Peng Dehuai in his Marshal uniform
General of the Army Huang Kecheng giving a speech
By his mid-thirties, Peng was one of the most senior generals in the Jiangxi Soviet (1934-1935).
From left: Han Zhenji, Liang Xingchu, Huang Kecheng, Zhang Aiping and Wei Guoqing, marking the meeting of the Fifth Column of the Eighth Route Army and the Northern Jiangsu Command of the New Fourth Army in Dongtai, Jiangsu on October 10, 1940.
Peng Dehuai commanded the largest communist offensive in the war against Japan.
A statue of Peng now stands on the Chinese border with Korea, on the place that Peng crossed into North Korea in 1950.
In 1953, Peng signed the armistice agreement which ended the Korean War.
After returning to China from the Korean War, Peng became engaged in a rivalry with Mao Zedong over the political future of China (photo: Hou Bo).
Following the Korean War, Peng rose in prominence and is here seen welcoming Kim Il-sung to Beijing in 1955.
During the Great Leap Forward, many farmers were forced to work in primitive backyard furnaces in order to produce poor-quality steel.
Peng Dehuai (1966) was brought to Beijing in chains by Red Guards, where he would be tortured and publicly humiliated for years.

In 1929, Huang was serving under Peng Dehuai in a Kuomintang regiment stationed in northern Hunan.

- Huang Kecheng

Some of Peng's subordinates in the rebellion survived and became important military figures themselves, including generals Huang Kecheng and Peng Shaohui.

- Peng Dehuai
Peng Dehuai in his Marshal uniform

4 related topics

Alpha

Peng and Mao in 1953

Lushan Conference

Meeting of the top leaders of the Chinese Communist Party held between July and August 1959.

Meeting of the top leaders of the Chinese Communist Party held between July and August 1959.

Peng and Mao in 1953

The Lushan Conference saw the political purge of the Defence Minister, Marshal Peng Dehuai, whose criticism of some aspects of the Great Leap Forward was seen as an attack on the political line of CCP Chairman Mao Zedong.

Zhou Xiaozhou and his successor, Zhou Hui, along with Huang Kecheng and Zhang Wentian, who lent their support to Peng Dehuai in questioning the wisdom of the Great Leap Forward were also branded as traitors, stripped of their positions, and sent to re-education through labour.

8th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party

In session from 1956 to 1969.

In session from 1956 to 1969.

32) *Significance: Also known as "Lushan Conference", a debate on the Great Leap Forward occurred. In the end, Peng Dehuai (who criticized the Leap and the people's commune) was accused of being a counter-revolutionary and removed along with other Party leaders like PLA Chief-of-Staff Huang Kecheng and former General Secretary Zhang Wentian. The plenary meeting followed a central conference started on July 2.

Fenghuang, a traditional town of Hunan

Hunan

Landlocked province of the People's Republic of China, part of the South Central China region.

Landlocked province of the People's Republic of China, part of the South Central China region.

Fenghuang, a traditional town of Hunan
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Young Mao Zedong statue in Changsha
Ethnic minority-inhabited areas in Hunan
Yongfeng chili sauce
Yiyang Olympic Stadium
Puguang Buddhist Temple in Zhangjiajie.
Temple of Confucius in Liuyang.
An ancestral shrine in the province.

In addition to CCP Chairman Mao Zedong, a number of other first-generation communist leaders were also from Hunan: Chinese President Liu Shaoqi; CCP Secretary-generals Ren Bishi and Hu Yaobang; Marshals Peng Dehuai, He Long, and Luo Ronghuan; Wang Zhen, one of the Eight Elders; Xiang Jingyu, the first female member of the CCP's central committee; Senior General Huang Kecheng; and veteran diplomat Lin Boqu.

Order of Independence and Freedom (First Class Medal)

Order of Independence and Freedom

Military award from the People's Republic of China.

Military award from the People's Republic of China.

Order of Independence and Freedom (First Class Medal)
1st Class
2nd Class
3rd Class

Ten Marshals: Zhu De, Peng Dehuai, Lin Biao, Liu Bocheng, He Long, Chen Yi, Luo Ronghuan, Xu Xiangqian, Nie Rongzhen, Ye Jianying.

Ten Senior Generals: Su Yu, Xu Haidong, Huang Kecheng, Chen Geng, Tan Zheng, Xiao Jinguang, Zhang Yunyi, Luo Ruiqing, Wang Shusheng, Xu Guangda.