Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946
Musicians working in a recording studio.
The habanera rhythm shown as tresillo (lower notes) with the backbeat (upper note)
Fats Domino in 1956
Piano excerpt from the rumba boogie "Mardi Gras in New Orleans" (1949) by Professor Longhair. 2–3 claves are written above for rhythmic reference.
3–2 clave written in two measures in cut-time
Tresillo answered by the backbeat, the essence of clave in African American music
Bo Diddley's "Bo Diddley beat" is a clave-based motif.
Ray Charles in 1971
Ruth Brown was known as the "Queen of R&B"
Della Reese
Sam Cooke
Eric Burdon & the Animals (1964)

Dominated over the years at various times by jazz, rhythm and blues, doo-wop, rock and roll, soul, and funk, it is today dominated by contemporary R&B and hip hop.

- Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs

The term "rhythm and blues" was used by Billboard in its chart listings from June 1949 until August 1969, when its "Hot Rhythm & Blues Singles" chart was renamed as "Best Selling Soul Singles".

- Rhythm and blues
Louis Jordan in New York City, c. undefined July 1946

8 related topics

Alpha

Al Green (1973), one of the genre's major pioneering artists

Soul music

Popular music genre that originated in the African American community throughout the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

Popular music genre that originated in the African American community throughout the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

Al Green (1973), one of the genre's major pioneering artists
Ray Charles pioneered the soul music genre during the 1950s by combining blues, rhythm and blues, and gospel styles
James Brown was known as the "Godfather of Soul"
Sam Cooke is acknowledged as one of soul music's "forefathers".
Solomon Burke recorded for Atlantic in the 1960s
Aretha Franklin is widely known as the "Queen of Soul"
Marvin Gaye shifted to a soul sound with his 1971 hit "What's Going On"
Levi Stubbs singing lead with the Four Tops in 1966
Soul singer Otis Redding was an electrifying stage presence
Isaac Hayes performing in 1973
Adele performing in 2016

It has its roots in African-American gospel music and rhythm and blues.

Soul music dominated the U.S. R&B chart in the 1960s, and many recordings crossed over into the pop charts in the U.S., Britain, and elsewhere.

Usher at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival

Usher (musician)

American R&B singer.

American R&B singer.

Usher at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival
Usher arriving in Miami, Florida, to attend the 2004 MTV Video Music Awards
Usher performing at the We Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln Memorial in 2009
Usher on the OMG Tour in 2010
Usher performing in 2010
Usher on the URX Tour in 2014
Usher at the 2015 Global Citizen Festival
Usher at the Kennedy Center in 2019
Usher on his 2008 One Night Stand: Ladies Only Tour, at the Warfield Theatre
Usher aboard the USS Kearsarge in 2008
Usher at the 2015 Kennedy Center Honors
Usher at Rico Love's Division 1 launch in 2010
Usher at his 2007 launch of fragrances Usher He and Usher She
Usher giving a speech at the Service Nation Summit in 2008
Chilli on stage

It also reached No. 1 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.

Recognised as an icon, Billboard placed him at number 14 on their "Greatest of All Time Hot 100 Artists" list, 6 on their "Top 60 Male Artists of All-Time" list, and 31 on their "35 Greatest R&B Artists of All Time" list.

Billboard declared R. Kelly the most successful R&B artist of the past 25 years in 2010. He is also referred to as the "King of R&B" by media.

Contemporary R&B

Billboard declared R. Kelly the most successful R&B artist of the past 25 years in 2010. He is also referred to as the "King of R&B" by media.
Usher was cited by Billboard as the no. 1 Hot 100 artist of the 2000s decade, with 7 number-one singles that accumulated 42 weeks at the top.
Alicia Keys ranked fifth on Billboard Artist of the Decade list. "No One" ranks No. 6 on the Billboard Hot 100 songs of the decade.
Beyoncé was named by Billboard the most successful female act of the 2000s.

Contemporary R&B (or simply R&B) is a popular music genre that combines rhythm and blues with elements of pop, soul, funk, hip hop, and electronic music.

It peaking at number one on the Billboard Hot 100, Mainstream Top 40 and Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs charts.

Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers

Doo-wop

Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers
The Moonglows, 1956
Herman Santiago, original lead singer of the Teenagers
The Ramones in Toronto (1976)
The Cleftones during their participation in the doo-wop festival celebrated in May 2010 at the Benedum Center.
Kathy Young with the Earth Angels performing Kathy's hit "A Thousand Stars" during the festival of this genre celebrated at the Benedum Center for the Performing Arts in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in May 2010

Doo-wop (also spelled doowop and doo wop) is a genre of rhythm and blues music that originated in African-American communities during the 1940s, mainly in the large cities of the United States, including New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Chicago, Baltimore, Newark, Detroit, Washington, DC, and Los Angeles.

Among the Du Droppers' most enduring songs are "I Wanna Know" and "I Found Out (What You Do When You Go Round There)", which both reached number three on the Billboard R&B charts in 1953.

American jazz composer, lyricist, and pianist Eubie Blake made an early contribution to the genre's etymology

Paul Williams (saxophonist)

American jazz and blues saxophonist, bandleader, and songwriter.

American jazz and blues saxophonist, bandleader, and songwriter.

American jazz composer, lyricist, and pianist Eubie Blake made an early contribution to the genre's etymology

His record "The Huckle-Buck", recorded in December 1948, was one of the most successful R&B records of the time.

Credited as the Paul Williams Sextette, they recorded in Detroit for Savoy Records in September 1947, and "Thirty-Five Thirty" (named for Joe Von Battle's record shop at 3530 Hastings Street) reached number 8 on the Billboard R&B chart (then called the race records chart) in early 1948.

Drake performing in 2016

Drake (musician)

Canadian rapper, singer, and actor.

Canadian rapper, singer, and actor.

Drake performing in 2016
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Drake performing at the Summer Sixteen Tour in Toronto in 2016
Drake at the premiere of The Carter Effect at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival
The logo of Drake's OVO Sound imprint
A Boeing 767-200 airplane similar to the one Drake acquired in 2020

He additionally has the most number-one singles on the R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, Hot Rap Songs, and Rhythmic Airplay charts.

Primarily a hip hop album, Drake also attempted to incorporate R&B and pop to create a languid, grandiose sound.

1949 78 label

The Hucklebuck

1949 78 label

"The Hucklebuck" (sometimes written "The Huckle-Buck") is a jazz and R&B dance tune first popularized by Paul Williams and His Hucklebuckers in 1949.

Williams renamed the song as "The Huckle-Buck", and his recording rapidly rose to the top of the R&B chart.

Promotional photo of Benton (1959)

Brook Benton

Promotional photo of Benton (1959)
Benton in 1970

Benjamin Franklin Peay (September 19, 1931 – April 9, 1988), better known as Brook Benton, was an American singer and songwriter who was popular with rock and roll, rhythm and blues, and pop music audiences during the late 1950s and early 1960s, with hits such as "It's Just a Matter of Time" and "Endlessly", many of which he co-wrote.

Benton eventually charted a total of 49 singles on the Billboard Hot 100, with other songs charting on Billboards rhythm and blues, easy listening, and Christmas music charts.