Human height

heightgrowth spurtstaturebody heighttall staturetalltallestaverage heightfinal heighta man's height
Human height or stature is the distance from the bottom of the feet to the top of the head in a human body, standing erect.wikipedia
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Haplogroup I-M170

IHaplogroup II-M170
A particular genetic profile in men called Y haplotype I-M170 is correlated with height.
It may be associated with unusually tall males, since those in the Dinaric Alps have been reported to be the tallest in the world, with an average male height of the range 180 cm-182 cm in the cantons of Bosnia, 184 cm in Sarajevo, 182 cm-186 cm in the cantons of Herzegovina.

Gigantism

giantpituitary gigantismgiantism
Exceptional height variation (around 20% deviation from average) within such a population is sometimes due to gigantism or dwarfism, which are medical conditions caused by specific genes or endocrine abnormalities.
Gigantism, also known as giantism (from Greek γίγας, gígas, "giant", plural γίγαντες, gígantes), is a condition characterized by excessive growth and height significantly above average.

Stunted growth

stuntingstuntedchildhood stunting
Malnutrition including chronic undernutrition and acute malnutrition is known to have caused stunted growth in various populations.
Stunted growth, also known as stunting and nutritional stunting, is a reduced growth rate in human development.

Stadiometer

It is measured using a stadiometer, usually in centimetres when using the metric system, or feet and inches when using the imperial system.
A stadiometer is a piece of medical equipment used for measuring human height.

Twin study

twin studiestwinstudies of twins
Differences in human height is 60–80% heritable, according to several twin studies and has been considered polygenic since the Mendelian-biometrician debate a hundred years ago.
Modern twin studies have concluded that almost all traits are in part influenced by genetic differences, with some characteristics showing a stronger influence (e.g. height), others an intermediate level (e.g. personality traits) and some more complex heritabilities, with evidence for different genes affecting different aspects of the trait – as in the case of autism.

Short stature

Shortshort final statureshort height
Short stature and tall stature are usually not a health concern.
Short stature refers to a height of a human being which is below typical.

Adolescence

teenageradolescentteenage
Both hormones operate on most tissues of the body, have many other functions, and continue to be secreted throughout life; with peak levels coinciding with peak growth velocity, and gradually subsiding with age after adolescence.
The adolescent growth spurt is a rapid increase in the individual's height and weight during puberty resulting from the simultaneous release of growth hormones, thyroid hormones, and androgens.

Auxology

auxologicalauxanologyauxological epidemiology
The study of height is known as auxology.
Human height

Dwarfism

dwarflittle persondwarfs
Exceptional height variation (around 20% deviation from average) within such a population is sometimes due to gigantism or dwarfism, which are medical conditions caused by specific genes or endocrine abnormalities.
Human height

Correlation and dependence

correlationcorrelatedcorrelate
A particular genetic profile in men called Y haplotype I-M170 is correlated with height.
Familiar examples of dependent phenomena include the correlation between the physical statures of parents and their offspring, and the correlation between the demand for a limited supply product and its price.

Zeng Jinlian

The tallest woman in medical history was Zeng Jinlian of Hunan, China, who stood 248cm when she died at the age of 17. The shortest adult human on record was Chandra Bahadur Dangi of Nepal at 54.6cm.
Zeng Jinlian (June 26, 1964 – February 13, 1982) was the tallest modernly verified female person, taking over Jane Bunford's record.

John Komlos

According to a study by economist John Komlos and Francesco Cinnirella, in the first half of the 18th century, the average height of an English male was 165 cm (5 ft 5 in), and the average height of an Irish male was 168 cm (5 ft 6 in).
In the 1980s, Komlos was instrumental in the emergence of anthropometric history, the study of the effect of economic development on human biological outcomes such as physical stature.

Human physical appearance

appearancephysical appearancefigure
Human physical appearance
Height, body weight, skin tone, body hair, sexual organs, moles, birthmarks, freckles, hair color, hair texture, eye color, eye shape (see epicanthic fold), nose shape (see nasal bridge), ears shape (see earlobes), body shape

Anthropometry

anthropometricanthropometricshuman measurements
Anthropometry, the measurement of the human individual
Human height varies greatly between individuals and across populations for a variety of complex biological, genetic, and environmental factors, among others.

Human variability

anatomical variationanatomic variationvariability
Human variability
Common measurements include height, weight, organ size (brain, stomach, penis, vagina), and other bodily metrics such as waist-hip ratio.

Human body

bodyhuman anatomyhuman physiology
Human height or stature is the distance from the bottom of the feet to the top of the head in a human body, standing erect.

Metric system

metricmetric unitsmetric unit
It is measured using a stadiometer, usually in centimetres when using the metric system, or feet and inches when using the imperial system.

Imperial units

imperialimperial systemimperial unit
It is measured using a stadiometer, usually in centimetres when using the metric system, or feet and inches when using the imperial system.

Chronic venous insufficiency

venous insufficiencyvenous hypertensionChronic peripheral venous insufficiency
Short stature decreases the risk of venous insufficiency.

Gene

genesnumber of genesgene sequence
Exceptional height variation (around 20% deviation from average) within such a population is sometimes due to gigantism or dwarfism, which are medical conditions caused by specific genes or endocrine abnormalities.

Endocrine system

endocrineendocrine organendocrinological
Exceptional height variation (around 20% deviation from average) within such a population is sometimes due to gigantism or dwarfism, which are medical conditions caused by specific genes or endocrine abnormalities.

Health

human healthwellnessphysical health
Growth has long been recognized as a measure of the health of individuals, hence part of the reasoning for the use of growth charts.

Standard of living

living standardsstandards of livingliving standard
Average height is relevant to the measurement of the health and wellness (standard of living and quality of life) of populations.