpson's version of the events on some key points, as he testified that he could not account for Simpson's whereabouts between 9:36 p.m. and 11:00 p.m. on the evening the murders took place, which the prosecution alleged occurred between 10:00 p.m. and 10:30 p.m. In spite of "valuable evidence" provided by Kaelin in his testimony, prosecutor Marcia Clark took the unusual step of having him declared a hostile witness, "allowing her to attack her own prosecution witness without repeated objections from Simpson's defense team."

Fred Phelps

Phelps familyfatherReverend Fred Phelps
In the ensuing trial, Phelps called Brady to the stand, declared her a hostile witness, and then cross-examined her for nearly a week, during which he accused her of being a "slut", tried to introduce testimony from former boyfriends whom Phelps wanted to subpoena, and accused her of a variety of perverse sexual acts, ultimately reducing her to tears on the stand.

Chambers v. Mississippi

The defense then asked for permission to examine McDonald as an adverse witness.

Best Bakery case

Best BakeryBest Bakery murder trial
Further, in court on 23 March 2003, as many as 37 of the 73 witnesses, including Sheikh, turned hostile.

Viruddh... Family Comes First

Viruddh
Witnesses and close friends of Amar too give false statements.

Young offenders in the 2006 Ontario terrorism plot

A youth, who cannot be namedone of the five who cannot be namedSaad Gaya
At the trial, RCMP mole Mubin Shaikh was accused of "confecting evidence" in order to protect the youth by the crown prosecutor who made the rare move of labeling his own witness as hostile.

Ladd v Marshall

Ladd's counsel did not apply for Mrs Marshall to be treated as a hostile witness so that she could be cross-examined, and the first-instance judge (Glynn-Jones J), who did not accept the unsupported testimony of Ladd and Warren, dismissed the case.

2004 in India

2004
21 December – Zahira Sheikh, key witness in Best Bakery case is declared hostile by the prosecution after she went back on her police statement during the retrial.

Case of the Hooded Man

Low received permission from the judge to treat Seymour as a hostile witness; despite this, she refused to say anything that would incriminate Williams.

Uphaar Cinema fire

Civil compensation case
Four of the accused died, and eight witnesses, mostly relatives of Ansals turned hostile witness, despite High court responding to AVUT's plea and asking trial court in 2002, to expedite the case Meanwhile, as the criminal trial dragged on, in 2003, a presiding judge commented upon the repeated requests (for adjournment) as being intended to delay the case.

Robert Keeton

Robert E. Keeton
One rule of Keeton's program was to not ask hostile witnesses open-ended questions.

Adverse party

adverse spouseopposite party
A witness called on behalf of an adverse party is usually an adverse witness.

Trial advocacy

Working with witnesses offered by the opposing party who may be hostile or uncooperative.