Peng and Mao in 1953
General of the Army Huang Kecheng giving a speech
From left: Han Zhenji, Liang Xingchu, Huang Kecheng, Zhang Aiping and Wei Guoqing, marking the meeting of the Fifth Column of the Eighth Route Army and the Northern Jiangsu Command of the New Fourth Army in Dongtai, Jiangsu on October 10, 1940.

Zhou Xiaozhou and his successor, Zhou Hui, along with Huang Kecheng and Zhang Wentian, who lent their support to Peng Dehuai in questioning the wisdom of the Great Leap Forward were also branded as traitors, stripped of their positions, and sent to re-education through labour.

- Lushan Conference

In 1959, Huang criticized the "Great Leap Forward" and "People's Communes" and was denounced as a member of an "Anti-Party group" associated with Peng Dehuai when Peng was criticized at the Lushan Conference.

- Huang Kecheng
Peng and Mao in 1953

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Peng Dehuai in his Marshal uniform

Peng Dehuai

Prominent Chinese Communist military leader, who served as China's Defense Minister from 1954 to 1959.

Prominent Chinese Communist military leader, who served as China's Defense Minister from 1954 to 1959.

Peng Dehuai in his Marshal uniform
By his mid-thirties, Peng was one of the most senior generals in the Jiangxi Soviet (1934-1935).
Peng Dehuai commanded the largest communist offensive in the war against Japan.
A statue of Peng now stands on the Chinese border with Korea, on the place that Peng crossed into North Korea in 1950.
In 1953, Peng signed the armistice agreement which ended the Korean War.
After returning to China from the Korean War, Peng became engaged in a rivalry with Mao Zedong over the political future of China (photo: Hou Bo).
Following the Korean War, Peng rose in prominence and is here seen welcoming Kim Il-sung to Beijing in 1955.
During the Great Leap Forward, many farmers were forced to work in primitive backyard furnaces in order to produce poor-quality steel.
Peng Dehuai (1966) was brought to Beijing in chains by Red Guards, where he would be tortured and publicly humiliated for years.

The rivalry between Peng and Mao culminated in an open confrontation between the two at the 1959 Lushan Conference.

Some of Peng's subordinates in the rebellion survived and became important military figures themselves, including generals Huang Kecheng and Peng Shaohui.

8th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party

In session from 1956 to 1969.

In session from 1956 to 1969.

29) 8th Plenary Session

32) *Significance: Also known as "Lushan Conference", a debate on the Great Leap Forward occurred. In the end, Peng Dehuai (who criticized the Leap and the people's commune) was accused of being a counter-revolutionary and removed along with other Party leaders like PLA Chief-of-Staff Huang Kecheng and former General Secretary Zhang Wentian. The plenary meeting followed a central conference started on July 2.