Human trafficking in the United States

human traffickingUnited Statestrafficked into the United StatesTraffickinghuman traffickershuman trafficking in the UShuman trafficking sweephuman trafficking within the United Statesimporting aliens for prostitutionMalinda's Traveling Sales Crew Protection Act
Human trafficking is a modern form of slavery, with illegal smuggling and trading of people (including minors), for forced labor or sexual exploitation.wikipedia
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Polaris Project

National Human Trafficking Resource CenterPolaris
In 2014, the National Human Trafficking Resource Center reported 990 cases of forced labor trafficking in the US, including 172 which also involved sex trafficking.
From that work, the organization has built out one of the largest data sets on human trafficking in the United States.

Southwestern Advantage

Southwestern Company
Southwestern Advantage lobbied against the bill, arguing that their independent contractor business model nurtured the entrepreneurial spirit.
In 2007, Southwestern Advantage lobbied against the [[Human trafficking in the United States#Malinda.E2.80.99s Traveling Sales Crew Protection Act|Malinda's Traveling Sales Crew Protection Act]], an anti-traveling sales crew bill intended to stop companies from putting their workers in dangerous and unfair conditions.

Slavery in the United States

slaveryslavesslave
Human trafficking is a modern form of slavery, with illegal smuggling and trading of people (including minors), for forced labor or sexual exploitation.

Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000

Trafficking Victims Protection ActVictims of Trafficking and Violence Protection ActTrafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000
Tier 1 means that the government is in compliance with the U.S. government's minimum standards of the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 to eliminate trafficking.

Trafficking in Persons Report

Tier 2Tier 1Tier 2 Watchlist
U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in "Tier 1" in 2017.

Sexual slavery

sexual exploitationsex slavewhite slavery
A number of authorities and critics of contemporary anti-prostitution activism have pointed out that the hysteria over human trafficking as conflated with voluntary adult prostitution has all the hallmarks of a moral panic, and indeed closely resembles the white slavery hysteria at the beginning of the 20th century.
The San Francisco Chronicle reported in 2006 that in the 21st century, women, mostly from South America, Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, are trafficked into the United States for the purposes of sexual slavery.

Stop Exploitation Through Trafficking Act of 2013

Stop Exploitation Through Trafficking Act of 2013 (H.R. 3610; 113th Congress)
The federal Stop Exploitation Through Trafficking Act of 2013 is a law that encourages states to pass safe harbor laws.

Contemporary slavery in the United States

Contemporary Slavery in America
Human trafficking in the United States can be divided into the two major categories of labor and sex trafficking, with sex trafficking accounting for a majority of cases.

Toledo, Ohio

ToledoToledo, OHcity of Toledo
Toledo is the fourth largest recruitment site for human trafficking in the US.
According to a state government task force, Toledo has been identified as the fourth-largest recruitment site for human trafficking in the US.

California's Forgotten Children

On June 26, 2019, the film screened at the United States Senate to educate policy makers implementing laws to combat human trafficking.

Massage parlor

massage parlourmassage parlorsmassage parlours
Sex trafficking that occurs in Houston is not limited to taking place in strip clubs, spas, massage parlors, modeling studios, cantinas, and residential brothels in hotels, motels, apartments and houses.
The penalty for breaking the law in these instances can be as high as life imprisonment in some cases, especially those that involve human trafficking.

Human trafficking

traffickingtrafficking in personstrafficked
Human trafficking is not synonymous with forced migration or smuggling.

Immigration to the United States

immigrationimmigrantsimmigrant
In the United States, human trafficking tends to occur around international travel-hubs with large immigrant populations, notably California, Texas and Georgia.

Title 18 of the United States Code

Title 1818 U.S.C.18 U.S.C.: Crimes and Criminal Procedure
Under federal law (18 USC § 1589), it is a crime to make people work by use of force, coercion or fear.

Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

Tier 2 Watch ListMonitor and Combat Trafficking in PersonsNan Kennelly
U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in "Tier 1" in 2017.

Donald Trump

TrumpPresident TrumpPresident Donald Trump
On April 11, 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump signed the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act into law, which is aimed at closing websites that enable the crime to occur, and prosecuting their owners and users.

Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act

Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Sex Trafficking ActSestaFight Online Sex Trafficking Act
On April 11, 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump signed the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act into law, which is aimed at closing websites that enable the crime to occur, and prosecuting their owners and users.

Free the Slaves

Research conducted by University of California at Berkeley on behalf of the anti-trafficking organization Free the Slaves found that about 46% of people in slavery in the United States are forced into prostitution.

United States Department of Health and Human Services

Department of Health and Human ServicesU.S. Department of Health and Human ServicesHealth and Human Services
The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services estimated that between 240,000 and 325,000 children are at risk for sexual exploitation each year.

Runaway (dependent)

runawayrunawaysrun away
Children who are considered runaways are at particular risk of prostitution or of being trafficked into the sex industry.

David Finkelhor

Finkelhor
David Finkelhor, a University of New Hampshire professor who is director of the Crimes Against Children Research Center, said "I wouldn't put any stock in these figures as indicators of what is going on today".

University of New Hampshire

New HampshireUNHNew Hampshire University
David Finkelhor, a University of New Hampshire professor who is director of the Crimes Against Children Research Center, said "I wouldn't put any stock in these figures as indicators of what is going on today".

United States Department of State

State DepartmentU.S. State DepartmentDepartment of State
According to the Department of State, the U.S. was identified as a Tier 1 country with unspecified federal agencies charging 181 individuals with trafficking other humans and obtaining 141 convictions in 103 human trafficking prosecutions.