Hostility

hostileinimicalhostilitiesmalevolenthostile glanceshostile takeover bidmalevolencemilitary tension
Hostility is seen as form of emotionally charged aggressive behavior.wikipedia
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Aggression

aggressiveaggressivenessaggressive behavior
Hostility is seen as form of emotionally charged aggressive behavior. In everyday speech it is more commonly used as a synonym for anger and aggression.
Classification may also encompass aggression-related emotions (e.g. anger) and mental states (e.g. impulsivity, hostility).

Facet (psychology)

facetsfacetfaceted
For instance it is a facet of neuroticism in the NEO PI, and forms part of personal construct psychology, developed by George Kelly.

Anger

wrathangryIrate
In everyday speech it is more commonly used as a synonym for anger and aggression.
A person can respond with hostile action, including overt violence, or they can respond with hostile inaction, such as withdrawing or stonewalling.

Revised NEO Personality Inventory

NEO PI-RNEONEO-PI-R
For instance it is a facet of neuroticism in the NEO PI, and forms part of personal construct psychology, developed by George Kelly.

Synonym

synonymssyn.synonymous
In everyday speech it is more commonly used as a synonym for anger and aggression.

Neuroticism

neuroticneuroticallyadult neurotic
For instance it is a facet of neuroticism in the NEO PI, and forms part of personal construct psychology, developed by George Kelly.

Personal construct theory

personal construct psychologypersonal constructThe Psychology of Personal Constructs
For instance it is a facet of neuroticism in the NEO PI, and forms part of personal construct psychology, developed by George Kelly.

George Kelly (psychologist)

George KellyGeorge Alexander Kelly
For instance it is a facet of neuroticism in the NEO PI, and forms part of personal construct psychology, developed by George Kelly. In psychological terms, George Kelly considered hostility as the attempt to extort validating evidence from the environment to confirm types of social prediction, constructs, that have failed.

Robert Sapolsky

Robert M. SapolskyRobert Morris SapolskySapolsky, Robert M.
Robert Sapolsky argues that the tendency to form in-groups and out-groups of Us and Them, and to direct hostility at the latter, is inherent in humans.

Samuel Bowles (economist)

Samuel Bowles
He also explores the possibility raised by Samuel Bowles that intra-group hostility is reduced when greater hostility is directed at Thems, something exploited by insecure leaders when they mobilise external conflicts so as to reduce in-group hostility towards themselves.

Desmond Morris

DogwatchingDr Desmond MorrisMorris, Desmond
Desmond Morris would add stamping and thumping.

Haka

Māori dance of challengedanceha'a
The Haka represents a ritualised set of such non-verbal signs of hostility.

Social constructionism

social constructionsocially constructedsocial constructionist
In psychological terms, George Kelly considered hostility as the attempt to extort validating evidence from the environment to confirm types of social prediction, constructs, that have failed.

Extortion

extortextortingextorted
In this sense hostility is a form of psychological extortion - an attempt to force reality to produce the desired feedback, even by acting out in bullying by individuals and groups in various social contexts, in order that preconceptions become ever more widely validated.

Acting out

act outacted outacts out
In this sense hostility is a form of psychological extortion - an attempt to force reality to produce the desired feedback, even by acting out in bullying by individuals and groups in various social contexts, in order that preconceptions become ever more widely validated.

Bullying

bullybulliedbullies
In this sense hostility is a form of psychological extortion - an attempt to force reality to produce the desired feedback, even by acting out in bullying by individuals and groups in various social contexts, in order that preconceptions become ever more widely validated.

Leon Festinger

Festingerfailed prophecy
Kelly's theory of cognitive hostility thus forms a parallel to Leon Festinger's view that there is an inherent impulse to reduce cognitive dissonance.

Cognitive dissonance

cognitive dissonance theorydissonancecognitive consistency
Kelly's theory of cognitive hostility thus forms a parallel to Leon Festinger's view that there is an inherent impulse to reduce cognitive dissonance.

Persistence (psychology)

persistenceperseverancetenacity
While challenging reality can be a useful part of life, and persistence in the face of failure can be a valuable trait (for instance in invention or discovery ), in the case of hostility it is argued that evidence is not being accurately assessed but rather forced into a Procrustean mould in order to maintain one's belief systems and avoid having one's identity challenged.

Procrustes

ProcrusteanProcrustean bedDamastes
While challenging reality can be a useful part of life, and persistence in the face of failure can be a valuable trait (for instance in invention or discovery ), in the case of hostility it is argued that evidence is not being accurately assessed but rather forced into a Procrustean mould in order to maintain one's belief systems and avoid having one's identity challenged.

Thought suppression

suppressionsuppress thoughtssuppress
Instead it is claimed that hostility shows evidence of suppression or denial, and is "deleted" from awareness - unfavorable evidence which might suggest that a prior belief is flawed is to various degrees ignored and willfully avoided.

Denial

denydenyingDARVO
Instead it is claimed that hostility shows evidence of suppression or denial, and is "deleted" from awareness - unfavorable evidence which might suggest that a prior belief is flawed is to various degrees ignored and willfully avoided.