Hungarian language

HungarianMagyarHungarian-languagehuHungarian-speakingHun:Hungarian:hunHungaryMagyar language
Hungarian is a Uralic language of the Ugric branch spoken in Hungary and parts of several neighbouring countries.wikipedia
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Hungary

HungarianHUNRepublic of Hungary
Hungarian is a Uralic language of the Ugric branch spoken in Hungary and parts of several neighbouring countries.
The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken Uralic language in the world, and among the few non-Indo-European languages to be widely spoken in Europe.

Transylvania

TransylvanianTransilvaniaSiebenbürgen
Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine (Subcarpathia), central and western Romania (Transylvania), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia and northern Slovenia (Mur region).
In Romanian, the region is known as Ardeal or Transilvania ; in Hungarian as Erdély ; in German as Siebenbürgen ; and in Turkish as Transilvanya but historically as Erdel or Erdelistan; see also other denominations.

Uralic languages

UralicUralic languageUralic language family
Hungarian is a Uralic language of the Ugric branch spoken in Hungary and parts of several neighbouring countries.
The Uralic languages with the most native speakers are Hungarian, Finnish, and Estonian, which are official languages in Hungary, Finland, and Estonia, respectively.

Vojvodina

Autonomous Province of VojvodinaVoivodinaAP Vojvodina
Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine (Subcarpathia), central and western Romania (Transylvania), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia and northern Slovenia (Mur region).

Ugric languages

UgricProto-UgricUgric branch
Hungarian is a Uralic language of the Ugric branch spoken in Hungary and parts of several neighbouring countries. Hungarian has traditionally been assigned to the Ugric branch within the Finno-Ugric group, along with the Mansi and Khanty languages of western Siberia (Khanty–Mansia region), but it is no longer clear that it is a valid group.
Ugric includes three subgroups: Hungarian, Khanty, and Mansi.

Mansi language

MansiSouthern MansiCentral Mansi
Hungarian has traditionally been assigned to the Ugric branch within the Finno-Ugric group, along with the Mansi and Khanty languages of western Siberia (Khanty–Mansia region), but it is no longer clear that it is a valid group.
Traditionally considered a single language, they constitute a branch of the Uralic languages, often considered most closely related to the neighboring Khanty languages and then to Hungarian, though that hypothesis has since come under doubt.

Prekmurje

HungarianMuravidékeastern Slovenia
Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine (Subcarpathia), central and western Romania (Transylvania), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia and northern Slovenia (Mur region).
In Hungarian, the region is known as Muravidék, and in German as Übermurgebiet.

Komondor

Turkish kopuz ‘lute’); komondor "mop dog" (< *kumandur < Cuman).
The Komondor (in Hungarian, the plural form of komondor is komondorok ), also known as the Hungarian sheepdog, is a large, white-coloured Hungarian breed of livestock guardian dog with a long, corded coat.

Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug

Khanty–Mansi Autonomous OkrugKhanty-MansiKhanty–Mansi
Hungarian has traditionally been assigned to the Ugric branch within the Finno-Ugric group, along with the Mansi and Khanty languages of western Siberia (Khanty–Mansia region), but it is no longer clear that it is a valid group.
The local languages, Khanty language and Mansi language, enjoy special status in the autonomous okrug and along with their distant relative Hungarian are part of the Ugric branch of the Finno-Ugric languages.

Croatia

Republic of CroatiaCroatianCRO
Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine (Subcarpathia), central and western Romania (Transylvania), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia and northern Slovenia (Mur region).
Its primary focus was the establishment of a standard language as a counterweight to Hungarian, along with the promotion of Croatian literature and culture.

Cumans

CumanCuman peoplePolovtsy
Turkic loans from this period come mainly from the Pechenegs and Cumanians, who settled in Hungary during the 12th and 13th centuries: e.g. koboz "cobza" (cf.
The Hungarian term for the Cumans is Kun (also Qoun; Kunok), which in Old Hungarian meant "nomad", but was later applied solely to the Cumans.

Old Hungarian script

Old Hungarian alphabetOld Hungarianrunic-like script
No significant texts written in Old Hungarian script have survived, as wood, the medium of writing in use at the time, was perishable.
The Old Hungarian script (Székely-magyar rovás, 'székely-magyar runiform', or rovásírás) is an alphabetic writing system used for writing the Hungarian language.

