Hua Guofeng

Hua Guofeng during a visit to the Hôtel de Ville in Paris, 1979
Hua Guofeng in 1935
Hua Guofeng in 1941
In July 1970, Hua Guofeng participated in the agriculture of the Dongtundu Subdistrict in the suburbs of Changsha.
In 1978, the classroom of a kindergarten in Shanghai in which is displayed portraits of then-Chairman Hua Guofeng and former Chairman Mao Zedong
Hua Guofeng with Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi during a state visit in Iran, 1978
Hua Guofeng at Brijuni, SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia, 1978.
Tomb of Hua Guofeng at Jiaocheng County

Chinese politician who served as Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party and Premier of the People's Republic of China.

- Hua Guofeng
Hua Guofeng during a visit to the Hôtel de Ville in Paris, 1979

29 related topics

Alpha

A Hawker Siddeley Trident, similar to the aircraft involved.

Lin Biao

Chinese politician and Marshal of the People's Republic of China who was pivotal in the Communist victory during the Chinese Civil War, especially in Northeast China from 1946 to 1949.

Chinese politician and Marshal of the People's Republic of China who was pivotal in the Communist victory during the Chinese Civil War, especially in Northeast China from 1946 to 1949.

A Hawker Siddeley Trident, similar to the aircraft involved.
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Lin Biao with wife Ye Qun and their children
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Lin as commander-in-chief of the Manchurian Field Army (~1947–1948)
Lin Biao and Ye Qun
On 1 October 1959, Lin Biao, as defense minister, surveyed the honor guards at the military parade celebrating the 10th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.
Lin Biao's calligraphy in the Summer Palace, 1966
Lin Biao (right), Mao Zedong (center) and Zhou Enlai, waving copies of the Little Red Book, at Tiananmen, during the Cultural Revolution (1967)
Lin Biao with Mao Zedong
Lin Biao reading the Little Red Book. This is the last photo of him ever taken (1971)
Project 571 Outline
Lin Liguo with Ye Qun
Qinhuangdao Shanhaiguan Airport, provenance of the aircraft
Graffiti with Lin Biao's foreword to Mao's Little Red Book. Lin's name (lower right) was later scratched out, presumably after his death.

Many of the original government records relevant to Lin's death were secretly and intentionally destroyed, with the approval of the Politburo, during the brief period of Hua Guofeng's interregnum in the late 1970s.

Strategic Issues of Anti-Japanese Guerrilla War (1938)

Maoism

Variety of Marxism–Leninism that Mao Zedong developed for realising a socialist revolution in the agricultural, pre-industrial society of the Republic of China and later the People's Republic of China.

Variety of Marxism–Leninism that Mao Zedong developed for realising a socialist revolution in the agricultural, pre-industrial society of the Republic of China and later the People's Republic of China.

Strategic Issues of Anti-Japanese Guerrilla War (1938)
Strategic Issues in the Chinese Revolutionary War (1947)
Beijing, 1978. The billboard reads, "Long Live Marxism, Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought!"
Mao Zedong
Deng Xiaoping
Maoist leader Prachanda speaking at a rally in Pokhara, Nepal
Maoism is described as being Marxism–Leninism adapted to Chinese conditions whereas its variant Marxism–Leninism–Maoism is considered universally applicable
The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) in February 2013
The flag of FP-25
Mao Zedong meets Richard Nixon on February 21, 1972, leading to a radical turn of events in which Nixon took steps to placate tensions between the People's Republic of China and the United States, beginning the slow process of reestablishing diplomatic relations between the two global powers
Despite falling out of favor within the Chinese Communist Party by 1978, Mao is still revered, with Deng's famous "70% right, 30% wrong" line

Thousands of Maoists were arrested in the Hua Guofeng period after 1976.

Zhang Chunqiao

Prominent Chinese political theorist, writer, and politician.

Prominent Chinese political theorist, writer, and politician.

He was arrested along with the other members of the Gang of Four in October 1976, as part of a conspiracy by Ye Jianying, Li Xiannian and newly anointed party leader Hua Guofeng.

Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party

The leader of the Chinese Communist Party.

The leader of the Chinese Communist Party.

In 1976, Hua Guofeng was named First Vice-chairman of the Central Committee, a post previously held unofficially by Liu Shaoqi from 1956 to 1966; Zhou Enlai from 1973 to 1975; and Deng Xiaoping in 1975 in the capacity of "Vice-Chairman in charge of the day-to-day work of the Central Committee".

