Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup

human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroupsY-DNAY-chromosome DNA haplogroupY-chromosome haplogroupY-DNA haplogroupsY-DNA haplogroupY-chromosome DNAY-chromosomehaplogroupshuman Y-chromosome haplogroup
In human genetics, a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by mutations in the non-recombining portions of DNA from the Y chromosome (called Y-DNA).wikipedia
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Haplogroup A (Y-DNA)

AHaplogroup Ahaplogroup A00
Haplogroup A also known as A-V148 and A-CTS2809/L991 is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Haplogroup B-M60

BB-M60Haplogroup B
Haplogroup B (B-M60) is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup common to paternal lineages in Africa.

Haplogroup CT

CTM168Eurasian Adam
Haplogroup CT is a human Y chromosome haplogroup, defining one of the major paternal lineages of humanity.

Haplogroup A-P305

A1aA-P305A1
Haplogroup A-P305 also known as A1 is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Y-chromosomal Adam

Homo Y-MRCAPatrilinealScientific Adam
The Y-chromosomal most recent common ancestor (Y-MRCA, informally known as Y-chromosomal Adam) is the most recent common ancestor (MRCA) from whom all currently living men are descended patrilineally.
In 2013, the discovery of a previously unknown Y-chromosomal haplogroup was announced,

Haplogroup BT

BTHaplogroup B-M42Y chromosome haplogroup BT
Haplogroup BT M91, also known as Haplogroup A1b2 (and formerly as A4, BR and BCDEF), is a Y-chromosome haplogroup.

Haplogroup C-M217

C2C-M217C
Haplogroup C-M217, also known as C2 (and previously as C3), is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Haplogroup D-CTS3946

DHaplogroup DHaplogroup D (Y-DNA)
Haplogroup D or D-CTS3946 is a Y-chromosome haplogroup.

Haplogroup E-M96

EHaplogroup EE-P29
Haplogroup E-M96 is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Family Tree DNA

FamilyTreeDNAFTDNAFamilyTree DNA
In September 2012, Family Tree DNA provided the following explanation of its changing Y-DNA haplogroup nomenclature to individual customers on their Y-DNA results pages (note that the haplogroup mentioned below relates to a specific individual):
The company markets a range of Y-DNA tests.

Haplogroup E-M132

E-M33Haplogroup E1aE1a
Haplogroup E-M132, formerly known as E-M33 (E1a), is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Haplogroup E-M2

E-M2E1b1a1-M2Haplogroup E1b1a1
Haplogroup E-M2 is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Haplogroup E-P2

E-P2E*E1b1(xE1b1a1,E1b1b1b1)
E-P2, also known as E1b1, is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Haplogroup E-P147

E-P147E1Haplogroup E1
In human genetics, Haplogroup E-P147 is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Haplogroup E-M75

E-M75E2E2-M90
Haplogroup E-M75 is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Population bottleneck

genetic bottleneckbottleneckbottlenecks
By examining other bottlenecks most Eurasian men are descended from a man who lived 69,000 years ago.
The hypothesis was based on geological evidence of sudden climate change and on coalescence evidence of some genes (including mitochondrial DNA, Y-chromosome DNA and some nuclear genes) and the relatively low level of genetic variation in humans.

Haplogroup GHIJK

GHIJK
In such cases, however, the possibility of misidentification is considered to be relatively high and some may belong to misidentified subclades of Haplogroup GHIJK.
Haplogroup GHIJK, defined by the SNPs M3658, F1329, PF2622, and YSC0001299, is a common Y-chromosome haplogroup.

Haplogroup G-M377

Haplogroup G2c (Y-DNA)G2bG2c
Haplogroup G2b-M377 is a Y-chromosome haplogroup and is defined by the presence of the M377 mutation.

Haplogroup L-M20

Lhaplogroup LL-M20
Haplogroup L (M20) is found in South Asia, Central Asia, South-West Asia, and the Mediterranean.
Haplogroup L-M20 is a human Y-DNA haplogroup, which is defined by SNPs M11, M20, M61 and M185.

Haplogroup T-M184

THaplogroup TT-M184
Haplogroup T (M184, M70, M193, M272) is found at high levels in the Horn of Africa (mainly Cushitic-speaking peoples), parts of South Asia, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean.
Haplogroup T-M184, also known as Haplogroup T is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Y chromosome

Y-chromosomeY-DNAY
In human genetics, a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by mutations in the non-recombining portions of DNA from the Y chromosome (called Y-DNA).

Haplogroup O-M119

O-M119Haplogroup O1 (Y-DNA)Haplogroup O1a
In human genetics, Haplogroup O-M119 is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Haplogroup O-K18

O-M95Haplogroup O-M95Haplogroup O1b1
Haplogroup O-K18 also known as O-F2320 and (as of 2017) Haplogroup O1b1, is a human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup.

Khoisan

CapoidKhoi-SanCapoid race
Various Y-chromosome studies since confirmed that the Khoisan carry some of the most divergent (oldest) Y-chromosome haplogroups.

Y Chromosome Consortium

YCCY-Chromosome Consortium
The Y Chromosome Consortium (YCC) developed a system of naming major Y-DNA haplogroups with the capital letters A through T, with further subclades named using numbers and lower case letters (YCC longhand nomenclature).