Serbia

SRBRepublic of SerbiaSerbian
Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine (Subcarpathia), central and western Romania (Transylvania), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia and northern Slovenia (Mur region).
Recognised minority languages are: Hungarian, Bosnian, Slovak, Croatian, Albanian, Romanian, Bulgarian and Rusyn.

Hungarian literature

HungarianliteratureHungary
A more extensive body of Hungarian literature arose after 1300.
Hungarian literature is the body of written works primarily produced in Hungarian, and may also include works written in other languages (mostly Latin), either produced by Hungarians or having topics which are closely related to Hungarian culture.

Establishing charter of the abbey of Tihany

deed of the foundationTihany Abbey's founding letterCharter of the Tihany Benedictine Abbey
The earliest remaining fragments of the language are found in the establishing charter of the abbey of Tihany from 1055, intermingled with Latin text.
The establishing charter of the abbey of Tihany is a document known for including the oldest written words in the Hungarian language.

Ferenc Kazinczy

KazinczyKazinczy FerencKazinczy, Ferenc
In the 18th century a group of writers, most notably Ferenc Kazinczy, spearheaded a process of nyelvújítás (language revitalization).
Ferenc Kazinczy (in older English: Francis Kazinczy, October 27, 1759 – August 23, 1831) was a Hungarian author, poet, translator, neologist, the most indefatigable agent in the regeneration of the Hungarian language and literature at the turn of the 19th century.

Kingdom of Hungary

HungaryHungarianHungarian Kingdom
The Kingdom of Hungary was founded in 1000 by Stephen I.
The Hungarian name (Magyar Királyság) was used in the 1840s, and then again from the 1860s to 1946.

Slovenia

SloveneSlovenianRepublic of Slovenia
Outside Hungary it is also spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine (Subcarpathia), central and western Romania (Transylvania), northern Serbia (Vojvodina), northern Croatia and northern Slovenia (Mur region). Today the language holds official status nationally in Hungary and regionally in Romania, Slovakia, Serbia, Austria and Slovenia.
Hungarian and Italian, spoken by the respective minorities, enjoy the status of official languages in the ethnically mixed regions along the Hungarian and Italian borders, to the extent that even the passports issued in those areas are bilingual.

Hungarians in Romania

Hungariansethnic HungarianHungarian
Today the language holds official status nationally in Hungary and regionally in Romania, Slovakia, Serbia, Austria and Slovenia.
The Hungarian minority of Romania (Hungarian: romániai magyarok, Romanian: maghiarii din România) is the largest ethnic minority in Romania, consisting of 1,227,623 people and making up 6.1% of the total population, according to the 2011 census.

Pseudoscientific language comparison

pseudoscientific comparisonsfringe theorypseudolinguistics
Mainstream linguists dismiss these attempts as pseudoscientific comparisons with no merit.
These include languages of ancient civilizations such as Egyptian, Etruscan or Sumerian; language isolates or near-isolates such as Basque, Japanese and Ainu; and languages that are unrelated to their geographical neighbors such as Hungarian.

Vowel harmony

harmonizeharmonysynharmonism
There were also changes in the system of vowel harmony.
This is fairly common among languages with vowel harmony and may be seen in the Hungarian dative suffix:

Hungarians in Slovakia

HungariansHungarianHungarian ethnicity
Today the language holds official status nationally in Hungary and regionally in Romania, Slovakia, Serbia, Austria and Slovenia.
According to the 2011 Slovak census, 458,467 people (or 8.5% of the population) declared themselves Hungarians, while 508,714 (9.4% of the population) stated that Hungarian was their mother tongue.

Hungarians in Serbia

HungariansHungarianHungarians in Vojvodina
Today the language holds official status nationally in Hungary and regionally in Romania, Slovakia, Serbia, Austria and Slovenia.
Hungarian is listed as one of the six official languages of Vojvodina, an autonomous province which traditionally fosters multilingualism, multiculturalism and multiconfessionalism.

Hungarian Americans

Hungarian-AmericanHungarian AmericanHungarian
It is also spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide, especially in North America (particularly the United States and Canada) and Israel.
Hungarian Americans (Hungarian: amerikai magyarok) are Americans of Hungarian descent.

Romanian language

RomanianRomanian-languageDaco-Romanian
About 1.6 percent of the Romanian lexicon is of Hungarian origin.
The Statute of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina determines that, together with the Serbian language and the Cyrillic script, and the Latin script as stipulated by the law, the Croat, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian and Rusyn languages and their scripts, as well as languages and scripts of other nationalities, shall simultaneously be officially used in the work of the bodies of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, in the manner established by the law.