Li in 1954

Li Xiannian

Chinese Communist military and political leader, President of the People's Republic of China (de jure head of state) from 1983 to 1988 under Paramount Leader Deng Xiaoping and then Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference from 1988 until his death.

Chinese Communist military and political leader, President of the People's Republic of China (de jure head of state) from 1983 to 1988 under Paramount Leader Deng Xiaoping and then Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference from 1988 until his death.

Li in 1954
Li in the People's Liberation Army during the Civil War (1946)
Li as Vice Premier in August 1974, visiting Nicolae Ceaușescu in Romania
Li with his wife Lin Jiamei and Ronald Reagan (1985)

He supported Mao Zedong's designated successor, Hua Guofeng, and was named Vice Chairman of the Party (1977–1982).

Wang Hongwen

Chinese labour activist and politician who spent most of his career in Shanghai.

Chinese labour activist and politician who spent most of his career in Shanghai.

However, Hua Guofeng, a more moderate figure, was chosen to succeed Zhou instead.

Ye Jianying

Chinese communist revolutionary leader and politician, one of the founding Ten Marshals of the People's Liberation Army.

Chinese communist revolutionary leader and politician, one of the founding Ten Marshals of the People's Liberation Army.

He was the top military leader in the 1976 coup that overthrew the Gang of Four and ended the Cultural Revolution, and was the key supporter of Deng Xiaoping in his power struggle with Hua Guofeng.

Wang Dongxing in 1955, as chief of Mao's personal security force

Wang Dongxing

Chinese military commander and politician, famous for being the chief of Mao Zedong's personal bodyguard force, the 9th Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security (which included the 8341 Special Regiment).

Chinese military commander and politician, famous for being the chief of Mao Zedong's personal bodyguard force, the 9th Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security (which included the 8341 Special Regiment).

Wang Dongxing in 1955, as chief of Mao's personal security force

Wang held many important positions, both in the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the government; he was Deputy Minister of Public Security in 1955–1958 and again in 1960–1970 and notably served as CCP Vice Chairman from 1977 to 1980, under Chairman Hua Guofeng.

In 1992, a market in Xinjiang put up slogans of "Insist reform and opening-up", an alternative rendering of insist Chinese economic reform.

Chinese economic reform

Program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" and "socialist market economy" in the People's Republic of China .

Program of economic reforms termed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" and "socialist market economy" in the People's Republic of China .

In 1992, a market in Xinjiang put up slogans of "Insist reform and opening-up", an alternative rendering of insist Chinese economic reform.
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Hu Yaobang, then General Secretary of CCP, played an important role in implementing the reforms together with Zhao Ziyang, then Premier of China.
Shenzhen, one of the first special economic zones of China and the "Silicon Valley of China". Notable high-tech companies such as Huawei, ZTE and Konka were all founded in Shenzhen in the 1980s.
The slogan "Time is money, Efficiency is life" from Shekou, Shenzhen, representing the "Shenzhen speed".
The Lujiazui financial district of Pudong, Shanghai, the financial and commercial hub of modern China
China's nominal GDP trend from 1952 to 2015. Note the rapid increase since reform in the late 1970s.
Gini-coefficient of national income distribution around the world (dark green: <0.25, red: >0.60)
Production of wheat from 1961 to 2004. Data from FAO, year 2005. Y-axis: Production in metric ton.
Global distribution of Chinese exports in 2006 as a percentage of the top market
Shanghai Stock Exchange
Shenzhen Stock Exchange
Discussion of "China's Next Global Agenda" during the World Economic Forum (2013).
Roberto Azevêdo, Director-General of WTO, met with China's Minister of Commerce Gao Hucheng in Qingdao (2014).
Development trends of Chinese and Indian GDP (1950–2010)
Air pollution has become a major environmental issue in China resulting from the economic development. (The picture shows thick haze in Lujiazui of Shanghai)
Global CO2 gas emissions by country (2015).

In September 1976, Mao Zedong died, and in October, Hua Guofeng together with Ye Jianying and Wang Dongxing arrested the Gang of Four, putting an end to the Cultural Revolution.

Crowds of mourners gathering in Tiananmen Square on April 5, 1976.

1976 Tiananmen Incident

Mass gathering and protest that took place on 4–5 April 1976, at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.

Mass gathering and protest that took place on 4–5 April 1976, at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China.

Crowds of mourners gathering in Tiananmen Square on April 5, 1976.

Party elders such as Hua Guofeng and Wu De, who were not close allies of the Gang of Four, expressed criticism at the protesters and some of their slogans which were critical of the Gang of Four and party leadership.