Hugh Ferriss

Hugh Ferris
Hugh Macomber Ferriss (July 12, 1889 – January 28, 1962) was an American architect, illustrator, and poet.wikipedia
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Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow

Sky Captain2004 movie
Ferriss also influenced popular culture, for example Gotham City (the setting for Batman) and Kerry Conran's Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow.
Another key influence was Hugh Ferriss, one of the designers for the 1939 World’s Fair who designed bridges and huge housing complexes.

The Metropolis of Tomorrow

These four drawings would later be used in his 1929 book The Metropolis of Tomorrow.
The Metropolis of Tomorrow is a 1929 book written and illustrated by Hugh Ferriss.

1916 Zoning Resolution

first zoning regulationsZoning Resolution of 19161916 Zoning Act
In 1916, New York City had passed landmark zoning laws that regulated and limited the massing of buildings according to a formula.
Architectural delineator Hugh Ferriss popularized these new regulations in 1922 through a series of massing studies, clearly depicting the possible forms and how to maximize building volumes.

Harvey Wiley Corbett

CorbettCorbett, Harvey W.Harvey Corbett
Since many architects were not sure exactly what these laws meant for their designs, in 1922 the skyscraper architect Harvey Wiley Corbett commissioned Ferriss to draw a series of four step-by-step perspectives demonstrating the architectural consequences of the zoning law.
In 1922, Corbett commissioned delineator and architect Hugh Ferriss to draw a series of four step-by-step perspectives demonstrating the architectural consequences of New York's "setback" zoning law.

Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library

Avery Index to Architectural PeriodicalsAvery Architectural & Fine Arts LibraryAvery Library
His archive, including drawings and papers, is held by the Drawings & Archives Department of the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University.

Hugh Ferriss Memorial Prize

Every year, the American Society of Architectural Illustrators gives out the Hugh Ferriss Memorial Prize for architectural rendering excellence.
Named in honor of American architect Hugh Ferriss, the medal features Ferriss’s original "Forth Stage" drawing, executed in bronze.

Gotham City

GothamCrime AlleyGotham Academy
Ferriss also influenced popular culture, for example Gotham City (the setting for Batman) and Kerry Conran's Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow.

Batman

Bruce WayneBruce Wayne / BatmanBruce Wayne/Batman
Ferriss also influenced popular culture, for example Gotham City (the setting for Batman) and Kerry Conran's Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow.

Kerry Conran

Ferriss also influenced popular culture, for example Gotham City (the setting for Batman) and Kerry Conran's Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow.

St. Louis

St. Louis, MissouriSt. Louis, MOSaint Louis, Missouri
Hugh Ferriss was born in 1889 and trained as an architect at Washington University in his native St. Louis, Missouri.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
In 1912, Ferriss arrived in New York City and was soon employed as a delineator for Cass Gilbert.

Cass Gilbert

In 1912, Ferriss arrived in New York City and was soon employed as a delineator for Cass Gilbert.

Woolworth Building

WoolworthWoolworth Building, First Floor InteriorWoolworth tower
Some of his earliest drawings are of Gilbert’s Woolworth Building; they reveal that Ferriss’s illustrations had not yet developed his signature dark, moody appearance.

Vanity Fair (magazine)

Vanity FairVanity Fair magazineVanity Fair'' magazine
In 1914, Ferriss married Dorothy Lapham, an editor and artist for Vanity Fair. His drawings were being regularly featured by such diverse publications as the Century Magazine, the Christian Science Monitor, Harper's Magazine, and Vanity Fair.

Soft focus

soft-focusSoft-focus lenssoft focus lenses
By 1920, Ferriss had begun to develop his own style, frequently presenting the building at night, lit up by spotlights, or in a fog, as if photographed with a soft focus.

The Century Magazine

Century MagazineCenturyThe Century
His drawings were being regularly featured by such diverse publications as the Century Magazine, the Christian Science Monitor, Harper's Magazine, and Vanity Fair.

The Christian Science Monitor

Christian Science MonitorCSMCS Monitor
His drawings were being regularly featured by such diverse publications as the Century Magazine, the Christian Science Monitor, Harper's Magazine, and Vanity Fair.

Harper's Magazine

HarperHarper's MonthlyHarper's New Monthly Magazine
His drawings were being regularly featured by such diverse publications as the Century Magazine, the Christian Science Monitor, Harper's Magazine, and Vanity Fair.

National Academy of Design

National Academy Museum and SchoolNational AcademyNational Academy Museum
In 1955, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member, and became a full Academician in 1960.

Columbia University

ColumbiaColumbia CollegeUniversity of Columbia
His archive, including drawings and papers, is held by the Drawings & Archives Department of the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University.

American Society of Architectural Illustrators

Architecture in Perspective
Every year, the American Society of Architectural Illustrators gives out the Hugh Ferriss Memorial Prize for architectural rendering excellence.

SmithGroup

Smith, Hinchman & GryllsSmith Hinchman & GryllsSmith, Hinchman and Grylls