Hurricane Hattie

Hattie1961 hurricaneanother major hurricane in 1961Belize 1961Hattie, 1961
Hurricane Hattie was the strongest and deadliest tropical cyclone of the 1961 Atlantic hurricane season, reaching a peak intensity as a Category5 hurricane.wikipedia
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1961 Atlantic hurricane season

19611961 seasontropical storm
Hurricane Hattie was the strongest and deadliest tropical cyclone of the 1961 Atlantic hurricane season, reaching a peak intensity as a Category5 hurricane.
Another significant storm was Hurricane Hattie, a late-season Category 5 hurricane that struck Belize.

Belize City

Belize City, BelizeBelize TownBelize
It weakened to Category4 before making landfall south of Belize City on October 31.
The city was almost entirely destroyed in 1961 when Hurricane Hattie swept ashore on October 31.

Belmopan

Belmopan, BelizeBelmopan, Cayo DistrictCapital of Belize
The destruction was so severe that it prompted the government to relocate inland to a new city, Belmopan.
Belmopan was constructed just to the east of the Belize River, 80 km inland from the former capital, the port of Belize City, after that city's near destruction by Hurricane Hattie in 1961.

Belize

British HondurasBelizeanBelizian
The country of Belize, at the time known as British Honduras, sustained the worst damage from the hurricane.
Only six years later, Hurricane Hattie struck the central coastal area of the country, with winds in excess of 300 km/h and 4 m storm tide s. The devastation of Belize City for the second time in thirty years prompted the relocation of the capital some 80 km inland to the planned city of Belmopan.

List of Category 5 Atlantic hurricanes

Category 5Category 5 hurricaneCategory 5 Atlantic hurricane
Hurricane Hattie was the strongest and deadliest tropical cyclone of the 1961 Atlantic hurricane season, reaching a peak intensity as a Category5 hurricane.
For example, a "giant hurricane" significantly more powerful than Hurricane Hattie (Category 5) has been identified in Belizean sediment, having struck the region sometime before 1500.

1961 Pacific hurricane season

1961Tropical Storm SimoneEastern Pacific
During its dissipation, Tropical Storm Simone was developing off the Pacific coast of Guatemala.
The system originated from the remnants of Atlantic Hurricane Hattie, crossing into the basin on November 1; on the same day, the system was named Simone.

Hurricane Mitch

MitchMitch 1998hurricanes
Additionally, Hattie was the strongest October hurricane in the northwest Caribbean until Hurricane Mitch in 1998.
Because the hurricane threatened to strike near Belize City as a Category 4 hurricane, much of the city was evacuated in fear of a repeat of Hurricane Hattie 37 years earlier.

1931 British Honduras hurricane

1931 Belize hurricane1931 hurricaneBelize
Although damage was heavier in Hattie than a hurricane in 1931 that killed 2,000 people, the death toll from Hattie was less due to advance warnings.
However, the process of moving the capital did not begin until 1961, after Belize City was devastated by Hurricane Hattie.

List of wettest tropical cyclones by country

List of wettest tropical cyclones in Cuba since 1963List of wettest known tropical cyclones in Australiafourth-wettest known storm
Equally heavy rains could have fallen during Hurricane Hattie of 1961 and Hurricane Fifi of 1974.

Hattieville

The site was named Hattieville and became a proper city, with utilities installed in the subsequent decade.
Hattieville was established as a refugee camp after Hurricane Hattie made many people homeless in Belize City when it hit in 1961, but it became a permanent town.

Government House, Belize

Government HouseGovernment House of British HondurasHouse of Culture
Hattie also flooded the Government House, washing away all records.
After the rest of the government moved to Belmopan in the wake of Hurricane Hattie (1961), the house later became a venue for social functions and a guest house for visiting VIPs.

List of retired Atlantic hurricane names

retiredList of retired Atlantic hurricaneshave their names retired from the list
Due to the destruction and loss of life attributed to the hurricane, the name Hattie was retired by the World Meteorological Organization and will never again be used for an Atlantic hurricane.

USS Antietam (CV-36)

USS ''AntietamUSS AntietamAntietam
The USS Antietam remained at port for weeks after the storm with six medical officers and six Marine helicopters.
The second came just over a month later when she carried medical supplies, doctors, nurses, and other medical personnel to British Honduras to help the victims of Hurricane Hattie.

Tropical cyclone

hurricanetropical stormhurricanes
Hurricane Hattie was the strongest and deadliest tropical cyclone of the 1961 Atlantic hurricane season, reaching a peak intensity as a Category5 hurricane.

Low-pressure area

area of low pressurelow pressure arealow pressure
The ninth tropical storm and seventh hurricane and major hurricane of the season, Hattie originated from an area of low pressure that strengthened into a tropical storm over the southwestern Caribbean Sea on October 27. For several days toward the end of October 1961, a low-pressure area persisted in the western Caribbean Sea, north of the Panama Canal Zone.

Jamaica

JAMJamaicanJamaica, West Indies
Hattie then turned westward west of Jamaica and strengthened into a Category5 hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 165 mph.

Maximum sustained wind

maximum sustained windssustained windssustained wind speeds
Hattie then turned westward west of Jamaica and strengthened into a Category5 hurricane, with maximum sustained winds of 165 mph.

Landfall

landfallslandfallingstruck
It weakened to Category4 before making landfall south of Belize City on October 31.

San Andrés (island)

San AndrésSan Andrés IslandSan Andres Island
Hattie first affected the southwestern Caribbean, where it produced hurricane-force winds and caused one death on San Andres Island.

Cuba

Republic of CubaCubanCUB
It was initially forecast to continue north and strike Cuba, prompting evacuations on the island.

Grand Cayman

Grand Cayman IslandGrand Cayman, Cayman IslandsGrand Caimanes
While turning west, Hattie dropped heavy rainfall of up to 11.5 in on Grand Cayman.

British Honduras

Belizea colonising powerBelizean British
The country of Belize, at the time known as British Honduras, sustained the worst damage from the hurricane.

Caribbean Sea

CaribbeanCaribbean coastMar Caribe
For several days toward the end of October 1961, a low-pressure area persisted in the western Caribbean Sea, north of the Panama Canal Zone.

Panama Canal Zone

Canal ZonePanama Canal CompanyPanama Canal Commission
For several days toward the end of October 1961, a low-pressure area persisted in the western Caribbean Sea, north of the Panama Canal Zone.

Anticyclone

anticyclonicanti-cycloneanticyclones
On October 25, an upper-level anticyclone moved over the low; the next day, a trough over the western Gulf of Mexico provided favorable outflow for the disturbance.