Humbaracı

Artillery CorpsHumbaracı Barracks
Humbaracı corps were bombardier and mortar troops of the Ottoman army.wikipedia
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Military of the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman ArmyOttoman militaryOttoman
Humbaracı corps were bombardier and mortar troops of the Ottoman army.
Following that, other troop types began to appear, such as the regular musketeers (Piyade Topçu, literally "foot artillery"); regular cavalry armed with firearms (Süvari Topçu Neferi, literally "mounted artillery soldier"), similar to the later European reiter or carabinier; and bombardiers (Humbaracı), consisting of grenadiers who threw explosives called khımbara and the soldiers who served the artillery with maintenance and powder supplies.

Imperial School of Military Engineering

Mühendishane-i Berri-i HumayunMühendishâne-i Berrî-i HümâyunMühendishâne-i Berrî-i Hümâyûn
On 1795, the garrison was expanded to include the Imperial School of Military Engineering.
The location was chosen its Hasköy due to its remoteness at the time to prevent students, along with humbaracıs and lağımcıs that were to be located adjacent to the school from coming into contact with the Janissaries in Constantinople.

Claude Alexandre de Bonneval

Claude-Alexandre de BonnevalAhmed PashaGeneral Bonneval
On 1729, Claude Alexandre de Bonneval established a humbara school and reorganized all humbaracı soldiers in a corps-level military formation, founding the Humbaracı Corps.

Artillery

heavy artilleryordnanceartillery piece
Humbaracı corps were bombardier and mortar troops of the Ottoman army. In the 16th century, Mustafa, an artillery officer in the Ottoman army established a workshop to cast humbaras in order to give the fire power of the artillery to the mobilized infantry groups.

Mortar (weapon)

mortarmortarsspigot mortar
Humbaracı corps were bombardier and mortar troops of the Ottoman army.

Persian language

PersianNew PersianFarsi
Humbara (also pronounced kumbara) was derived from the Persian word hum-i pare (metal bowl or casing to store money).

Ottoman Turkish language

Ottoman TurkishTurkishOttoman
Due to the similarity of the shape of the projectiles, in Ottoman Turkish, it was used to name the bombshells cast from iron or bronze.

Shell (projectile)

shellshellsartillery shell
Due to the similarity of the shape of the projectiles, in Ottoman Turkish, it was used to name the bombshells cast from iron or bronze.

Infantry

infantry regimentinfantrymanP.
In the 16th century, Mustafa, an artillery officer in the Ottoman army established a workshop to cast humbaras in order to give the fire power of the artillery to the mobilized infantry groups.

Asakir-i Mansure-i Muhammediye

Mansure Army
On 1826, during the Asakir-i Mansure-i Muhammediye movement to modernize the Ottoman Army, corps were dissolved.

Hasköy, Beyoğlu

HasköyHasköy, IstanbulAgia Paraskevi
Humbaracı Kışlası or Kumbarahane ("Humbaracı Garrison") was located in the Hasköy district of the Istanbul, on the coast of Haliç.

Istanbul

İstanbulConstantinopleIstanbul, Turkey
Humbaracı Kışlası or Kumbarahane ("Humbaracı Garrison") was located in the Hasköy district of the Istanbul, on the coast of Haliç.

Golden Horn

Haliç HaliçAlibeyköy Creek
Humbaracı Kışlası or Kumbarahane ("Humbaracı Garrison") was located in the Hasköy district of the Istanbul, on the coast of Haliç.

Sapper

sappersPontonierengineers
Garrison was also home, corresponds to sapper in modern armies.

Şemsipaşa Primary School

Şemsi Pasha Primary School
The progenitor of Şemsipaşa Primary School was the Humbaracı Barracks, opened in 1731.

Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha

During his first term (12 March 1732 – 12 August 1735), he tried to reform the army by establishing a new artillery corps named Humbaracı (Howitzer).

Ottoman army in the 15th–19th centuries

Ottoman ArmyOttoman Classical Armyclassical period
The Humbaracı Ocağı (Bombardiers) were in charge of manufacturing, transporting, and using cannons (humbara).

Amcazade Köprülü Hüseyin Pasha

Hüseyin KöprülüAmcazade HüseyinAmcazade Hüseyin Pasha
The Janissaries, who had reached 70.000 men before Treaty of Karlowitz, of which only 10.000 were actually combatants, were reduced to 34,000 combatants; while the Artillery Corps was reduced from 6,000 to 1,250.

Topal Osman Pasha

Osman PashaTopal Pasha
He also encouraged the efforts of the French army officer Claude Alexandre de Bonneval in reforming the humbaracı artillery corps after Western models.